Structural and operational features
Wall mounted gas wall mounted boiler Vaillant is mounted on the wall using the fasteners included in the delivery set. Fumes are exhausted via the chimney. The boilers are capable of operating at supply voltage fluctuations within the range of 190-253 V.
Modulating chrome-nickel-steel burners make it possible to set the Vaillant wall boilers to partial output. The factory sets the maximum possible heat load (20, 24 and 28 kW). In order to adapt the heating system to the specific conditions, lower values can be set from 7.7-10.9 kW.
The primary heat exchanger, made of pure copper, provides a high efficiency of heat transfer. more than 91%.
The integrated, closed expansion membrane tank smoothes out pressure differences in the heating circuit.
Vaillant gas appliances are equipped with automatic air extraction. There is also a special diagnostic program for the deaeration of the heat exchanger circuits. When it starts, the heating function is turned off and the circulation pump goes into intermittent operation, which de-aerates the primary and secondary circuits of the heat exchangers.
The pressure of the two-stage circulation pump is automatically maintained at a predetermined level. by setting the bypass valve. The pressure can be adjusted in the range of 17-35 kPa.
Why has the water pressure dropped
If your home has self-contained heating, then the standards depend on:
Next, we’ll look at causes unrelated to the installation. If the device resets and does not gain pressure, it may be an internal breakdown or external factors.
You refill the coolant in the circuit, but the pressure is still low. If the batteries are well heated, the moisture evaporates quickly, so the place of the leak is difficult to detect. Take a dry cloth and go over all pipe joints, connections. Look, perhaps puddles are accumulating under the radiators.
How to re-pressure valliant boiler (f.22 fault)
If you cannot find a leak, use a compressor.
- Disconnect the radiators from the heating device.
- Drain all fluid.
- Connect the compressor to the taps.
- Flush the circuit with air.
- You will hear an abnormal sound in places where there are damages.
- Use sanitary tow or sealant to seal it.
Incorrectly sized boiler. the output does not match the set pipeline parameters. That is why the pressure constantly drops and does not hold.
If the values drop quickly, the cause could be in the expansion vessel. You pour coolant every week but it is becoming less and less, although there are no leaks. Also depressurize faucets.
- Turn off the water valves.
- Drain the circuit completely.
- Open the valve on the expansion tank (RB) and fix the figures.
- Pump in air until all water is evacuated.
- Bleed and repeat the procedure. Make sure that the arrow on the pressure gauge does not exceed 1.3 bar.
- Open the taps and pour the liquid in.
If after the procedure the pressure has dropped and does not rise, inspect the diaphragm for damage. Replace if necessary.
Vaillant Boiler: High pressure on your boiler pressure gauge. Why?
Heat exchanger malfunction. No irregularities detected after checking pipes and connections? Inspect the radiator for damage. Large amount of deposits on the tubes leads to frequent reagent washings. This causes the material to wear out quickly, causing cracks.
Bi-thermal unit cannot be repaired due to design. Will need to be replaced. If a tubular radiator is installed, remove it. Fissures can be detected by green stains on the surface. Dry the device, sand the damaged area with an emery cloth. After that perform soldering with soldering iron or torch.
Water make up valve problem. If leakage occurs, tap causes constant pressure drop. How to add coolant to the system? Only replacement of the part will help.
Three-way valve malfunction. In two-circuit units, the valve serves to switch the flow from heating to hot water. Perform cleaning of the valve, its work may interfere with limescale, debris.
Trapped air. Determining that an air has appeared in the radiators is not difficult. This is clear by the gurgling sounds where the water collides with the air. Do this:
- Note the value of the pressure gauge.
- Unplug your appliances.
- Place a container under the Mayevsky valve and open the valve.
- You will hear air and may be dripping. Wait until the hissing stops.
- Turn on the water and supply it until the arrow of the manometer reaches the initial position. Turn off the taps.
- Start the boiler and listen to the operation. If you hear sounds again, repeat the procedure.
Gas line problems
Fuel supply interruptions cause heating problems and blockage of boiler. What are the reasons for the outages:
- Clogged gas fittings: filters, nozzles, hose.
- Gas valve defective or clogged.
- Fuel leakage. Close the valves and call the gas service.
As you can see, problems with the operation of the boiler arise from both internal and external causes. If you can not find the place of the problem, call a master. He will diagnose the system and fix the problem.
Not uncommon cause of failures in the work of the gas boiler is a rapid drop in pressure in the heating system. Often this leads to the shutdown of the device. Then the owners have a question, how to add pressure to the gas boiler. The answer depends on the reason for the reduction of the indicator on the pressure gauge.
How to raise the pressure in the boiler Vaillant
The boiler Vaillant Turbo TEC pro VUW 242 works in the heating system. The house in the village, the pressure in the water supply is low, when filling the water heating circuit pressure of only 0.9 bar, very rarely, but it happens that there is no water at all. According to the passport pressure of cold water should be within 1-2 bars. When the boiler is working, the pressure of hot water rises to 1.2 bar. Over a week of boiler operation, the pressure has dropped to 1 bar. Question: how to increase the pressure in the heating circuit at low pressure in the plumbing?
The device that increases the pressure is called a pump.
The nominal pressure in the system ensures normal circulation of the heating medium and pressure in the valves. But what to do if the pressure in a two-circuit boiler drops? Why does it happen?? The main causes are:
- improper installation,
- The mismatch between the boiler‘s capacity and your piping,
- radiator damage,
- Interruptions in the gas supply.
Let’s look at how to raise the pressure and what to do when the boiler does not hold it.
To begin with, let’s understand the features of pressure and key concepts.
- There are several units of pressure measurement: atmospheres, bars, megapascals.
- Even when the unit is not running, there is pressure. this is called static pressure.
- During the operation of the boiler to all elements of the network acts dynamic pressure.
- The maximum allowable pressure. this is the extreme value, after which an accident can happen.
- The internal radiator is the most sensitive part of the system, especially prone to pressure surges. But batteries and pipes can withstand quite high values, although much depends on the material from which they are made, their “age” and other parameters.
What should be the pressure in the gas boiler, depends greatly on the characteristics of the system. the number of batteries, the equipment used, materials, etc. If you have a one- or two-story private house, the working pressure should not exceed 1.5-2 atmospheres. If the number of floors is more than two, a higher value of up to 4 atmospheres is allowed. But in both cases we recommend to install pressure gauges on each floor. This will allow you to take accurate readings and, if necessary, to take action.
Features of closed and open systems
Two popular types of heating systems are used today:
- Open. Water here moves naturally due to the special design and the force of gravity of the earth. The system itself via an expansion tank is communicated with the atmosphere.
- Closed. Here the coolant circulation is carried out under the action of the circulating pump.
Closed systems are most popular today. For them, the normal operating pressure is not more than 2 atmospheres. But if the circuit is long, then the pressure can be higher. In some cases, even several pumps are installed to ensure the normal flow of the coolant through the circuit. It is recommended to put pumps in parallel. this minimizes the load on the boiler, allowing it to work longer without damage.
Knowing what is the normal pressure in the gas boiler, it must be constantly monitored. In modern units necessarily installed pressure gauge, which allows you to know immediately the real value. The advantage of built-in pressure gauges is that they do not need power to operate. Electronic ones do not work without electricity.
But one pressure gauge is not enough. To get objective values, you need to install additional on the inlet / outlet of the boiler, the upper / lower segments of the system, before and after the pump. Experts advise to put pressure gauges also at the points of branching pipes. The rule “the more the better” works here (within reasonable limits, of course). Several pressure gauges will allow you to better assess the situation throughout the circuit.
The need to control the pressure in the heating of a private home
The pressure level in the home heating system should be checked regularly. As a rule, modern models of boilers are equipped with manometers with an arrow indicating the pressure level. These mechanical devices are much more convenient than electronic ones, as they do not need additional power.
Measuring only the operating pressure in the gas boiler is not enough to diagnose the condition of the entire system. It is important that pressure gauges are installed on the pipe coming in and going out of the boiler, the highest and lowest point of the heating system, and before and after the circulation pump. In addition, it is desirable to place pressure gauges on the forks of the pipes.
It is worth noting that the measurements themselves do not affect the state of the heating system, but allows time to diagnose the presence of the problem. The serviceability and accuracy of pressure gauges should also be checked periodically.
What should be the pressure in the gas boiler: how much in the expansion tank and water
Hello, dear readers of the site. Do you know what the pressure should be in the gas boiler? What are the nominal, actual and incorrect values?
The gas boiler (GC) is an appliance often used in suburban homes. Its nominal pressure. this is the maximum allowable parameter at which the unit can work properly for the entire warranty period.
For each model in the documents presents its parameters. And it is important to have an idea of the functional water pressure (Pa). This is the designation of the maximum possible parameter at the output section of the GC, provided that it works normally. As long as the GC is not filled with liquid, the indicator is equal to the atmospheric pressure indicator. This is 1 bar.
Control of normal pressure in the heating system of a private house and how to normalize it
The work of the heating system is characterized by several indicators. The main one is the current temperature, which depends on the parameters of the equipment and the scheme of pipes. But in the process of heating and circulation of water inevitably there is an internal pressure. On compliance with the normal value of this indicator depends on the performance and integrity of the system.
What is the working pressure in the heating system?
The pressure in the heating system arises as a result of several factors. It characterizes the impact on the internal walls of the elements (boiler, pipes, radiators) of the coolant. Until the moment of filling with water, the pressure in the pipes will be equal to atmospheric pressure. 1 bar. But as soon as the water starts to fill up, this value starts to change.
Even when the coolant is cold the water pressure will be applied to the pipeline. It occurs because of the different location of the system elements. with an increase in height of 1 meter 0.1 bar is added. This type of action is called static pressure. It is characteristic for open heating systems with natural circulation. Their design allows almost instantaneous stabilization of possible index deviations.
[box type=info ]In a closed heating system the situation is slightly different. Since the coolant expands during heating, an overpressure is generated in the pipes. Depending on the design of the pipeline, it can vary in different areas. If stabilising and display devices are not installed when planning, this can lead to breakdowns.[/box]
Along with this, there are other causes of differential. Exceeding the normal rate may be due to the following factors:
Natural expansion of the heating medium due to heating.
- Improperly chosen diameters of pipes. The outlet of the boiler must be of the largest size. If this rule is not respected, then as the diameter decreases, the pressure increases.
- Increased capacity of the circulation pump or malfunction. The result of the latter can be a water hammer.
- Opened tap of the system make-up from water supply. This happens if the pressure in the water supply pipes exceeds the value in the heating system.[/starlist]
Only a leakage can cause a drop in the pressure rating. In some cases, it is a microcrack on the pipe or, more commonly, on the boiler heat exchanger.
The normal values of the pressure
For autonomous heating systems there are no norms of pressure. This value is calculated depending on the parameters of equipment and characteristics of pipes. It is necessary to follow the rule that the normal value of the pressure in the heating should correspond to the minimum value of the “weakest” element.
The next factor is the necessary difference between the pressure in the boiler forward and return pipes. It must be 0,3-0,5 atm. This is one of the mechanisms to maintain normal circulation of the coolant.
Ways to control and stabilize it
For visual pressure control special gauges are installed.
Almost all modern heating boilers are equipped with this device. But in addition to this, installation of additional measuring points is necessary. They should be located at the following sections of the pipeline:
- Inlet and outlet pipe of the heater.
- The highest and lowest points of the system.
- In the places of branching of the pipeline. tees, three-way (two-way) valves, manifolds.[/checklist]
However, they will be able to indicate critical changes, but will not affect the situation in any way. Therefore, stabilization devices are additionally mounted.[ads1]
Ways to normalize
By default, each closed heating system with forced circulation must be equipped with an expansion tank. It is a steel sealed construction, divided into 2 chambers (for more information on the choice of tank read here).
One of them is connected to the mains and the other is filled with air. There is a rubber diaphragm between the two. The pressure value in the upper chamber is normal. If the water expands due to heating and the pressure in the pipes rises, the diaphragm moves towards the air chamber thus compensating for the excess.
A more effective way to stabilize is the installation of a safety group, which includes a pressure gauge, air vent and safety valve.
The pressure gauge indicates the current pressure.
- Air vent is intended for the prevention of air s.
- The safety valve is triggered when the maximum pressure is reached. With the help of a spring mechanism, the spindle is lifted and the excess water is removed from the pipeline. This happens until the pressure stabilizes.
A safety valve can be installed separately in “problematic” heating areas. It is important to provide a mechanism for release of excess heat transfer fluid into the sewer system or a storage tank.
All of the above options to stabilize pressure applied to heating a private home. Besides, there are expensive automatic systems that can fully control all the parameters of the system. temperature, pressure, timely addition of water, etc.д. But their purchase is not always reasonable because of the high cost.
Boiler pressure drops. Causes and solutions
Installation of independent heating systems in private homes in the city and country houses is becoming more and more popular. There are many reasons for this, but the main advantage is the ability to independently regulate the maintenance of an optimal thermal regime inside the room. The proposed modern equipment provides such a possibility. If the equipment is used properly, according to the parameters specified in the instructions, it can provide continuous and trouble-free operation during the declared warranty period. But problems do occur. One such problem, pressure deviations from the recommended values in the heating system.
Pressure drop in the boiler or increase in pressure, all this is the reason for maintenance, preventive maintenance or repair work to eliminate the causes. According to the conclusions of specialists servicing the installed climatic equipment in Ryazan and Ryazan region, the pressure in the boiler (gas, electric, solid fuel) falls for several reasons:
- The integrity of the heat exchanger installed in the boiler is disrupted;
- The presence of defects or breaks in the expansion tank inside the boiler (the pressure in the expansion tank of the boiler rises or falls) ;
- breach of sealing in the joints of installed heating equipment (radiators);
- Reduction of the internal flow cross-section of the coolant circulation channels;
- possible malfunction of measuring and control devices;
- failure of integrity in some places of the heating system piping (wear and tear, manufacturing defect);
- Air ingress in the heating system.
- long-term absence of electricity (electric boilers).
So, here is an actual situation: it is winter, the temperature is minus 20, a country house is heated by a two-circuit boiler. You go to work or go somewhere on business, the house is warm. After some time you come back, go home and realize that the heating does not work, the room is cool. The first thing you do is to go to the boiler and find out that it does not work, and the manometer shows zero, that is, there was a pressure drop in the heating system.
You immediately begin to wonder what would happen if you didn’t come home for an extended period of time? And there would be defrosting of radiators and failure of an expensive two-circuit boiler of a well-known brand.
What could have happened in your absence? Here everything is simple, for some reason the power was turned off, the boiler stopped, the pressure in the heating system dropped below the point at which it can start working. The light was turned on in an hour, but the device could not start working. Here you have a disaster of domestic scale.
How to Pressurise an ecoTEC pro Boiler
What you can do with your own hands, so that such situations do not happen? Again, here we are talking about things that can be fixed by yourself, if it is a failure of two-circuit boiler, you need to call professionals.
The first thing to do is to check the heating system for leaks. Take a paper towel and wipe all the joints and connections. There have been cases where a person assured that there is no leak, but the pressure in the system is reduced. As a result, by accident, or after a closer inspection revealed that the system is dripping, but the puddle on the floor was not, because the water had time to evaporate before the drop fell on the floor. Or the drops appeared in the joints and connections when the pressure in the pipes increases. Of course, all leaks found need to be repaired.