What dishes are suitable for induction plates
For the appearance of an induction panel in the house, it is necessary to prepare not only your wallet, but also the kitchen: say goodbye to the old electric or gas tiles, prepare a place to accommodate a new hob and make an audit of the dishes. What kind of pots and pans there will be a place in the updated space, and what will you have to refuse?
Unlike electric and gas slabs, the induction hob does not heat up itself, then to transfer the heat of the pan on it then. It operates on the principle of electromagnetic induction.
- When the burner is turned on, the coil located under the ceramic case of the hob, forms the magnetic field.
- The vortex current emanating from it penetrates the bottom of the dishes standing on the plate.
- Under the action of the current, the bottom heats up.
- The heat created directly in the bowl is partially transmitted to Korke back.
The advantages of the induction surface are based on this principle:
- kitchen utensils are heated very quickly;
- The time to cook food is reduced;
- less energy is consumed;
- safety increases, since the main part of the surface remains cold;
- the risk of fire is reduced;
- Care is simplified, because the food that has fallen on the panel does not burn.
In order for the induction stove to heat any object, its bottom should absorb the energy of the magnetic field. Not all substances and materials are capable of this. Therefore, the utensils used on the induction panels have special requirements. What dishes can be used?
Requirements for dishes
Below are 4 important features that should correspond to dishes for glass.ceramic stove:
What dishes can be used for the glass.ceramic hob, depends on the type of heating element. The standard plate has conventional heaters (spiral/tape), but induction coils that are heated not by the “burner” itself, but only the bottom of the dishes.
Due to the principle of their work, induction plates are compatible only with stainless steel and cast iron dishes or with a special ferromagnetic bottom (the walls of the container can be made of any material). If the bottom of the pan or pans has no magnetic properties, then the stove simply does not turn on.
But for standard glass.ceramic hobs, any utensils with a flat bottom are suitable. However, some materials are undesirable.
But not everything is so clear. It turns out that for an induction stove it is not at all necessary to buy a “special” dish, and for a regular glass.ceramic panel, on the contrary, it may have to buy a couple of pans and pots. The following plate will help to understand the question (if you look at the table on the smartphone, turn it in a horizontal position. this is how the entire table will enter the screen area).
|Stainless steel dishes||Aluminum dishes (leaves traces, can bend and slowly heats up)||Any dishes with a ferromagnetic bottom||Aluminum dishes|
|From titanium||Copper (leaves traces)||From stainless steel||Copper|
|From cast iron (as smooth as possible)||Enamel dishes (it is undesirable to use it, since enamel can leave indelible traces of heating)||From cast iron||From heat.resistant glass|
|From carbon steel||From heat.resistant glass (heated very slowly, which means it increases electricity consumption)||From titanium||From ceramics|
|From anodized aluminum||From ceramics (due to poor thermal conductivity and rough bottom, which can scratch the glass-ceramic plate)||From carbon steel|
|Aluminum with ceramic/Teflon coating or steel bottom||Any dishes without a magnetic bottom can be used through an adapter-a disking disk on which you can put a “prohibited” dish|
The adapter for the induction stove allows you to prepare in any dish
- How to determine whether this or that pan/pan is suitable for the induction hob? Just attach a magnet to its bottom. if it is primagnetically, then it is suitable.
- When choosing dishes for glass.ceramic stove, be sure to pay attention to the marking (on the outside of the bottom of the dishes). Special icons will tell you if the selected copy with your hob is compatible.
It often happens that externally dishes seems “forbidden”, but in fact it can be used for glass ceramics of a standard/induction type
- You can and should be used and should be used, but with caution (for any electric stove). Firstly, the cast iron is rough and can scratch glass ceramics. Secondly, it is heavy, which means that one careless movement can turn into a crack of the slab. Thirdly, due to his ability to hold heat for a long time and transfer it back the plate, it can overheat and disconnect.
- Another clarification of enameled pots. Yes, most of these dishes leave traces on glass ceramics, which are very difficult to remove. However, there are exceptions. these are enameled dishes with a special icon “for glass.ceramic stove” or “for an induction stove” as in the photo below.
Enameled dishes for induction glass.ceramic slab
Unlike a gas stove, a flat glass.ceramic panel spreads heat only along the surface that is in direct contact with the heating zone. Therefore, dishes for such a stove should have an even lower part without burrs or relief.
Induction adapter or Induction converter or Induction interface disk
- The curved, corrugated or “rumpled” bottom will heat up unevenly, thereby increasing the cooking time and electricity consumption.
- Unfortunately, the bottom of the dishes used for cooking on a gas stove or a conventional electric stump with “pancakes”, most often is slightly deformed and bends. Therefore, when buying a new glass.ceramic hob, be prepared to audit the old utensils.
Only dishes with a flat bottom ensure the effective transfer of heat
So that the food is prepared as quickly as possible, the size of the pan or pans must correspond to the size of the burner of the plate.
- The bottom of the dishes should be slightly smaller, equally or a little more burner.
- For the induction hob, the bottom diameter should be at least 8-12 cm. Keep this in mind when choosing a coffee Turkish or, say, geyser coffee maker.
For this reason, classic Kazakhs and pan-wings with a round bottom are not suitable for use on the glass-ceramic panel. You need to look for models that are specially adapted for electric plates and have a flat base.
Requirements for dishes
Ideal dishes for induction plates are recognized as pots and pans made from modern high.quality metal alloys, complemented by anti.stick coating. All the utensils available in the house first of all should be examined on integrity, the presence of fat plaque, and scale. Unsuitable dishes can be used if:
It is recommended to check the remaining inventory for ferromagnetic properties (sticking the magnet) or take the cottage.
Only certain types of dishes are suitable for induction plates
The most important indicator for induction dishes is a two- or three-layer thick bottom (5-10 mm), which has a flat surface (to increase the area of contact). If this parameter does not comply (the bottom of the pan will be thin or deformed), the efficiency of heat transfer will be minimal, so cooking will take much more time. The thickness of the walls of the dishes in this case is not important.
The diameter of the bottom of the purchased inventory should also coincide with the size. If, for example, put a small bucket on a surface with a diameter of 26 cm, there is a risk of electromagnetic radiation. Accordingly, all family members must be informed about the rules for using technique.
High.quality pots (stewpan, buckets), ketrators and pans are made of alloy and aluminum alloy, whose service life is unlimited. Cast iron dishes can also be used for an induction stove, but heavyweight containers should be placed carefully. In addition, a special porous structure of the walls of the material, the uneven bottom reduce the rate of heating, so the dish is prepared longer. The enameled cast.iron pan for the induction stove is considered optimal. In addition, some manufacturers give many years (up to 25 years) a guarantee for their products.
If the hostess prefers high.quality enameled dishes, you should carefully examine it for the lack of cracks, chips, lime plaque. An old enameled pan when heated on an induction stove is often deformed, bursts, makes a whistling sound and can scare households. The correct option is a specialized enameled dishes for induction plates, which has higher wear.resistant properties.
An important indicator of good dishes is the presence of ferromagnetic properties. This is checked by any magnet by applying it to the bottom part of the pan from the outside, it must stick.
- thin aluminum or copper pans (will not heat up);
- ceramic dishes without magnetic properties;
- glass or phaory containers (have a low heating coefficient);
- stainless steel dishes with an admixture of nickel (due to the high probability of allergic reactions).
Conditional aluminum, brass or copper dishes are considered conditionally suitable. However, due to the low content of magnetic particles, it will be very slowly heated. The exception will be a container of enamel, aluminum or glass having a magnetic bottom.
This is the most useful accessory for owners of ultramodern plates. It is a round steel disk combing an induction panel with “inappropriate” utensils. The adapter is installed on the heating area, the desired container is placed on top of it, while glass or ceramic dishes should be heat.resistant.
Home utensils, which do not contain ferromagnets, will perfectly heat up on induction in the same way as special if this adapter is used. For the convenience of operation, the disk is equipped with a handle, which can be disconnected during cooking. When using an adapter, it is recommended to follow some rules:
- The size of the disk must correspond to the diameter of the bottom of the dishes (adapters with a diameter of 14 to 30 cm are presented on sale);
- It is unacceptable to leave the device without dishes on a working stove;
- It is forbidden to use a wet adapter.
The adaptation perfectly complements the combined furnaces (induction, combined with electric), easily solving the problem of newly.minted users on a smooth transition to the use of modern technology. And the wide variability of value (from 1,500 to 3500) allows you to choose the best option for your kitchen.
Inappropriate dishes without an adapter on the induction stove, it will not work out due to the lack of magnetic interaction between the surfaces.
What is worth buying
The rules for using induction plates determine the list of what dishes are needed for cooking on an induction stove.
HOW TO USE INDUCTION HOB/ COOKTOP / TIPS AND TRICKS
Special dishes for the induction hobs are sold in stores along with plates, it is made from a stainless steel alloy and aluminum. The inside, as a rule, with anti.stick coating. Special induction dishes are the best option, such products do not distinguish any harmful allergens under the influence of heat, they have excellent quality, and durable. Their cost is slightly higher than usual, although specialized pans or pots are considered the best dishes.
Cast iron dishes are also great for cooking on an induction stove. It is environmentally friendly and often found in the “arsenal” of the hostesses, but is characterized by considerable weight. A massive cauldron or fried can split glass ceramics, not to mention the fact that not everyone can “control” with such a burden. You will have to treat it carefully so as not to spoil the glass.ceramic surface, which is not supplied to the repair (it can be completely replaced in the service). In addition, cast iron products are fragility, when they fall, it is easy to split them.
Enameled pots or other containers, in general, a suitable option, if the coating does not have any chips. It is worth paying attention to the quality of the product: when the bottom is thin, and the coating does not inspire confidence, then the pan or pan can be touched, deformed or make various sounds (clicks, whistle) during cooking.
Dishes made of stainless steel can be used on an induction stove, but due to nickel content, it can cause allergic reactions.
What is induction technology and how it works?
Traditional gas and electric plates are heated regardless of operation, while the induction stove uses magnetic energy created by electric current. Magnetic energy connects to your pots and effectively turns it into a heat source, which makes it a very effective and safe way to cook food. Magnetic induction is achieved only when the chain is closed by placing the pan on the stove.
However, this does not necessarily mean that you should go and buy a new pan. With an increase in the popularity of induction plates, many dishes now also make them suitable for use with induction.
Why induction dishes should have exactly the magnetic bottom?
The fact is that the principle of operation of the induction hobs is significantly different from the principle of operation of electric or gas plates.
When cooking on a gas stove, the pan itself is heated directly, and the food prepared in it already from the heated walls. Most of the heat from the working gas burner goes into the atmosphere. In this case, the objects, air, plate are heated nearby.
When using an electric stove, the efficiency is also small: first, the heating is heated, then the surface of the stove, the walls of the pan and only after that. the products inside it.
And when the induction hob is operated, it itself does not heat up at all. The bottom of the dishes in which food is prepared directly is heated. The hob is warm only from contact with the hot bottom of the pan or pan. There is no danger of obtaining a burn in case of accidental touch to the panel during cooking.
For induction panels, glass dishes with a ferromagnetic bottom are also produced. Of course, the utensils look quite beautiful, but at the same time it is not very reliable and can break.
To date, there are many companies engaged in the production of utensils for induction plates. Their variety is so great that it is sometimes difficult to understand such a huge choice. We offer to consider the most popular companies.
The German manufacturer “Fissler” refers to the leaders in the segment of special dishes. The company produces ergonomic, stylish and at the same time quality products. The range of dishes is also impressive. from a frying pan and roasting to a pan and a pressure cooker. Only the cost of such products is very high, which is not surprising, given the popularity of this brand. However, the reliability and functionality of the dishes are worth such a price. Series of dishes: Maxeo Classic, Fissler Solea.
Another manufacturer from Germany. “Woll”. Each product is picked manually, and a special titano-ceramic coating with an anti-stick effect is applied to the surface. The thickness of the bottom is at least 10 mm. The products of the presented company cannot be attributed to budget options. Series of dishes: Woll Induction Line.
The French company Tefal is widely known all over the world. Is a manufacturer of high quality dishes, but at the same time at affordable prices. The company produces aluminum dishes with reliable coating. For induction surfaces, there are a series of Pro Seriesm Privilege Pro, Armatal Privilege, Tefal Equinoxe and Titanium Pro.
The Czech company Tescoma produces utensils of stainless steel. Belongs to the most affordable dishes for manufacturers. Series: Tescoma Prima.
The French manufacturer “Debuyer” also deserves attention. The dishes of the presented company consists of stainless steel (10%) and copper (90%). Pricing directly depends on the high quality and functionality of the utensils and the price of the pan exceeds several hundred dollars. Series: Mont Bleu, French.
The principle of operation of the induction slab
The work of the induction stove remotely resembles the work of the transformer. Under the glass.ceramic surface is an induction type copper coil in which a current flows from 20 to 10 kHz. This coil plays the role of the primary winding, and the role of secondary. the bottom of the pan. When the pan is placed on the burner, magnetic induction occurs between the bottom and the coil, and the flowing current heats the pan.
During operation of the plate, the glass.ceramic surface also heats up, however, it occurs not due to induction, but from the hot surface of the dishes.
Currently, many companies are engaged in the production of dishes for inductance. There is a wide range on the market, and there is always the opportunity to choose something suitable for the budget. Preference, of course, should be given only to products of those companies that have managed to prove themselves well. We will call some of them.
This company produces dishes using innovative technologies. Often their products are equipped with a measured scale and a special bottom that contributes to a more uniform temperature distribution and smooth heating.
This world.famous company does not need a presentation. The dishes it heEND is lightweight. The bottom usually consists of several layers. Also, the distinguishing features of Zanussi products are relatively not high price and stylish design.
You cannot also not mention the manufacturer of dishes bearing the name. “Staub”. This French company puts Accent on quality and design. The dishes that it produces can even be used to set the table.