What dishes are suitable for induction plates?
Induction hobs are designed to simplify the cooking process and reduce electricity consumption. They are effective, compact and stylishly decorated. The level of operation of the device directly depends on the quality and characteristics of the dishes, which is used during cooking. To avoid disappointment in newly acquired technology, you should pay attention to the existing inventory and weed out that which is not suitable for the hob.
And what are the disadvantages and whether they are?
What dishes are suitable for hobs?
The assortment of utensils and all kinds of “buns” for cooking is so diverse that it will not be difficult to choose the right one in characteristics and is not like.
From stainless steel
The teapots and saucepan shining with metal glosses have long and firmly settled in our kitchens. They look beautiful, combined with many styles and, most importantly, are suitable for all types of plates. Simplicity in operation and accessibility made dishes from the “stainless steel”, perhaps the most popular.
It is suitable for electric stoves, but in the case of glass ceramic it is better if it has such features:
- A multilayer thickened bottom. Exclusion of deformation, uniform heating;
- non-stick coating;
- Ferromagnetic bottom (for induction pet).
This material is perfect for operation on ceramics. It is worth a reservation right away: there are no prohibitions. You can use cast.iron utensils on the glass.ceramic plate. But carefully! The whole thing is in weight: there is always a risk of accidental damage to the ceramic hob with a heavy saucepan or fried.
There are problems with oxidation, but everything is solved by the purchase of cast.iron dishes with an enameled surface. We can not disagree that the food is especially tasty in cast iron, and over time, the material becomes anti.stick.
Attention! When choosing, pay attention to the state of the bottom. Often cast.iron dishes are not famous for ideal forms (with the exception of premium). Make sure it is perfectly even, has no chips and defects.
Emalya dishes attracts with its brightness and interesting design. Often we have associations with grandmother’s pots in a flower, but modern enameled dishes can become a real highlight of the kitchen!
You can use this dishes on a glass.ceramic stove under some conditions:
- The manufacturer indicated compatibility with this type of plates;
- even flat bottom with sufficient thickness or multi.layer;
- lack of enameled coating at the bottom.
Aluminum is too soft and is not suitable for glass ceramics. Honestly, for any stove, buying such utensils is not the most reasonable investment. Another thing is if aluminum dishes are covered with Teflon, and even better. if a cast steel bottom is made. Of course, it looks very modern and aesthetic, and for many housewives this is an important factor! Such aluminum dishes on the glass.ceramic plate will not leave spots, it is convenient and durable to use (if you observe all operating conditions).
Ceramics and heat.resistant glass
We mentioned that heat.resistant glass and ceramics heat up for a long time. This is good for baking in the oven. Ceramic pots, cocoons and heat.resistant containers do a great job of their task, helping to prepare the most important baked dishes. But for an electric stove, this is not the most reasonable choice. Such a container can have a perfectly even bottom and sufficient weight for a tight fit, but it will not work to heat it quickly! Since we are now not indifferent to the bills for utilities, a whim of having glass or ceramic dishes for a glass of glass ceramics can hit the family budget. Verdict is inappropriate.
What dishes are suitable for glass.ceramic stove?
Well, finally, having already figured out what dishes are suitable for glass.ceramic slabs, we will tell you another advice on caring for it: before installing a new plate, try to carefully wipe the bottoms of the pots and frying pans that are already available in the farm and prevent the appearance of soot and adhering food on them in future. This will help you avoid the appearance of soot on the glass ceramics itself and extend the life of a new stove.
What dishes cannot be used
In order for the technique to serve for a long time and uninterruptedly, not only proper care is needed, but also suitable dishes. To do this, exclude the use of:
- Old kitchen inventory, which has a deformed bottom or rust. Products with a rough or curved base are not suitable. All this scratches the hob and reduces its life.
- Aluminum and copper. Sleeps or pots from these metals are melted when heated and leave a mark on the panel that cannot be hidden or removed.
- Dirty utensils. Polluted dishes getting the equipment. There is a high probability of scratches.
- Small volume containers. A burner may not turn on or work wrong.
Features of the hob
To understand what dishes can be used on a glass.ceramic hob, you need to figure out what parts are responsible for the operation of the fire. Under the heating zone “hid” elements of heating of different types: tape, halogen, induction. Each of them has its own characteristics and nuances:
- Ribbon or hi-light fireplaces. These are spiral elements consisting of corrugated metal ribbons of high resistance. Heating and cooling occurs within a few seconds. The work of such a burner is silent, all pollution, except for syrups and sugar, are easily removed. It is characterized by increased energy consumption, the surface of the heating zone has a high temperature, careless treatment can lead to serious burns. This type is currently the most common due to high reliability during operation and ease of care.
- Halogen burners. Energy consumption is the same as that of Hi-Light models, but the service life is much less. The surface heating occurs almost instantly due to spiral tubes filled with halogen steam. One of the advantages is the possibility of changing the size of the burner. The hob of this type has practically no restrictions on the materials of the kitchen utensils used.
- Induction flaxes. They differ in that the surface does not heat up, the effect goes directly to the dishes used for cooking. Heating occurs due to the interaction of electromagnetic coil and current. As a result, a vortex flow acting on the bottom is created, bypassing the surface. To make food on such a stove, you can put only those containers that are made of materials that have magnetic properties. Electricity costs are minimal compared to other types, but the required dishes are much more expensive than usual. You can also note some noise that occurs in the preparation of food.
To avoid problems with household appliances and utensils, it is advisable to adhere to the requirements of manufacturers. to select precisely those containers (pots, pans), which are designed for plates with glass.ceramic coating, and are also compatible with heating elements.
Dishes for electric stoves
For a regular glass.ceramic slab, it is easier to choose dishes than for induction. But which material is better?
The most suitable type of material for glass.ceramic electric stoves. It is durable, resistant to aggressive chemicals (alkalis, acids), warms up evenly, does not deform due to high temperatures. Easily laundered from fat and food residues using a conventional soap solution.
It is desirable that the bottom has a marking 18/10 (18%. chrome, 10%. nickel). Stainless steel with such a composition is more solid and wear.resistant.
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It is advisable to buy cast iron with a protective coating or at least special heat treatment. Otherwise, the bottom will quickly attract particles of food and fat to itself, become a rough. You can use cast.iron dishes, but it needs careful care.
Allowed as walls of the walls. It is also allowed to use aluminum pots if their bottom is thick or has a ceramic, Teflon coating.
It is undesirable to cook food on a glass.ceramic hob. Typically, enameled pots have a thin bottom, subject to deformation, and the coating is quickly covered with scratches.
The glass container looks aesthetically pleasing and suitable for use on ceramic slabs. However, food is prepared for a long time due to low thermal conductivity of the material. It is better to use glass dishes in the oven or microwave oven.
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Pay attention to manufacturer markings. If the product stands a note “for electric stoves”, this does not mean that dishes are suitable for use on a glass.ceramic hob.
What dishes will not work
Simple aluminum dishes, including with a thick bottom, since usually this metal does not magnetize. However, there is aluminum dishes with the inscription “Suitable for induction plates” or with a spiral image at the bottom.
But, even if the corresponding designation is present, you cannot cook acidic food and store in such dishes, otherwise it will become “professional.free”.
It is useless to conduct experiments with ordinary ceramic, glass, copper utensils. and indeed from anyone that cannot be magnetized. If you really like these materials, you can buy new dishes from them, but with the image of a spiral. This means that the manufacturer took care of the correct filling of the bottom.
Relatively new type of panels. induction slabs. Heating dishes in them is possible using vortex currents. They are formed under the action of the field of electromagnetic waves. There are many advantages of such plates, but unlike panels with ordinary burners, these can “recognize” the right dishes.
Features of the slab are associated with the principles of electromagnetic induction. Only thanks to vortex currents will the bottom of the dishes be warm. The heat from the heated bottom will be transmitted to the products, while the surface itself remains a little warm.
If you choose dishes that is not capable of passing electromagnetic waves, the induction process will not be. For example, if it is glass or ceramic utensils, you simply cannot cook food in it. But even the correct stainless steel dishes or cast iron may not be suitable if it does not correspond to the size of the burner. It is important that the dishes cover about 70% of the diameter of the heating element.
For example, a Turku or a small bucket on a volumetric burner simply “will not see”.
Household appliances will not work if it “considers” that the bottom of the pots put on it is uneven. Without ensuring complete fitting, the plate will simply automatically turn off.
Now special magnetic discs have appeared on sale, which are allowed to use with induction plates. You can choose different elements suitable for a specific heating zone. If you put this disk on the element, and only then install the dishes, the stove will work with any pan or frying pan. The ferromagnetic disk is made of stainless steel, it is perfectly even, thick, is not deformed when using.
The method slightly reduces the effectiveness of the everyday device itself, but frees from the acquisition of another set of dishes, for example, if a new one has already been bought, but for some reason it did not fit.
For a conventional glass-ceramic slab, it is worth choosing dishes with a minimum possible percentage of bottom reflection. Thanks to this, the container heats up much faster, the distribution occurs smoothly. The most suitable models with the bottom of a dark matte shade will be. Gloss is able to reflect thermal rays.
If the dishes have a thin bottom, it is quickly deformed, so the recommended thickness is 3 mm. Do not choose models with a too thick bottom, they will heat up for a long time.
If you choose the right kitchen utensils for glass.ceramic stove, you can extend the service life of the device. Food will be prepared quickly, and energy consumption will be rational.