How to build a non built-in dishwasher. types of dishwashers, practical installation
Installing a dishwasher into your finished kitchen is no longer a luxury, but a deliberate necessity. Installation will take no more than an hour, but the time saved on dishwashing will be much more. Especially if there are children in the family, and lunch-dinners in full are a constant pleasant tradition for you.
The first step is to decide what size dishwasher is best for your kitchen. There are three most common solutions.
It’s installed directly in the niche, and once installed will be part of the kitchen set: the tone facade cleverly disguises the machine as an ordinary cabinet, so it always looks seamless in the interior. Read about the secrets of choosing a stylish and ergonomic kitchen set here
- Such a built-in most often requires thinking at the stage of installation of the kitchen set;
- it is not always possible to build in a dishwasher according to all safety rules due to lack of space.
You can build in any sink section. Simply remove the old unit and fill it with the machine. Often there is a compartment directly under the sink. The advantage of this solution is the close proximity of all connections: less fuss with hoses and wires.
Another alternative is to the right or left of the sink. You’ll have to worry about connecting the hoses, but you don’t have to build them up too much.
Any built-in solution is always a compromise: You have to sacrifice, for example, storage space for kitchen utensils.
If the configuration of your kitchen set has a pronounced foam module, the optimal place for the DustBuster is there. At least this solution fits in completely with the logic of the average housewife’s user interface.
Most full-size dishwashers come in 60 cm wide. It matches the default width of any kitchen cabinets, and you don’t have to do any additional work to adapt the module to the appliances.
If it is impossible to install the dishwasher into one of the modules of the kitchen set, you can always place it in a free place and connect it by a standard scheme, for example in the kitchen-living room.
If you want to use the top as a countertop, just look for the right material and form the top with a solid sheet of. You can safely put all sorts of things on it.
One of the most convenient and rational variants is to place a free-standing dishwasher under the countertop. Yes, there is no masking, but the machine does not take much space in the kitchen. A good solution, especially for those who have a very small amount of usable space.
It’s a good idea to place such a machine right next to the supply lines. And bad when not: because it will be necessary to hide the hoses and supply lines, which is not always possible to do cleanly.
Freestanding dishwashers can be placed simply next to the cabinet. In this case, they will become a direct continuation of it.
A great option for small families, where it is extremely unsustainable in terms of energy consumption to place a large unit. Comfortable and does not spoil the interior at all.
Table-top models are usually placed directly beside the sink or placed against a corner if you want to optimize space. The water supply is carried out as standard: through a hose connected to the back.
That’s why the biggest headache when placing a countertop dishwasher is to find a place on the surface that makes it easy to connect it to the water and power supply without any loss of aesthetics in the kitchen.
The size of desktop machines. from quite tiny “tiny” to quite weighty units. Sometimes the latter simply can not be placed organically in the interior, so as an alternative, it is better to use built-in options.
How to build a non-built-in dishwasher. installation conditions
Before you can buy and install a dishwasher, you need to find the right place for it.
The freestanding units are the easiest to use. even a little free space on the floor or table is enough for them. But what if you’re planning to buy a built-in model, which can be hidden behind a decorative panel?
The main advantage of built-in kitchen equipment is its “invisibility”. Powerful, versatile units that hide behind furniture fronts without cluttering the interior with technology
Arm yourself with a construction tape measure and check which cabinets are suitable for the installation of the PMT. Learn the dimensions of dishwashers is not difficult. the information is available on the official websites of stores that sell home appliances.
Please note. In the manufacture of machines manufacturers are guided by the height of the person, the size of the furniture, respectively, and adapt their models to the same standards.
For example, most of the dishwashers of well-known brands have a width of 60 cm (598 mm to be exact) or 45 cm (448 mm). 45-centimeter models are called narrow, and they have more opportunities for integration into the finished kitchen.
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Functionally and by the number of programs narrow dishwashers are not inferior to wide machines, so sometimes it makes sense to analyze the proposals of this type of equipment
Narrow models, as a rule, have a height of 815 mm to 875 mm, which is equal to the standard height of kitchen tables and cabinets.
If the set is made to order, the level of countertops may be lowered for technical reasons, such as preventing a pipe, etc. That’s why accurate measurement is essential. just one extra centimeter can be decisive.
The depth of the machines is 550 mm. Several centimeters are left over for the convenient connection of hoses and wires so that they do not get pinched.
There is a category of compact machines, which differ from full-size machines in height. For ease of use, they are usually built into the upper modules.
Average dimensions of the compact machine: 550x500x438 (WxHxV). In contrast to the freestanding model, the built-in model requires a furniture module suitable in size
Video instructions for installing Bosch Built-in Dishwashers
If you have found a suitable size cabinet, then do not forget to take into account the location of communications:
Additional electrical cable, if necessary, can be laid, and you can hardly move the pipes in an already finished kitchen, so the place of installation of the machine is usually chosen next to the sink. that is where the main nodes of water supply and waste removal are concentrated.
If at least one of the conditions is not met, for example, there is no suitable module or can not get close to the communications, then you will have to postpone the purchase of a built-in dishwasher or think about remodeling the kitchen.
How to build in a 45 cm dishwasher. features of building in
Dishwasher allocate a place in the table or install it on the floor. For the recessed model will need a kitchen cabinet. This kind of technology has a number of advantages:
It does not overload the kitchen interior with technical details. This is especially important if the room has small dimensions. To ensure its continuous, trouble-free, and safe operation, you must make sure the appliance is grounded.
This measure will prevent electric shock. Drain hose must be longer than 2.5 meters. If the length is shorter, there will be an increased load on the work of the discharge pump.
You can not build the appliance under the hob. To protect the countertop from steam, you can fence it off with a metal plate.
Choice of location depending on the species
There are wide and narrow dishwashers. The first unit is a little less than 60 cm wide, the second just under 45 cm. For a small-sized kitchen, a narrow machine is more suitable.
The depth and height of the appliance must be taken into account. Often kitchen sets, which are made to order, differ from the standards by the depth of cabinets and the height of the countertop. You need to be careful, because if you make a mistake of only 1 cm, you will not be able to insert the technique.
You could put in another furniture unit. But in this case you need to think about how to secure the appliances between the two cabinets. The dishwasher can’t be inserted as close as possible to the depth. Must leave some distance to lead the wires and hoses.
Manufacturers also produce very compact appliances, which differ in height. Such models are mainly placed in furniture modules, which are located in the second row, not on the floor.
The appliance must be supplied with power from the nearest power socket. The operation of the machine is impossible without clean, cold water. Not far away should be a water pipe with a threaded connection.
Used dirty water will be discharged into the drain, so there must be a nearby pipe with the possibility of connecting another point of drain.
Connecting the recessed dishwasher
Many jobs can be done by yourself. But there are some that should be performed by professionals with experience and permission to perform them. This applies to work related to electricity: wiring and installation of the socket.
Installation in a prepared place
Before you install the dishwasher in the finished kitchen, you need to make sure that you can easily fit it in the prepared place, and the side or back will be an area for the hoses. First place the appliance in front of the prepared area.
Hoses that are installed in it, through the holes, pull through to the place of sewage and water supply, and the power cord. to the socket. Next, install the unit in the chosen location, making sure that the length of the hoses and cord is sufficient.
Installation is performed in accordance with the supplied step-by-step instructions of the specific model. You can also read forums and watch videos. Consistently fasten the parts that are included in the kit:
If the dishwasher body is unevenly positioned, correct by adjusting the height of the feet. Some appliance manufacturers, such as Electrolux, Bosch, and others, include a noise shield with the kit, which must be attached to the bottom.
At the end, the door of the appliance is closed with a facade or a special decorative cover. Fit the front parts and fix them with self-tapping screws.
Connecting the power supply
It is impossible to pull through the mains filter, so the appliance is connected to the closest power point. The cord has a standard length. about 1.The power supply socket must therefore be located no further away than 5 m.
No extension cords should be used, since they wouldn’t be able to withstand the strain and would melt. It is forbidden to use common sockets, in which other appliances are included. It is best to allocate a separate point for the dishwasher, use grounded sockets with a separate packet.
The latter serves to protect against short circuits and overloading of the network. Do not build a power point close to the floor, if there is flooding, there will be a short circuit. The distance from the floor to the place where the machine is located should be more than 25 cm.
Connection to the sewer
In order for the PMM to drain the used water, it is connected to the sewage system. There are several methods. The first way is to connect to the sink drain system.
If it is impossible to attach the hose directly to the sewage pipe, it is mounted in this way. In this case it is necessary to change the siphon, so this option is considered expensive and time-consuming.
Another method is very simple. It consists of attaching the hose from the dishwasher to the collar of the drainpipe. For fixing, a special tape is used, which provides an excellent sealing. This method is used if there is a free opening under the sink.
The connection to the water supply
Most models can be connected to hot water, but experts do not advise doing this, because it is not of good quality. This will adversely affect both people’s health and the appliance itself, which will fail faster.
Before connecting to the water mains, the water in the riser pipe must be shut off. To install the tee, unscrew the faucet hose. The faucet is installed to one of the inputs of the splitter, to the other. a cleaning filter.
Mount the ball valve of the shut-off type. The hose that comes from the dishwasher is connected to the faucet. The joints are sealed with a special tape. It prevents water from leaking.
Mounting the “façade”
The front side of the built-in dishwasher must be covered with a panel. As for the front, it must be made in accordance with the design of the room.
A special fixing element and moulding, which are necessary for the installation of the panel, are supplied with such appliances. It is mainly made to order. The front can easily be assembled by yourself.
Take a sheet of paper, on it mark all the necessary places and zones where you want to install the clips. This model is attached to the front door, and the decor panel is marked. Using a normal bradawl, mark out the required places.
Then the paper sheet is removed and the holes for screws are drilled. Placing the front door handle and clips in their proper places. These instructions are suitable for the installation of all front panel sizes.
After the panel is assembled, it is put in place. On the door of the dishwasher you fix the decorative element and screw the prepared self-tapping screws.
How to build a dishwasher 60 cm with your own hands
You can install the dishwasher yourself. There is nothing complicated about it. But if you are facing this for the first time, you better be well prepared before you get the box with the unit home.
You need to understand where and how you will do the installation. What knowledge and skills you will need to do it. What tools do you need?
What problems you may encounter. What you need to make sure your self-installed and purchased dishwasher works long and reliably.
Preparing your kitchen to install a dishwasher
Start preparing by choosing a place in your kitchen. The size of the opening of the section should match the width of the box of the machine.
For example, a 45 centimeter wide recessed dishwasher should fit freely into the opening you choose and not leave very large gaps. Here you may encounter two options:
If the furniture in your kitchen is new and modern, then you should have no problems with installation. All modern kitchen cabinets and cavities are standardized and assume built-in kitchen appliances. You won’t have to rework anything to fit the dishwasher.
And if you bought your kitchen furniture a long time ago, you might not have any suitable ready-made options for installation. So be prepared to work a little with a tape measure, hammer, hacksaw and other tools.
Keep in mind that 45 cm and 60 cm wide built-in dishwashers are the most common on the market. They can be different heights. But all of them are equipped with extendable legs.
Top tips for proper installation
Very useful information on how to build a dishwasher can be found in the rules and recommendations from the manufacturers. For example, the Bosch 45 cm wide built-in dishwasher comes with a whole set of instructions.
Before you start installing it yourself, find all the available information. Watch a couple of videos on how to do the installation and connection. You have to do everything correctly and competently.
- Earthing must be done. This is an obligatory norm.
- The length of the discharge hose must not exceed 1.5 meters. Otherwise the pressure pump can quickly fail as a result of the increased load.
- You can’t put a dishwasher under the cooktop.
- Be sure to install the protective metal plate under the countertop. It will protect it from hot steam and keep it from swelling and warping.
Remember, a mistake can cost you money. It will be unpleasant to flood the neighbors with water or get a mild electric shock in the absence of a properly made grounding. Pay close attention.
Tools and supplies
To build a dishwasher, you will need the following set of tools:
If you need to increase the length of pipes, prepare everything you need in advance.
To seal the threaded connections it is recommended to use oakum. They are stronger and more durable than rubber gum tape.
Where you can put the dishwasher to be convenient, safe and beautiful
There are several options to properly organize the location of the dishwasher:
- Under the oven. In the kitchen, where the oven is in the hinged cabinets, there are drawers at waist level. They can be removed and on this place placed kitchen appliances.
- Inside the cabinet. In this case, if the set has many drawers and shelves. By removing them and the back of the kitchen, the dishwasher can be placed in the cabinet. This will save space, the interior will be preserved. It is important that there is plenty of space for appliances in the headset.
- Table. If there is a lot of space on the countertop, which is not used for cooking. On the table, it is better to place the kitchen appliances in a horizontal position under the hinged cabinets.
- Near the socket (for the dishwasher is better to do separately), sewer, water pipes. It will make it easier to put the dishwasher in the interior. When the pipes are far away from the machinery, you need to buy hoses, which have a high price. They also create a flooding situation for the downstairs neighbors in the event of a breakage.
- At least 25 cm away from the oven. Manufacturers have different estimates: from 15 to 40 cm. If the instructions do not specify the exact distance, it is enough to lay 25 cm.
Where to place the socket in a small kitchen for the dishwasher
There are no any rules about the location of outlets for the dishwasher. Still, you should listen to the advice of experts in this work. The main recommendation for installation: the socket is located in the place where water can not get.
But much depends on the type of dishwasher, its installation.
If you buy built-in appliances, in this situation, the outlet is best located below the floor cabinets about 10 cm from the floor.
In the case where the dishwasher can stand alone and be installed on the kitchen countertop, the block of outlets.
Its location is defined as follows: 10 cm above the edge of the kitchen countertop. If the dishwasher is too heavy and stands next to the cabinet, it is recommended to place the outlet 30 cm from the floor, on either side of the machine.
But despite the situation, such a technique is located about a meter from the socket. Other features of the problem of location are solved individually: the type of outlet, the type of dishwasher, the garnish, the layout of the room, everything must be taken into account.
The choice of a place to put the dishwasher is up to the apartment owner. One can only wish to be guided by common sense.
In a cabinet
To arrange the machine will have to remove the back wall and drill a side wall to make conduits for communications.
In the niche
The niche can be at the bottom or among the cabinets. Again, the choice rests on the water supply and the need to hide the hoses.
In the corner cabinet
In the corner of the kitchen space is rarely used effectively, so you want to put there dishwasher. Many people do not advise doing this because of the uncomfortable position of the doors.
On the countertop
It’s easy to put mini-models on top. You can run hoses through the countertop and don’t have to worry about hookups every time you need to wash dishes.
Under the countertop
A classic option for the recessed and freestanding model. Installed when a kitchen unit is being installed or into pre-assembled furniture.
Under the sink
Under the sink, you can fit small appliances, and maybe even all of the included chemicals. Near the source of water and the drain is a plus. Herein lies the danger. Equipment can be damaged if water leaks from the sink.
On the window sill
There is a problem with access to the water supply and sewer. The window sill will need to be remodeled. If the sink is under a window, a shallow dishwasher can be placed on top, the faucet can be used as a water source, and a drain can be attached to the sink.
Under the cooktop
If every nook and cranny in a small kitchen is occupied, it might be worth getting rid of something. For example, replace a full-size stove with an oven with a cooktop. On the vacated space is safer to move the cabinet from the sink with its contents, and the washing machine will settle in its proper place, next to the node of water supply.
Where to put the dishwasher if there is no space in the kitchen?
The small kitchen is a problem for the owners to find a place for the automatic dishwashing machine. The most common suggestion on the forums is the bathroom.
On the one hand, there is everything for the equipment. On the other hand, instead of dragging the dishes, you can simply wash them by hand. Nothing will break on the way and there is no need to spend money on equipment, which, by the way, has no protection from the constant dampness of the bathroom.
Installing the dishwasher must follow basic rules:
- Nearby communications. socket outlet, sewage drain, water pipe;
- The connection is made to cold water;
- to the sources of heat, radiation, such as radiators, oven, refrigerator, microwave oven, observes a distance of 40-50 cm
- the washing machine is isolated in a separate niche, so as not to transmit vibration to the walls of the dishwasher.
Dishwasher next to a refrigerator is more likely to damage the latter. The walls of the oven are very hot, and the refrigerator is designed for a certain ambient air temperature.
- on a surface with a slope;
- against the wall;
- into the edge of the cabinet without side mounting;
- with an extension cord;
- without grounding the outlet.
Professional furniture installers traditionally give the place under the PM next to the sink. If the water and drain pipes are extended, you can place it in any convenient location. It is not recommended to extend the hoses. In this case the manufacturer does not guarantee the reliable operation of the equipment.
After preparing the chosen site, carefully reading the manual of the PMM can proceed to the installation with their own hands:
- Necessary holes are drilled in the walls of the niche, cabinet for routing cables and hoses.
- To protect the countertop material from swelling, a protective film is glued directly near the future location of the machine door.
- Install the connections to the connection point.
- The recessed dishwasher is installed in the niche. The height of the feet is adjusted to match the horizontal level and ensure the lid is firmly connected to the countertop.
- After tightening the hoses, securing the fasteners to the countertop and side panels of the cabinet, the decorative door lid is hinged.
- After checking connections, checking alignment, the machine can be tried out without load.
Freestanding appliances also sometimes want to hide. The box under the PMT must not only hold the cabinet and hoses. Often do not take into account the door hinges on furniture, and they can cause a lot of trouble.
Diagrams and drawings
Before buying, think about the size and weight of the machine in relation to the location. To do this, take all measurements on site. The cabinet under the recessed oven must be larger, but not too spacious. An example on the plan below.
The place of connection to the network should be chosen in advance, no further than 1.5 m from the machine. The optimum location is a socket behind the dishwasher on the right or left at a height of 30-40 cm from the floor.
The diagram below shows a rear view of the traditional location of the equipment next to the sink.
The right place to install the automatic washer and dryer
If you have not chosen a 2-in-1 model, it is not recommended to install the automatic dishwasher next to other electronic appliances. It is recommended to maintain a clearance of at least 15 centimeters from the gas hob.
The ideal place for the location will be the space between several drawers, which will securely hold the dishwasher.
It is a good idea to place the automatic washer and dryer near a sink. This will simplify the installation and connection to the plumbing. You can see in advance how the dishwasher looks like on the photo in the interior of a modern kitchen, even at the stage of selection.
Advantages and disadvantages of a small dishwasher
These designs can usually be placed anywhere in the kitchen area. They are a mobile design with minimal weight.
These models are equipped with several operating modes.
As for the number of items the dishwasher can hold, its capacity includes one set of tableware. It can accommodate several pots and pans of minimum size.
It helps to save water and electricity. Its power is able to cope with dirty household items in minutes.
Stylish design of a modern dishwasher, fits well in any space.
Such a small-sized model, it is not recommended to use it more than once a day. The fact that it can not withstand heavy loads.
There are more pros than cons to this model. The main disadvantage of such a portable dishwasher, is considered its small capacity.
The main criteria for choosing appliances
Before you go shopping for a dishwasher, it is advisable to first familiarize yourself with the technical structure of the kitchen space.
For normal operation of the household appliance, you need a separate drain hose and an additional outlet. If properly connected, the machine will run smoothly for many years, just pour the right chemicals and salt into the right compartment. If a malfunction should occur, you should contact a service center, for example https://master911.ua/service/remont-posudomoechnoy-mashiny, where you will have qualified assistance.
- the amount of water used;
- the size of the model;
- protection against possible leaks;
- Numerous functionalities.
Expensive models, have a large selection of different functions that help in the process of washing the dishes.
Such models are good at saving electricity and water consumption.
There are convenient hinged shelves, for a large number of items. The budget version does not have many useful options.
The model is a construction with several shelves for the dishes. As a rule, they have less power, which affects the duration of washing.
Connecting the oven to the kitchen wiring
Connecting kitchen appliances to the network, remember that it is necessary to provide the room with an outlet with grounding (euro socket). The dishwasher will work if plugged into an ordinary socket, but then it is not covered by the warranty.
Basic electrical connection requirements:
- The new socket with grounding.
- Distance from the floor 25-35 cm. This access point is calculated by the developers.
- Circuit breaker (16A).
- Stabilizer. will protect the appliances from the effects of voltage fluctuations. Some brands (for example, “Bosch”), most often models with electronic control fail due to power surges.
Connecting to the water mains
To organize the water supply will need a tee with a faucet, which should be screwed into the place where the pipe with cold water comes to the kitchen faucet, under the sink. These tees are sold in plumbing stores. You can choose the size, material and design you want.
How to attach the water supply hose
Attach the water supply hose along with the Aquastop system (if equipped) to the T-piece. If the diameter does not match, use an adapter, which is also easy to find on sale.
Never connect the device to hot water (unless allowed by the manufacturer in the instructions). The wrong water temperature can cause the temperature sensor and other elements to break.
How to install a freestanding machine under the countertop
Above, I told you that the easiest way to install the dishwasher in a free-standing cabinet. If there is one, it is time to free it from the kitchen utensils. Check its dimensions. If it is slightly larger than the parameters of the technique and stands no farther than one and a half meters from the communications, then it will definitely fit.
To use the old cabinet, you must remove the walls, fixtures and shelves inside, the base. Next is the connection of the hoses. One leads to the siphon, the other leads to a tee in the pipe.
Carry out an initial run of the machine to check if it works properly. If everything is in order, then you can slide in the technique, hang the facade and operate the model in the home.
Dishwasher installation errors
If you follow the instructions or use the tips from the article, you won’t get anything wrong. It’s worth voicing the main mistakes that can happen during the installation of the dishwasher.
- Do not install the unit too tightly against the wall. If you do so, then the close contact won’t hurt the machine much. This is where the hoses suffer, which are being squeezed. Because of this, water circulation is disrupted, a poor supply leads to a decrease in the quality of washing. Some models show a program error on the scoreboard, that the function does not start. By removing the blockage, you will get the dishwasher back to work.
- Water leaks due to negligence during installation. You can not adjust the height of the legs without a special level. If a problem is detected, the easiest thing to do is adjust the legs. It will be harder if you have to fully extend the machine and re-level everything.
- If the socket is too close to the sink, there is a risk of a short circuit. Such mistakes are made only by non-professionals, trying to do everything themselves. You can’t take the risk. Water and current should not be close to each other to avoid fires, short circuits and injuries.
Many stores that sell dishwashers offer handyman installation services. If you do not doubt that you can do the installation yourself, then there is an opportunity to save some money.
Otherwise, use the services of a furniture maker, who will find the best place for installation, help to attach the facade, make connections and test run.