What height is hooded by hood?
Based on decades of practical operation, experts formed their own recommendations regarding how height to hang the hood. There are unspoken rules for the units placed over the base of the gas burner. They are indicated in the user instructions or installation recommendations that are attached to each model of an exhaust unit.
Properly organized kitchen space
- one. Bosch products are traditionally considered one of the highest quality in the market. The average power of the units is 650 m3/h. Hanging an extract of this performance is better at a distance of 65 cm from the surface of the fireplace.
- 2. The solutions made by the Shindo brand are characterized by reliability and availability. For the most part, we are talking about a horizontal device of medium power. The average productivity of the devices is 450-500 m3/h. The kitchen hood is mounted at a height of 75 cm above the electric stove. Above the open flame of the burner, the device should not be located.
- 3. The products of the domestic brand Saturn cannot boast of high power, but at the same time performance of 240-300 m3/h will be enough for the average housewife. Recommended distance to the hood-75-80 cm from the burner.
The height of the hood is installed for different hobs
What products to buy and from which brand is to solve only you, but in terms of height of installation, the units are almost identical. It should be noted that the distance from the surface of the gas stove to the hood is determined by a number of important requirements:
- convenience during operation;
- leveling of the probability of spontaneous combustion (especially if there are tables with other household devices nearby);
- Effective fence of dirty air above the stove, stove.
Given the above requirements, it can be argued that the most secure and acceptable value of the distance from the hob to the hood is in the range of 70-90 cm.
Types of hoods
There are four main types of kitchen exhaust cabinets:
The first type has the appearance of an umbrella with a pipe, which is fixed on the wall where it is clearly visible. Therefore, its design should approach the interior of the kitchen. Outwardly, it is very reminiscent of a chimney from the fireplace.
Island.type devices are most often attached to the ceiling. They are used if the interior of the kitchen is thought out so that the plate is located in the center of the room. This model works only in one mode, on the principle of air removal.
Built.in devices are placed inside the cabinets. They are hidden from the eyes, so they can not be finished too carefully. Their technical characteristics are no worse than other models, but they are a little cheaper.
Calculations of the height height of the hood
Table structures are built into the hob itself. They look like another panel section. Due to the fact that this model is in the immediate vicinity of the source of dirty air, the quality of cleaning is usually at a height.
Factors affecting the installation
Before the installation, it is necessary to take into account everything that can in the future cause inconvenience during the operation of the device, so they are guided by:
- Recommendations. standard and those that are spelled out in the product passport;
- The area of the kitchen space, its interior;
- type of hob;
- Extensive performance;
- its dimensions, the size of the air intake;
- growth of owners engaged in cooking.
However, any rough deviation from the standards of height during installation is the reason for reducing the efficiency of the hood. A long distance will not allow the device to evacuate contaminated air and drops of fat that strive to “attack” all surfaces. If the owners have high growth, then the best alternative to height will be the acquisition of a more powerful extract.
The proximity of the device to the hob will turn into more serious problems, since:
- Low.located hood will make it difficult to cook food, will lead to injuries;
- The surface of the device will constantly overheat, which means that its life will inevitably decrease;
- Fat filters will be too quickly clogged, which will cause the use of the unit;
- Perhaps an emergency is a fire, because the risk of fire of fat settling on filters is not excluded.
Types of exhaust units
What height to choose is most affected by only 2 factors: features of the installation of devices in a particular place and the type of hob. However, much depends on the height of the ceilings: where they are low, it is not always possible to mount the hood in accordance with the recommendations. In this case, the guarantees of impeccable work do not exist.
Classify hoods at the place of their location.
- Wall models are considered the most popular, traditional devices.
- Built.in “hide” in the closet of the kitchen set. Place for installation. the lower shelf of this furniture.
- Island devices are ideal only for spacious kitchens, where the plate is the center of the small “universe”.
- Corner structures are an excellent option if the hob is forced to be on the “outrage”.
- Flat structures that are built into furniture are often supplied with electronic control;
- dome dimensional units, always attached to the ventilation duct;
- Included devices are modern and ergonomic options that facilitate cooking due to the lack of a shadow discarded and the risk of “earn” injury.
There are hoods according to the constructive features:
The latter type refers to flow systems. They are equipped with drawback (or folding) air intakes, entered into the working area only if there is a need to clean the air.
Factors affecting the location of the exhaust structure
Factors that determine the ideal placement of the hood over the hob:
- safety and ease of users when working in the kitchen;
- the efficiency of the exhaust device;
- Exhaust protection from overheating.
If you place the device too low, there is a risk of creating a fire hazardous situation and significantly complicate the work at the stove, obscuring the review. It seems to many that with this location, not only smells, but also minor splashes will be removed, but this is a delusion.
With the maximum removal of the hood from heating elements, the life of its operation increases, however, the effect of its operation will be not enough.
The golden middle is determined by the experimental way. Using a roulette or a similar measuring tool, preliminary measurement is made and calculated.
- type of plate or hob and its dimensions;
- the principle of operation of the exhaust device, depending on its own preferences and conditions in the room;
- kitchen design style, color characteristics.
According to these parameters, they choose an hood, after the purchase they get acquainted in detail with the technical leadership, the recommendations for installation and connection.
Advice. A rectangular piece of cardboard of the corresponding size is suitable for the manufacture of the layout of the product in full size. The layout will clearly demonstrate all the features of the location of the hood until its final consolidation.
The nuances will appear immediately. Wall cabinets, shelves, communications are also factors on which the height and position of the hood over the hobs depend.
Using a cardboard template, it is much easier to determine the exact place where the purchased exhaust device will be installed.
The height of the hood over the gas stove: standards according to GOST
The correctly selected height of the hood over the hob provides a long service life of the device, its efficiency and safety when using.
The installation height of the ventilation device depends on the following factors:
- A variety of the plate. gas or electric;
- type of hood;
- device performance;
- Distance from hood to ventilation shaft.
Such moments as the growth of the user and the interior of the kitchen room are also taken into account.
Based on calculations and for considerations by GOST, the distance parameters between the exhaust equipment and the kitchen furnace are established. These standards are displayed in the technical passport of each exhaust device.
The distance is minimal and maximum, depending on the type of stove and hood
A gas stove is open fire and increased fire hazard, so the requirements for its placement are more strict. GOST standards for the height of the hood over the gas stove are as follows:
- Direct ventilation structures. domed, built.in, flat, corner. In them, filters are located parallel to the surface of the furnace. Should be attached at a distance of 75-85 cm from the fire.
- Inclined devices in which the filters are located at an angle with respect to the hob. Location height-55-65 cm.
Equipment placement parameters over an electric stove (induction, halogen, simple with cast-iron pancakes):
For a comfortable cooking process, it is allowed to change the height with amendment to the power of the model, technical specifications, the design of the kitchen and the growth of the user.
Reference. The most permitted deviation from standard norms in both directions is 5-10 cm.
Distance from the stove and hoods
Before the calculations of the distance to the hood, it is worth choosing the type of air receiver. They are parallel plate (horizontal), or at an angle (inclined). What are the differences in their work? The horizontal is at an angle of 90 degrees, and all the steam, smell, small splashes of fat are absorbed much easier. The vertical looks attractive, but sometimes it must be included in great power in order to increase the efficiency of work. But using this type of technique is much more convenient. the head of the body is excluded.
After choosing the unit, calculations are performed at what height to hang an extract above the gas stove. A common error after buying kitchen technology. there is no or missed the stage of determining the minimum distance from the hood to the gas stove, which will necessarily entail unnecessary expenses.
Manufacturers of equipment attach to their product installation schemes. There you will find recommendations on measurements and approximate calculations. To understand at what distance from the gas stove should hang the hood of your model, you need to know the type of tilt of the air receiver.
Horizontal and inclined devices are mounted at different heights. The first is parallel to gas burners, so it must be placed higher than an inclined. The latter is allowed to be attached a little below.
These are devices with a wall type of installation, most often compact and with the most interesting design. The height of the inclined hood from the stove is determined by several parameters. the size of the room and the type of hob. a person does not play a special role here, since the risk of touching the body of the head is minimal. Therefore, these devices are best suited for high.
A landmark, at what height to hang an inclined hood over a gas stove, comes primarily from the projecture project and the manufacturer’s instructions. The calculation is based on the gap between the lower edge of the air receiver and the burners.
Make sure that it does not exceed 55 cm. Although the danger of the emergence of a fire here is minimal, it still exists. Plus from exposure to open fire and high temperatures, some details of the hoods may melt or become unusable. But above 65 cm to install inappropriate. In this case, a high absorption power may be required. For an electric surface, the norm is 35-45 cm. There are fewer risks, so the requirements are reduced.
These are low, more often flat devices that can work in any room. For a classic horizontal type, the distance of the hood from the stove is calculated based on the type of hob. The norms here are different. Above gas burners, the air receiver is placed above the lower part of the hinged case, about 65-85 cm. And if you have an electric version, then the hood is allowed to mount flush with upper kitchen cabinets. The same applies to the built.in device. Here the height of the kitchen hood above the stove is allowed slightly lower. from 60 to 80 cm.
How to measure the distance correctly
Independently measure the height of the hood installation above the stove in compliance with a number of requirements. At first, before the installation, it is worth simulating the alleged process of work: leaning on the last burners, try to put a heavy pot. Do it better with an assistant.
Mark the minimum distance on the wall at which you can use the technique without problems. Further, according to the standards of the distance from the hob to the hood, measure the recommended height on the wall. The lower point will be the hob itself, and the upper. the hood filter. At the inclined device, its bottom is taken into account. The final measurement will turn out based on the average values of norms and convenience in work.
The height of the hood over the electric stove and induction stove
Monting the hood over an electric or induction stove, the height can be slightly reduced, since these plates are more safe in operation than gas. In addition, you can adjust the distance given the specifics of the design of the device itself. So, island hoods are mounted to the ceiling; corner. in a corner;, dome, fireplace. on the wall; built.in. in a suspension cabinet; flat. back panel to the wall. The height of the installation of an inclined hood differs from others. It can be installed over an electric and induction stove at a height of 35-45 cm.
Hood over an electric stove
In kitchens with small sizes, specialists and designers recommend installing built.in or flat models. In addition to convenience, flat units are attributed to budget models. By choosing a device with the required power, you get rid of kitchen smells in the entire apartment.
Important! When choosing an extract for the kitchen, you must take into account the size of the hob. So, its length cannot be less than the length of the plate. Otherwise, from the missing gaps, burning, soot, fat will accumulate on the surfaces of kitchen furniture, household appliances, dishes.
Why should you adhere to a certain height of the installation
Any self.respecting manufacturer attributes to its products the rules of installation and operation. Such instructions describe in detail how to properly arrange an extract above the hob. Adhering to all the requirements, the consumer can be sure of the reliable operation of the device for a long time. The wrong arrangement can lead to a fire, it will interfere with cooking, and just has a non.aesthetic appearance. If the unit is mounted high, it will not be able to effectively capture evaporation and burning.
The position of the outlet for turning on is located on the distance from the hob is located on the hob. It is mainly installed over the device.
Connection of the hood to the power line line
The mounting of the corrugated tube begins with its fixation to the lattice: the pipe is put on a ledge of a special lattice and is securely fixed with the help of clamps. The free end of the corrugation is attached to the established hood. Joints are treated with silicone sealant.
Important! In order to avoid reduction in traction, it is worth placing the corrugation as much as possible. Installation of an inclined hood does not tolerate sharp angles and turns.
Decoration of the hood
To create a beautiful appearance in the room, after the operation of the equipment is checked, it is necessary: it is necessary:
To create a stylish look in the kitchen, an extract with a divert into ventilation is designed in the same direction with the room.
A properly installed hood effectively sucks burning and kitchen smells, not allowing them to spread around the apartment. You can increase the effect of equipment using equipment if you leave it on at minimum revolutions a few more minutes after the end of cooking.
The distance from the stove and hoods inclined and horizontal
The height of the hood installation above the stove is determined by two criteria. the type of plate and the features of the unit placement.
Built-in hood group Tilia AEG. How to install guide
Structural features of the household appliance, the size of the duct or the presence of additional elements does not affect this value. Exclusion from the rules. a situation where the ceiling is at a small height and the distance from the stove to the hood cannot be observed constructively. Experts advise taking into account the value of the rated power of the device, and then adjust the height of ± 10 cm from the average recommended.
When installing inclined models of devices, you should observe the distance indicated by the manufacturers:
- from 35 to 50 cm if the dishes are planned to be cooked on an electric or induction hob;
- from 55 to 65 cm. the recommended distance to the hood over the gas stove.
Mount a kitchen device where it will be convenient to use. Naturally, the values indicated by experts are not taken “from the head”. The calculation data take into account a number of criteria:
Professionals focus on the fact that the distance from the hob to the household unit can be increased, if there is a sufficient stock in power. As for lowering below the recommended value. to do this is strictly prohibited. Corresponding installation will complicate the operation of the device, make it uncomfortable.
If the distance between the hood and the hob is below the recommended value, the unit will be in constant and significant heating conditions. It is better to refuse such situations, otherwise the equipment will quickly fail.
At what height to hang the hood over the hob depends primarily on the features of the plate itself with a horizontally located surface.
The placement of this type of equipment depends on several factors, the main ones are the type of slab, model, technical characteristics of the device. Recommended values:
Installation nuances over an electric stove
For the kitchen, the exhaust device is a design through which forced air exchange is carried out in the room. It sucks contaminated air, cleanses it, eliminating small particles of fat, evaporation, combustion products, smells and even impurities that are formed in the preparation of dishes.
The height of the hood depends on the structural features of the installation itself. Here it is necessary to focus on several aspects:
- A flat.type suspension structure can be placed above a gas or electric stove in a horizontal position;
- Most often, the kitchen hood is mounted on the wall at the stove, while the height can be selected by any, at the discretion of the owner;
- Built.in devices are installed in a special reflection of the kitchen set located above the stove;
- For the installation of an island unit, spacious rooms are best suited where you can hang an hood in the central part of the room, at the ceiling.
The distance between the tributary and the hood should be at least 60 cm. Despite the fact that this value is not final and it can be adjusted in each case, experts recommend that it be adhered to precisely.
At what height to install an extract above the gas stove
The distance from the stove to the hood is indicated not only by companies by manufacturers of household appliances, but also by the recommendations of specialists based on many years of operation of various types and models. Particular attention deserves the question of what the norm of installation of the kitchen hood over gas heating pads, since it is they who prevail in domestic houses and apartments.
KITCHEN ISLAND COOKER HOODS | WHAT ARE YOUR OPTIONS?
Manufacturers of the kitchen units in the instructions for each device, the abbot recommend that the consumers adhere to the installation conditions, as well as observe the minimum distance between the hob and the hood. Here are just a few examples:
- Saturn company in the instructions for the M60 model indicates that the device should be attached at a distance of 65 cm from the burner. The performance of this model is declared 245 m3/h.
- The Bosch DWW09W650 model is installed at a height of at least 65 cm above gas burners. Above the electric stove. the distance from the hob can be reduced to 55 cm. The productivity of the device is 650 650 m3/h.
- The unit from Shindo Metida60W boasts with a capacity of 420 m3/h. This model should be installed at a distance of 75 cm.
At what distance is it better to hang a kitchen unit? The distance between the bottom of the exhaust apparatus and the burners depends on the 3 requirements:
- level the probability of spontaneous combustion;
- ensure the removal of contaminated air flows;
- guarantee the hostess convenient use.
There are no restrictions horizontally, as for the vertical plane, the distance is in the range of 70-90 cm.
Experts recommend checking the company’s consultant at what height to set the hood indicating the exact value in order to optimize the functionality of the device. Sometimes the distance is increased due to the acquisition of a powerful apparatus, which will provide the hostess with additional convenience.
The well.selected distance from the stove to the hood and professional installation will ensure effective and prolonged operation of the equipment. Carefully study the instructions where the appropriate values and the height are indicated by the manufacturer.
Calculation of the extract of the hood
The first thing to do is choose the right extract of the hood when buying. Not sufficient power, even if all parameters are observed, the distance will not allow it to cope with the necessary volume of air, which she should pump.
To determine the necessary power, you need to perform several non.complex measurements and simple calculations. Calculate the volume of your kitchen. To do this, multiply the area by height.
- V is the volume of the kitchen;
- The coefficient of 12. such an amount of times the air in the kitchen should change within an hour;
- 1.3. coefficient that takes into account power losses.
With the size of the kitchen. 4 by 5 meters and the height of the ceilings. 2.80 m, we get:
P = 4m3m2,8121.3 = 524 m3/hour. Next, when buying, select the appropriate power. If the number is not the whole, then we round the value in the larger direction. In our case, 550-600 m3/hour.
For calculation, the coefficient “12” can be changed. If the gas stove is powerful, then it can be increased to “20”, and for electric. to “15”.
Height from the stove to the hood of inclined and horizontal
The next step before installing the hood is determining the distance from the hob, on which you need to mount the hood. Values differ for various types.
Three types are distinguished depending on the operating mode:
- Running. This type we meet most often. The hood sucks the air, passing it through the fat manner. And through the air duct leads him to the street. For the effectiveness of this type, an air flow is necessary.
- Recirculation. It is used in the case if the flowing cannot be installed. The hood sucks the air, filters it with a coal and greasy filter and returns the air back to the room.
It is necessary to change coal filters every 6-12 months.
Also, manufacturers let in hoods differing in shape. Which makes it possible for everyone to choose a device when designing a kitchen.
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- built.in, mounted in a closet above the hob and is practically not visible;
- island, is used if the kitchen is large, and the stove is in the center;
- suspended, mounted strictly above the hob;
- a retractable, popular option, takes up little space.
Distinguish all hoods in the location of the dome relative to the hob.
Determining how height to hang the hood, you need to take into account all the factors: the dimensions, shape and location of the dome of the hood.
Inclined hoods are significantly different from horizontal. The slope allows you to easily clean it and replace the filters. She is also at a lower risk of fire.
The fans are located in the upper part of the case, so you can mount an inclined hood at a lower height than a direct option.
Manufacturers are recommended for installation to focus on the following distances between the stove and the hood:
It is very important when choosing an inclined type hift in advance to the location of the kitchen wall in advance. So that there are no problems in installing an exhaust device.
Horizontal hoods are often used to arrange ventilation in the kitchen. When choosing this type, it is necessary to take into account not only the power of the device, but also the growth of people living in the house.
If necessary, installation at high altitude, it is necessary to take into account the height of the ceilings. Will there be enough heights to connect the hood with the ventilation duct.
Manufacturers recommend focus on the following values from the surface of the plate:
These are the recommended values of the installation distance, they can not be adjusted much so as not to experience inconvenience during its use and maintenance.
The same requirements are imposed on the installation of island types of hoods. It is necessary to calculate in advance the distance from the hood to the hob, so that there are no difficulties during the installation.
Arrangement of the duct
The duct should not be with a large number of bends, as this will significantly complicate the withdrawal of contaminated air. It is desirable that the pipes are short, straight and contain a small number of knees. Changing the direction of the duct is carried out in a place with a large bending radius. The diameter of the outlet pipe must correspond to the hole in the design of the exhaust device. It is not recommended to deliberately narrow the holes and mount the connecting elements between them. This complicates the free flow of air, respectively, a large load on the operating engine of the hood is created. Excessive noise may occur.
Most often, these designs are made of thick foil, and then masked by PVC with boxes/drywall so as not to violate the interior of the room.
What else to take into account when installing?
Before installation, you should take into account the features of connecting the device to the network.
Any hood is connected to the mains. Therefore, the socket should be installed at height 2.2.5 meters from the floor and 15-25 cm above the hinged cabinets.
Such a socket must be with ground so that the hood does not burn due to the jumps of electricity. Never mount a rosette on the same line with an air duct. Focus somewhere 15-20 cm from him.
Also, during measurements, it is worth considering the distance to the side cabinets. Focus on 5-10 cm in both directions.
The location of the sockets in the kitchen and the subtleties of their installation with our own hands, we brought in the following material.
During the calculations, it is very important to consider all furniture and wiring in the kitchen and draw a scheme for the location of each item
For example, consider a specific situation. The dome hood must be installed above the gas stove with 5 burners in the kitchen with an area of 31 cubic meters. m, ceilings height 2.8 m. On the stove is prepared daily, the kitchen closes with the door.
First we find out approximate power. We take 20 coefficient due to the number of captures and the frequency of use of the plate: 31 2.8 20 = 1736.
Thus, for this kitchen you need an extract with a power of at least 1800 cubic meters. m/h.
It will be a person with a height of 170 cm, the height of the plate is 75 cm, and the height of the hood is 60 cm will use the stove. Therefore, we compare all the data and get the approximate range of 77-80 cm for the height of the hood.
Such calculations are important to prevent errors during installation. But it is best if it is possible to check the conditional location of the equipment in the kitchen and the convenience of its use.