To what temperature the oven body heats up
Built.in technique miraculously saves space in the kitchen. But you need to look at the parameters of security, because such an oven should not be very heated by the surface with which it is in contact. Otherwise, a fire hazardous situation may occur.
How to choose a safe oven cabinet?
Before making a purchase, you should think about the safety of your loved ones. That is why it is worth trusting only to those manufacturers who, when creating products, observe all the norms of GOST. The oven can perfectly fit the interior of the kitchen room, it can allow you to cook an amazing food, but if it is unsafe, such a purchase is better not to make. Having selected a suitable option for an oven, you need to get acquainted with the papers that are attached to it. They should noted in exactly what standards the oven responds. The modern market offers a lot of options for built.in technology. But it would be stupid to blindly acquire the product, it is important to fully get acquainted with its parameters.
Choosing separately standing oven, it is worth noting that they are divided into:
What are the built.in oven?
Modern housewives who need to make a choice in favor of a particular oven should know that they can be independent or dependent. So it turns out that in our country people are already accustomed to the fact that the hob is associated with the oven. Therefore, many choose dependent models. But, despite their variety, products should not be very heated by kitchen surfaces. If you choose a dependent model, then the firewall switches will be on the oven panel. Hence the features of the location, so the dependent model will be located directly under the hob. And the independent can be at a distance from it, therefore, you can put the product without an arched surface. The choice depends only on the preferences of the hostess herself, she should think about what kind of equipment will be desirable.
Manufacturers who work on the creation of ovens should strictly follow the provisions of GOST. At the same time, the presence of compliance with GOST rules implies that each model has passed the necessary quality control, has undergone the necessary tests. It is believed that you can use such oven under certain conditions. Strict observance of GOST position will ensure security for all close ones. Therefore, it is so important to select models that do not contradict adopted standards.
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In order to check the oven, excluding the heating of the surfaces, special thermals are used. When checking, the cabinet can be in any position in which it is possible to work. The sensors operate separately, they do not join the control system of the product itself. Therefore, their work can be evaluated as unmistakably true, the result will show how exactly such a cabinet will heat the outer part of the built.in oven.
If the oven has a pyrolytic cleaning system, then it is also checked using a special temperature sensor. If the instructions indicate the details regarding the tests, then the procedures can be carried out in the described conditions. If the product has removable parts that are intended to lower the temperature of the control panels, then they are removed when checking. Manufacturers must monitor not only heating the external surfaces, but also the norms of temperature in the center of the oven. For this, special thermal drives are used, which are indicated for the walls of the test angle.
If you know that the oven attracted your attention undergoes the test test, then they will become an ideal option for your kitchen. Try to choose the product that will arrange you according to the available capabilities, and will fully comply with safety precautions, and attract external data. When choosing a product with high power, provide yourself with a reliable assistant in the kitchen. Remember that the products are distinguished by a variety of heating modes. So products that are equipped with only two or four modes, then such a model is equal to the classic. But modern units offer up to 17 modes, which makes your culinary capabilities unlimited. It happens that the oven performs the function of a double boiler, and microwaves, or combined.
Differences of the oven and electric. Which is better to choose?
Question: “which oven to choose” usually occurs if the oven is installed separately from the hob. Find out how gas and electric models differ from each other, and which option is considered more preferable and the best today.
Some 10-15 years ago, the oven was considered an integral part of the kitchen slab and the entire catering unit as a whole.
However, many modern housewives deliberately abandon the oven, acquiring only the hob.
But if the delicious home pastries, unusual pizza, “overseas” climbing or familiar meat in French are for someone a mandatory part of the diet, which means that the oven in such a house is simply necessary.
Choose the type of oven: gas or electric
When choosing an oven, you need to pay attention to the following characteristics:
- technical conditions of connection;
- temperature control accuracy;
- efficiency of operation;
- the convenience of use.
Overchouses of different sizes are produced. Depending on the volume of the internal chamber, they are:
The volume of the working chamber of the oven is from 23 to 162 liters. There are the smallest and mini-follow. For the family, there will be enough model of standard or compact sizes. Before buying a technique, it is worth determining how often it is supposed to use it. The presence of free space in the room is of great importance.
Energy consumption class
Electric devices, depending on consumption, are divided into classes: a, b, C. D, E, F, G. The most economical devices of the first three classes are. There are also classes a and a, such a technique is distinguished by even greater savings.
If the model has a class A icon, this means that the oven saves energy by 20-25%, and class A-by 45-50%.
The maximum number and variety of modes is inherent in an electric oven. In addition to the main ones, there are many additional modes in it:
Manufacturers have equipped modern electric artists with fast heating and steaming modes. Only in such devices you can perfectly warm the dish from all sides. This is possible because the heating of the spiral occurs over the entire surface. The heat inside the electric chamber is distributed evenly. It is much more difficult to cook and bake food in a gas oven and bake.
To obtain a delicious and aromatic dish, it is important to choose the right cooking temperature
The main modes
Basically, the gas ovens have only the lower heating. Although some modern models are also equipped with upper heating.
The electric oven has much more modes:
- upper heating;
- lower heating;
- grill fan;
- The grill is upper heating;
- lower heating of the upper heating fan (convector);
- lower intensive heating of the upper heating.
These devices are more practical. You can cook any complex dish in them, because the temperature regime is exactly set. Most modern models have already laid down a variety of automatic programs. You need to select the program and specify the weight of the products. Thanks to this, you do not have to figure out what temperature corresponds to the number of the oven.
Cheap electric and gas ovens after each cooking are cleaned by hand. Modern models are equipped with self.cleaning. Manufacturers of began to produce devices with the EcoClear cleaning system. The walls have a special biocramic coating, the fat to which almost does not stick.
In expensive devices, one of the types of automatic cleaning is provided: catalytic, hydrolysis or pyrolytic. In the first case, the enamel of the cover of the walls of the oven, contains a catalyst. a component that, at a temperature of 150 degrees and above, decomposes fats and soot. The cleaning process occurs right during cooking. With pyrolytic cleaning, the combustion of any pollution on the walls of the oven is performed at a temperature of 500 degrees. Only soot remains from them. The essence of hydrolysis cleaning is the preliminary softening of fats accumulated on the walls of the cabinet, under the influence of water vapor. The technology of catalytic decomposition of fat and other pollution can be implemented in gas ovens. In these cabinets, you need to regularly clean the burners.
Door opening and type of guides
- Hinged. The traditional way to open down. It is equipped with both electrical models and gas.
- Sliding. It automatically moves forward with all the lattices, baking sheets and pallets. Only electrical ovens. All elements of the device are fixed on it from the inside. This design does not allow to burn when checking the readiness of the dish.
- Hinged. Opens on the left or right. It is found in independent electric ovens, most often built at chest level. The handle for their opening is located on the opposite of the door mounts to the side.
Guides are details on which baking sheets and lattices are held. They are telescopic and wire, in the form of recesses on the inside of the camera.
Recesses are found in classic budget models. Wire guides are a metal reinforcement with grooves, which is fixed on the internal walls. Pallets and lattices easily glide in design. Wash it quite easy. Telescopic guides together with the tray are advanced to the desired distance. They are very convenient, but only expensive models of electric wind cabinets are equipped with them.
How to find out the temperature in the oven by marks
Most modern devices have an individual temperature setting scale. The manufacturer to each model attaches instructions that indicate the compliance of the degree of heating for each division of the regulator. These parameters in different devices differ. But with the loss of the instructions, certain difficulties arise.
To calculate the parameters, you need to know the following characteristics of the oven:
There is a clear division in the oven what number is how many degrees go. As practice shows, most dishes are prepared with an indicator of 180 degrees. Therefore, it is necessary to remember how to set this value on the division scale. If there are 9 divisions on it, then the desired indicator is set by turning on 4 divisions, and if 8, then set to number 3.
To exclude such situations, built.in ovens are equipped with a tangential cooling system. The principle of its action is forced circulation of cold air around the oven. An additional fan located behind the camera draws cold air from the lower oven zone under the door and directs it along the bottom of the oven. Then, rising along the posterior wall, hot air is excreted along the upper side through the openings between the cabinet housing and the door.
The safe operation of the device depends on how coordinated the operation of the overtime cooling system with the implementation of cooking programs depends.
Immediately after turning on
The basic models of oven cabinets provide for automatic inclusion of the ventilation system simultaneously with the inclusion of the oven. When activating any cooking mode, in addition to the position “off” the fan will work. After the process is completed, the ventilation stops. Compared to the cooling system with a tangential type fan, this cooling principle is less effective and safe.
Depending on temperature or time
Modern ovens are equipped with special sensors. They work when a certain heating temperature reaches, starting the ventilation and cooling system.
The DC dynamic cooling system provides the temperature of the external walls of the device, even when the oven is already disconnected. It will turn off the fan that cool the oven case when the temperature of its walls reaches 60 degrees.
In oven with advanced Tangential cooling technology DCS, the fan does not turn off simultaneously with the cessation of the use of the device. He will continue to work until the temperature in the working chamber decreases to 75 degrees.
The oven does not heat up, does not heat up why?
The owners of the electric stove notice that the oven does not warm when the dish has already stood inside for an hour, but it has not been baked, with gas models in this sense it is much easier: if the fire does not burn, something broke down. But electric wind cabinets have their advantages: they are cheaper, it is easier to connect them and not required gas supply to the house. If you noticed that your oven works, but does not warm, then it’s time to think about repairs.
You need an oven repair in St. Petersburg? Trust the masters of the Lenbyt company Serving your equipment. We have been restoring gas and electric stoves at the client’s home for 10 years. Our experts go to orders in all areas of the city without weekends and holidays. We accept repair applications from 7:00 to 23:00 daily by phone 8 (812) 324-97-77.
Signs and causes of malfunction
There are several situations in which the oven does not heat up. Each of the breakdowns has its own distinctive features:
- The device does not heat up to the desired temperature. Predict how much the oven will heat up in this case. In the same position of the regulatory handle, the thermometer shows different values each time. This all indicates the failure of the thermostat. a sensor that regulates heating. If his contact was oxidized or the sensor itself has failed, the control unit will always receive different signals from it and change the level of heat inside.
- The temperature does not increase more than 100-150 °. The surest sign of this problem is a long preparation. If you bake the pie not in 40 minutes, as written in the recipe, but in 2 hours, and it is not yet ready, then the device cannot give enough heat to bake the dough. There may be several sources of malfunctions: a breakdown in the cord of the power, a problem of one of the hets, a defect in the thermostat and even the wear of the seal on the door.
- The electric oven does not warm from below. Often users notice that the dish was burnt on top, but did not bake from the bottom. Most often the reason for damage to the lower heater. But if your model has 4 heating elements, the bottom should warm up due to lateral sources. If they do not cope, the reason is the wear of the fan.
- The device turns on, but remains cold. In electric stoves, a complex wiring system, one part is responsible for lighting, the other. for heating the burners, the third. for Roster. If the oven does not warm in the electric stove, but the light in it turns on, this indicates the defect in the wiring: the contact has departed, the wire is punched.
- The indicator light does not burn. If you turn the switch, and the tumor lamp does not light up, check if the heating elements heat up at least a little. If not, the problem can also be in internal wiring or supplying electricity.
Each of the malfunctions listed above is manifested in the same way. by defects in electric artes, but requires completely different actions. We will consider typical damage to each part and repair methods.
- Thermostat. A bright signal of problems with it is unpredictability. Yesterday Roster was heated too much, today it barely bakes and is constantly turning off. Or does not heat up at all. All this indicates that the temperature sensor is damaged. The master must first check all the contacts, if the failure in them, they can be restored. If the thermostat itself breaks, it needs to be replaced. Most often, this element fails using Ariston, Hansa and Gefest technique.
- Ten. If the lower part of the door after an hour is much colder than the upper one, then the lower heating element does not work. It is possible to restore it only in old dream models and Lysva, in other cases it is recommended to install a new spare part.
- Switch, regulator. The pen, which we turn on the oven and switch the modes, can also fail. Technically, the device will work, but using it without a handle will not work. It usually breaks after water or dirt, then it can be restored if you clean it well. But if the switch is mechanically damaged due to constant use, it must be changed. This breakdown is relevant for owners of Darina tiles and Bosch.
- Management payment. If you have an expensive Zanussi or Gorenje technique, all operations are controlled by the control module. If it breaks, the camera will warm up poorly or even stop working. All other parts of the system are also vulnerable.
- Contacts. If the problem is in the wiring, finding the place where the failure occurred, it is difficult without special tools. Therefore, it is better to entrust this work to a professional from Lenbyt. over, the specialist will easily restore the chain without replacing parts.
- Fan. The Samsung and Kaiser instruments function badly if the cooler breaks. It is needed to evenly distribute heat over the chamber if heating goes only on one side. To check its performance, turn on the device in blowing mode. If the fan motor burned, it will not spin, the temperature sensor will consider this a mistake and turn off the heater. The good news is that the fan is not always required. It is enough to promote the device and clean the blades from the plaque, it is possible to update the adhesion in the motor. The master will do it in one visit.
- Seal. Many forget that the sealing elastic band on the door should fit tightly to the body so that the heat in the chamber remains. If you are worn out, cold air will enter the camera during work. This can bring down the readings of the sensors, the technique will fail. If you notice that the rubber tape on the door leaves or there are dents on it, invite a specialist to replace.
Do not try to repair the equipment yourself, most likely, you will only aggravate the breakdown. Seek for help to specialists by number 8 (812) 324-97-77 or online.
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The oven is very warm, overheating
The faulty thermostat transmits incorrect temperature data to the control module, and he naturally produces incorrect commands to heating elements, which can lead to overheating with all the sad consequences ensuing from here. The most common reason is to stick relay contacts; It happens that thermoregulator has lost calibration.
If you notice that the oven is clearly overheated (this is easy to notice on a too hot door), you must urgently call a specialist who will figure out the causes of the problem. In principle, the thermostat is subject to repair-in it you can change the relay, sensor, wires, microcircuits-but it is better to put a new thermal sensor, especially since the cost of repair and complete replacement will be comparable.
The switch of modes broke
Another “popular” reason for the improper operation of the oven is a malfunction of the switch (toggle switch) of the modes. Under prolonged service with severe conditions of high temperatures, contacts of contacts can weaken, or the contacts themselves can burn: the possible reasons can be read in the article “The switch does not work”. The faulty switch must be replaced.
Damage to the power switch
Overheating of the oven can be caused by a malfunction of the switch that regulates its heating. Like any other switch in the stove under the influence of high temperatures, it can weaken the contacts of contacts, or the contacts themselves can burn. It is difficult to fix the switch, it is better to replace it.
The sensor is faulty
A faulty temperature adjustment sensor in the touch panel will lead to the same consequences as a broken mechanical power switch. Only now it is much more difficult to fix something in the touch panel-here, here, without good knowledge of the stove and special diagnostic equipment, you can’t do in any way.
If a strong heating from the outside of the oven is noticed, the reasons will most likely be completely different, for example, a violation of the thermal insulation layer: hot air from the oven seep out and heats not only the body of the stove, but also the surrounding furniture.
It is too difficult to repair thermal insulation independently: apparently, you have to take the stove to the workshop.
Problems with the fan
Too strong heating the outer walls of the oven can be caused by a breakdown of the cooling fan. The causes of problems with the fan can be different: the contact wire shorts on the case (black plaque will be seen, and it usually knocks out plugs), the engine is faulty, pollution of the impeller with fat and dust. It is possible that a dangerous problem can be solved by banal cleaning of the fan from accumulated contaminants.
Control module failure
In modern devices, everything is controlled by electronics, therefore, with some breakdowns or malfunctions in the “brains”, the consequences can be very diverse, including improper heating of the oven. Of course, only a specialist with suitable diagnostic equipment is necessary to deal with this.
Folk recipes for warming up
Not so long ago, about 10-15 years ago, housewives who did not have a thermometer on the oven, folk tested methods were used to determine the temperature regime.
How to understand what degrees the oven was warmed up if there is no special technique? To do this, a pinch of flour must be placed on a baking sheet. The oven is pre.heated. The baking sheet is covered with white paper. Pour flour on paper and observe how long, it will change color.
There is another method how to determine without a thermometer to what temperature the oven is heated. If you need to find out how much to warm up the oven to the average of 180-200 ° C, then light the fire in the closet. And then put a piece of foil on a warm baking sheet. Then pour a little sugar with a slide on top. Slowly increase the level of fire in the closet.
IMPORTANT! When the foil sugar begins to melt, this means that the temperature is 200 ° C. This indicator is quite enough to prepare many baked dishes and pastries.
Когда под рукой нет ни муки, ни фольги, ни сахара, а необходимо разогреть духовку до 180 градусов, рекомендуем воспользоваться временным показателем. Mistresses with experience in such a case advise to detect time from the moment the fire is set on fire.
In order for the temperature regime to reach the specified parameters, it is necessary for at least ten minutes. Of course, provided that the fire will be medium. Accordingly, if you increase the fire, then the time required to warm up the cabinet will decrease.
What is the facade of the oven
The main detail of the facade of the oven is the door. By the method of opening, they can be performed by folding, retractable and hinged. The most traditional design is the folding door. The door handles are located at the top, the door opens down, turning on the hinges in the lower part. A sliding door is only at electric shows. Its design is made in such a way that the elements of the oven are recorded on its inside. Automatic extension of the bakingins occurs when the oven is put forward. This design protects from obtaining random burns.
In progressive models of ovens, a similar task is successfully solved by the use of telescopic guides. Hinged doors are installed on electric and independent ovens. When installing at the height of the chest, the opening of the door in the left or right side is very convenient. When the oven operation, all its details also heat up. Depending on the material of the part, the heating temperature is felt differently. The glass and metal surfaces of the door are the most heated. To protect against burns, the door is made of several layers of special glass. In modern models there are up to four layers of glass, while the outer almost does not heat up and you can calmly touch it. For cooling the side walls and doors, some manufacturers use a special cooling function in oven designs. For example, in some ovens Gorenje, Dynamic Cooling automatic cooling is used, which controls the temperature of the external surfaces of the oven and, if necessary, cools them up to 60 degrees.
Tangential cooling. what it is and how it works?
When you start cooking in the oven, its walls and doors quickly heat up. And since temperature regimes in many modern models can exceed 250 degrees, heating will be very significant. The built.in oven is installed in the niche of the kitchen set, almost close to the walls of furniture. High temperature can lead to its deformation and even fire.
The system of tangential cooling solves this problem. The oven is equipped with a special external fan. It draws cold air, which goes from below along the oven body, cooling it. Cold air flow displaces heated water, which exits through a special hole.
A powerful fan creates an air barrier around the case of a working oven, which does not allow the walls of the device to hot and heat the furniture into which it is built. Thanks to the tangential cooling system, the operation of the oven becomes safe. Without this technology, it is impossible to do in the oven in which pyrolytic cleaning is provided.
As an addition to the tangential cooling system in some models of wind cabinets Lex, the Cold Front technology is used. The door of the oven is equipped not by two, as usual, but with three heat.resistant glasses. The air gap between them reduces the temperature, so the facade of the oven does not heat up much, even if you use high.temperature modes.
Tangential cooling and the “cold front” not only ensure the safe operation of built.in ovens, but also reduce electricity consumption. Thanks to three.layer glazing and air barrier, it is possible to reduce heat loss and maintain uniform temperature inside the chamber.
All electric ovens produced by Lex are equipped with tangential cooling technology. Therefore, you may not be afraid for the kitchen furniture in which you are embedded. In the catalog you can choose and buy a model with suitable functionality.
Oven Lex Edm 070 BL