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Simple solid fuel boiler for home

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TOP-20 of the best solid fuel boilers: rating 2020-2021 and how to choose the good model

With the onset of cold weather, the acquisition of a heating boiler is becoming an increasingly urgent problem for owners of private houses or workshops.

To date, there are many heating devices in stores that function both on solid and combined fuel.

solid fuel boiler

Solid fuel devices operate on a furnace of firewood, coal and other solid fuel.

Bookmark, usually through a horizontal furnace.

Some devices are equipped with additional options.

To correctly choose a heating boiler, you should take into account the features and characteristics of each model.

Types of solid fuel boilers and their features

All modern solid fuel boilers with a small share of conventionality can be divided into three main classes, each of which has characteristic technical differences:

  • Classic heating devices have an open combustion chamber for firewood, coal or fuel briquettes. Boilers of this type work on natural thrust, and the regulator for changing power is a mechanical valve control device. Boilers are, as a rule, energy.dependent, but the full time of combustion of fuel does not exceed several hours;
  • A more advanced class of heating equipment. long burning boilers. Increasing the full combustion time of fuel is achieved either by vertical fuel loading, or using coal pyrolysis or wood during fuel combustion. The operating time of such devices on one load can reach 12 hours;
  • Fully automated solid fuel boilers operate on a coal of a small fraction, for storage and supply of which a special bunker is installed on the boiler. The battery life of such devices is several days and depends only on the volume of the hopper. Pellet heating systems represent a separate type of heating technique, the review and rating of which will be presented in a separate article.

Practical tips for choosing a boiler for heating a private house

  • When calculating the required power, you can use an indicative formula. 1 kW of the heating device power is required for 10 m² of heated area;
  • Do not blindly trust the advertising indicators of the maximum combustion time of one fuel load. As a rule, the real parameters of the combustion time, at serious negative temperatures outside the window, are several times lower;
  • When choosing a power.dependent boiler for systems with natural circulation of the coolant, it is better to exclude products with a cast.iron heat exchanger. Cold return water, with an already preheated heat exchanger, can lead to the formation of cracks at the place of its supply;
  • The heating technique of prolonged burning makes very serious requirements for the quality of fuel. the maximum humidity of the firewood should not exceed 15%;
  • The volume of the drawer for the ash determines the frequency of its cleaning. the larger the volume, the less often it is necessary to remove the ash;
  • The smoke pipe of low height and the lack of ventilation of the boiler room often lead to smoke of the room due to the lack of sufficient traction. This feature determines a large number of negative reviews on various sites, but is in no way related to the quality of heating equipment;
  • Not all heating devices allow the use of non.freezing fluid as a coolant. antifreeze. It is better to consult with a specialist on this occasion or look for information on manufacturers’ sites.

Solid fuel boilers for home

Power: 9 kW, heated area: up to 50.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 440x620x850

Power: 12 kW, heated area: up to 80.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 440x620x930

Power: 10 kW, heated area: up to 100.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 670x480x650

Power: 13 kW, heated area: up to 130.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 900x370x580

Power: 8 kW, heated area: up to 60.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 595x420x565

Power: 18 kW, heated area: up to 120.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 1100x500x740

Power: 14 kW, heated area: up to 120.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 630x420x655

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Power: 14 kW, heated area: up to 140.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 691x448x690

Power: 20 kW, heated area: up to 200.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 900x410x580

Power: 17 kW, heated area: up to 170.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 900x370x580

For the house, solid fuel boilers are represented by 123 goods

The power of such boilers is small and does not exceed, as a rule, 35 kW

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Solid fuel boilers: wood, coal, pellet, pyrolysis

Fuel heating boilers, despite the widespread spread of natural gas, do not lose their popularity, but, on the contrary, confidently receive tremendous recognition among our compatriots.

Power: 9 kW, heated area: up to 50.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 440x620x850

Power: 12 kW, heated area: up to 80.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 440x620x930

Power: 10 kW, heated area: up to 100.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 670x480x650

Power: 13 kW, heated area: up to 130.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 900x370x580

Power: 8 kW, heated area: up to 60.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 595x420x565

Power: 18 kW, heated area: up to 120.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 1100x500x740

Power: 14 kW, heated area: up to 120.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 630x420x655

Power: 14 kW, heated area: up to 140.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 691x448x690

Power: 20 kW, heated area: up to 200.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 900x410x580

Power: 17 kW, heated area: up to 170.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 900x370x580

Depending on the material from which the heat exchanger is made, steel and cast.iron heating boilers are distinguished. Steel solid fuel boilers are resistant to temperature changes, but are subject to corrosion, which occurs, usually due to condensate. Therefore, steel boilers are less durable, and at the same time cheaper. The duration of the operation of solid fuel boilers with steel heat exchanger will depend on the quality and thickness of steel and on its proper operation.

Cast iron solid fuel boilers are more durable, due to the fact that they are not subject to corrosion, unlike steel. Their feature. prolonged heating, however, at the same time they slowly cool. The main disadvantage can be called their excessive fragility. The boiler responds significantly to temperature changes, as a result of which it is destroyed.

Hard.fuel boilers on firewood

Power: 9 kW, heated area: up to 50.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 440x620x850

solid, fuel, boiler, home

Power: 12 kW, heated area: up to 80.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 440x620x930

Power: 10 kW, heated area: up to 100.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 670x480x650

Power: 13 kW, heated area: up to 130.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 900x370x580

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Power: 8 kW, heated area: up to 60.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 595x420x565

Power: 18 kW, heated area: up to 120.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 1100x500x740

Power: 14 kW, heated area: up to 120.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 630x420x655

Power: 14 kW, heated area: up to 140.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 691x448x690

Power: 20 kW, heated area: up to 200.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 900x410x580

Power: 17 kW, heated area: up to 170.0 m 2. Power.dependent boiler, combustion chamber: open. Number of contours: single-circuit (only heating), heat exchanger: cast (steel), overall dimensions (VHSHHG): 900x370x580

On firewood, solid fuel boilers are represented by 195 goods

Heating of buildings not connected to the gas line is most often carried out by solid.fuel boilers. The most common and affordable fuel for them is firewood. Fire boilers have good efficiency, providing warmth of small cottage houses, private cottages, outbuildings, industrial buildings and much more. To prepare hot water, indirect heating boilers taking part of the thermal energy from the coolant circulating along the heating circuit are connected to them. Some models are dual.circuit

Trick.fuel boilers on wood are represented by many varieties:

  • With steel and cast.iron heat exchangers;
  • Russian and imported production;
  • With a built.in water circuit and without it;
  • Classic and pyrolysis;
  • With upper loading.

Many models can work at once on several types of fuel. for example, on firewood and coal, as well as on fuel briquettes.

The most reliable and durable are wooden boilers with cast.iron heat exchangers. They withstand temperature overloads and are resistant to corrosion. Models with steel heat exchangers are more light and are characterized by an affordable cost. Cast iron models are more expensive, but differ in a long service life.

As for efficiency, pyrolysis boilers win here. They are equipped with a secondary air influx with which unfinished gases are burned. Thanks to this, efficiency grows. Separate pyrolysis boilers operate automatically, independently adjusting the temperature of the coolant. District boilers of prolonged combustion are distinguished by ease of operation-they work on one fireplace laying up to 20-24 hours. Also on sale are models with the heating elements necessary to maintain the temperature of the coolant with a complete exhaustion of solid fuel.

You can buy hard-fuel boilers on firewood in the online store Heatwood. The catalog presents models from domestic and foreign brands, such as Alphaterm, Beretta, Teplodar, Bosch, Kentatsu, Crontif, Protherm, Stropuva and many others. Choose a model suitable in power and manufacturer, make a purchase, and we will deliver equipment in Moscow and Russia.

Solid fuel flooring of heating, single-circuit zota master-12

Tavago offers to your attention productive high.level hard.fuel boilers at the most pleasant prices. Large selection, individual approach, delivery, installation. all this awaits you only in our company. You can place an order through the site, or in telephone mode. In any case, it will take you no more than a few minutes!

What solid fuel boilers are?

Before you buy a solid fuel boiler, you need to decide which device to install. By design, boilers can be ordinary, where water is heated by combustion of firewood, and products of this burning are diverted through the pipe. There are pyrolysis solid fuel boilers for the house. In such units there is a long burning of fuel. They are also called “boilers of long burning”. Pyrolysis units provide a large duration of combustion due to the design. Burning of fuel and volatile substances is separately.

Solid fuel boiler for heating prolonged combustion requires less often loading firewood or other fuel. These devices are more economical than classic wood analogues. In such a boiler, even large firewood can be burned, the main thing is that they are dry. The combustion process is regulated by primary air, which is supplied to the boiler. For all its efficiency, the device gives good efficiency.

Fuel loading automation

The most concern when buying a solid fuel boiler is caused by inconvenience associated with loading raw materials. In our online store you can buy automated systems, including fuel feeders, which must be replenished once every few days or a week. There are two main types of autonomous solid fuel boilers:

  • With a gravitational presentation. In this case, there is a large fuel feeder above the firebox, which contains fuel for several days. Usually used wood granules or coal. Buying a solid fuel gravity boiler will cost more, but they are more convenient in operation and are available in various sizes.
  • With manual feed. This equipment is much cheaper than automated analogues, but requires frequent refueling, like a regular fireplace or stove. They do not require connection to the mains, since they do not have thermostats or other electrical components.
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You can buy a solid fuel boiler at profitable from us. We also deliver throughout Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan. We are the official dealers of products of famous world and domestic brands: Ecosystem, Ferroli, Galmet, Kentatsu, Kiturami, Lamborghini, Liepsnele, Nibe, Parpol, Protherm, Rommer, Sime, Sunsystem, Termokontur, Wibel, Wibel, Wibel, Wibel, Wibel KCM, Lemax, Pechkin, Teplodar, Evan. We carry out a full cycle of services from design to commissioning and subsequent service of equipment.

How to choose a solid fuel boiler

Heating equipment should be reliable, economical, capable of maintaining an optimal microclimate. The technique that meets these requirements is offered by domestic and foreign companies. Which solid fuel boiler is better for a private house, and which can only cope with the heating of a small cottage depends on a number of parameters taking into account when choosing a model.

The ratio of fuel consumed to the amount of health is called efficiency. There are no equipment with 100% indicators, heat loss arises from the shortage of the secreted gases, which corresponds to the appearance of soot. Part of thermal energy goes through the pipe, the other is spent on heating the walls and heat exchange with the air of the room where the equipment is installed. Reduces the efficiency of raw fuel, improper air supply.

The maximum efficiency of pyrolysis models, not only the high gas burning temperature, but also complete fuel burning, allows it to make it higher. Manufacturers increase the efficiency by installing combined thermal insulation, part of which is a water shirt. energy is spent not on air heating, but on an increase in water temperature. The higher the efficiency. the more profitable the heating system.

The number of heating contours

Models with one water circuit are designed only for heating. The double.circuit boiler will provide heat and hot water. These models are more expensive, so if necessary, it is better to use equipment with the ability to connect a boiler. It is not always comfortable to heat in the summer, in this situation a solid fuel electric boiler with a heater will help out, which will support the desired temperature in the hot water supply system.

The material of the heat exchanger

Manufacturers produce models with steel and cast.iron heat exchangers. The heat exchangers made of heat.resistant steel have a small inertia, differ in simplicity in maintenance, slight weight and resistance to mechanical damage. From steel, you can make a design of any complexity and improve the working parameters. Disadvantages. a short service life, risk of burning and low corrosion resistance.

Cast.iron sectional heat exchangers are resistant to corrosion, acids, high temperatures. Good heat transfer allows you to use small sections. Cast iron fragile material that is not resistant to sharp temperature differences. Heat exchangers have a large weight and differ in low efficiency.

Type of fuel

It is recommended to buy a boiler that works on an affordable fuel form. Automated pellet models attract functionality, but in the absence of access to pellets, you can stay in a cold house. Universal models work on stone coal and firewood. Coal burns longer, which allows you to spend a minimum of time on maintenance. Firewood is a more affordable type of fuel.

When choosing a model working on wood, the recommended size of logs should be taken into account, the ability to effectively burn raw fuel. Pyrolysis boilers function on dry wood. If there is no way to store fuel in the room with normal humidity, then such equipment will have to be abandoned.

Thermal power

You can purchase a small inexpensive boiler, but it is necessary to take into account the power of the equipment. Manufacturers necessarily indicate this characteristic in the technical documentation. The maximum area of ​​the heated room depends on thermal power. These parameters are directly dependent: there should not be more than 10 kV per 1 kW.m. premises at the height of ceilings 2.7 meters. For heating a small house at 60-70 kV.m. Enough boiler with a thermal capacity of 6-7 kW.

solid, fuel, boiler, home

Preliminary calculations are relevant for small buildings. accurate parameters should take into account the calorie content of the fuel used, the number of installed radiators, the presence of a boiler and its volume. It is recommended to order detailed calculation of thermal power from heat engineers. This will help get rid of problems during severe frosts or when using low.calorie fuel.

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