Standard wash modes
The following washing modes are found in almost every washing machine. They may have slightly different names, but the basic idea is the same.
- Cotton is probably the most common washing mode, which is present in every automatic washing machine. It is used to wash heavily soiled bedding or cotton clothes at 95°C. Washing is not usually fast, and spins up at the maximum spin speed allowed by the machine.
- Synthetics is the second most popular washing program, and refers to washing synthetic fabrics in a washing machine at 60°C or less. As with the “cotton” program, the washing takes a long time and uses the maximum number of revolutions.
- The manual mode is also a very common feature of washing machines, which allows you to wash delicate fabrics very gently. For example, using this mode is good for washing tulle in a washing machine. Washing is usually performed at a temperature of 30-40 ° C. The drum rotates slowly and very gently. No spin.
- Delicate washing is similar to a hand wash, and is intended for washing delicate fabrics, but, on some models, can have a spin cycle. You can read more about delicate washing separately.
- The quick washer in the washing machine is for lightly soiled clothes and is just right for freshening up your closet. Washing is very fast, usually under 30 minutes, at low temperatures. The maximum spin speed is used. It may also be called “Express”, “Daily Wash”, “15 Minutes” and similar.
- Intensive washing. as is clear from the name, this mode is designed for very dirty fabrics. It is not recommended to wash delicate fabrics on this program. к. It washes at temperatures up to 90°C.
- Prewash. this mode in the washing machine implies two consecutive washes. Usually the tray is filled with powder in two compartments (for the main and prewash), which is used twice. The machine washes the laundry for the first time, using powder from one section, after the first wash is complete, there is a second wash with powder from the second section. This program is designed for very dirty and stubborn dirt.
- Economy wash (ECO). this can be an individual mode or an additional feature for the standard wash programs. It is a wash cycle where water is not heated much and the use of water is minimal. The washing machine uses it most economically in terms of water and electricity. It is also called the eco mode in the washing machine.
- Wool. also present on most washing machines and designed exclusively for washing woolen items. The machine, in this mode, very gently washes at a low temperature. No spin cycle.
How to wash by hand
Almost every home has a washing machine. Such a piece of equipment allows you to significantly ease household chores and give extra time for other more pleasant things. But having a washing machine in the house does not mean that we can completely abandon hand washing. In fact, this method is sometimes just necessary. Such situations arise, for example, when the washing machine is out of order, and it takes time to repair it. But the most common reason for washing by hand is the products themselves, the fabric of which may be too delicate and capricious. For example, sometimes it’s better to wash woollens by hand than to risk letting them in the washing machine. Let’s take a closer look at the question. How to wash things by hand while maintaining their attractiveness.
Details about delicate washing in the washing machine
Modern washing machines are equipped with a bunch of different programs that are designed for different fabrics. One of these programs in the washing machine is delicate washing. This program is particularly in demand among washing machine users. к. allows you to wash things gently. But let’s find out if delicate washing is actually a program that can be trusted to wash laundry made of delicate fabrics? Or it’s just a marketing ploy.
The manual mode allows you to wash your favourite items gently and without damaging them
In this washing mode, the drum speed is maximally reduced, and the spin function is virtually absent or works at the lowest speed, which helps preserve the shape and appearance of things.
When washing in this mode, a number of conditions must be observed, failure to comply with which may result in machine damage or deterioration of the clothes:
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- Recommended drum load: half of the maximum load (for example, if the maximum load of the machine is 5 kg, then in “manual mode” you need to put in the drum no more than 2.5 kg of laundry);
- Recommended water temperature: not more than 30-40 degrees.
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When the washing machine is running half-empty, clothes rinse better from detergent residue and wrinkle less. And the temperature within 30-40 degrees will save clothes made of delicate fabrics.
Additional features of modern washing machines
We have already figured out what hand washing in a washing machine means, and what an intensive washing. That’s not all you can encounter with modern appliances. There are other useful features as well:
- Delayed activation. A very handy feature that allows you to set the machine the time at which it should start washing. For example, you can put the washing on a couple of hours before you get home from work, and by the time you return things will already be washed. just take them out of the drum and hang to dry.
- Half load. If you need a quick wash in the washing machine, but not enough laundry, you can activate this function to increase the washing efficiency and not damage the machine.
- Water control. This feature monitors the amount of water needed to efficiently soak the laundry and does not pump in too much, therefore saving energy on heating.
- Spin balancing. As you know, the spin is a high dynamic load. Balancing function allows to reduce vibrations and noise during spinning. This function works quite simply. first the drum is spun up slowly until the items lie evenly on its surface, and then the main spinning stage begins at high speed.
- Water transparency control. This feature may slightly increase the washing time in the washing machine, but greatly improves economy and washing efficiency. A special sensor literally shines through the water and if after rinsing the transparency level is lower than normal the procedure is repeated. This improves rinsing and makes things cleaner after washing.
- Spin control. Modern washing machines are able to set the appropriate spin speed based on the selected mode and load parameters of the drum.
- Timer. The machine with a timer shows the user the time until the end of the washing process.
- Trouble diagnosis. If something goes wrong with the normal wash mode and temperature, the machine performs a self-diagnosis and displays an error code on the screen. allowing you to know the cause of the malfunction.
And even these are not all the functions that are available in modern washing machines. They have long ceased to be just a device for washing. now they are great at wringing and even drying the washed items. Hostesses have fewer and fewer obligations. simply put the things and turn on the desired mode.
Washing modes: how they really differ?
When buying a new washing machine, equipped with 12-14 washing modes, we actually use only 4-5. This happens because some of the modes duplicate each other, and sometimes it is not obvious from the name, what this or that kind of washing may serve. And the manual in this situation is not always helpful.
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So, you have a beautiful modern washing machine, you are happy with it, of course, you are happy with it too. But once you start using it, you are surprised that out of 12 washing modes you actually use only 5: Daily, Mixed, Delicate, Wool and Quick. All the other options are left out. This is partly understandable, since we do not wash outerwear or comforters every day, for instance, and partly due to the fact that the names of modes are quite unclear. Let’s try to understand the difference and what for.
Of course, different manufacturers call their modes differently, but all types of washing can be divided into three groups:
- programs, the characteristics of which vary depending on the type of laundry;
- programs aimed at saving (water or electricity. it does not matter);
- Health care programs (for example, washing for allergic people, children, washing with hot water, etc.).).
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Many years ago, women had to do the washing by hand, without the handy automated tools. Today, progress has stepped far ahead, greatly facilitating the washing procedure. However, hand washing has retained its relevance today. Often you can see a sign on the clothes label “hand wash”, which means that in this case we should wash them gently, delicately, and without aggressive detergents. Unwittingly a question arises, what is the purpose of using this mode?
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Such a wash is used for clothing made of natural wool, viscose, cashmere, fabrics trimmed with lace, beads, ruffles, rhinestones and similar ornaments.
Manual washing function in Gorenje washing machines
Wear often clothes made of wool, silk and other delicate fabrics that require special care? Then you need a Gorenje washing machine with a manual washing function. During this delicate program, the water temperature is a maximum of 40 degrees. The final spin is very short and is performed at no more than 800 rpm.
The following tips will help to properly use the delicate washing mode:
- Lace fabrics can only be washed on the delicate programme. Articles should be soaked for several hours in a warm baking soda solution. Use a wash bag for this purpose. Thin cloths are sewn onto regular fabric and sent in to be washed together.
- Items made of silk or cashmere are washed separately from other fabrics. This ensures the fabric is soft and delicate.
- To prevent clothes from fading, before washing they are divided into white, black and colored.
- Delicate garments should not be left in water for too long. They will deform and change size. Wool garments are especially susceptible to these changes.
- Don’t leave clothes in the washer after you wash them. Take them out immediately and dry them on a flat surface. Otherwise it may shrink or become misshapen.
- Do not load the machine more than the instructions say or wash one thing.
- To prevent color from fading, you should use a detergent for darker garments.
- Hard water with chlorine leaves white streaks on things. Soap base seems to be badly washed. Be sure to use conditioner to soften water and laundry.
- You can use a cotton pillowcase without a colorful pattern instead of a washcloth bag.
- Before washing, it is advisable to read the information on the label. It says in more detail under what conditions to do it.