How to wire oven & hob Diversity on a cooker circuit wiring Diagram
At what distance is the socket from the gas stove
It is impossible to imagine a modern apartment without household appliances, heating system, plumbing and sewage. These elements, necessary for comfortable human life, coexist peacefully within one apartment. It is important not to forget the rules of safe location of communications and electrical appliances in relation to each other. So, for example, when connecting appliances in the kitchen you need to consider the distance from the gas pipe to the socket from which they work, the distance from the socket and power supply cables to the heating appliances. batteries, convectors. Let’s try to understand this issue in order to avoid accidents, fines and alterations.
Minimal number of outlets
For garden electrical equipment, it is convenient to install outlets outside the house. A separate disconnectable line should be used to power them.
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In the garage it is recommended to install at least one three-phase AC outlet (400 V), for powerful devices (welding machine, woodworking machine).
Plan for at least one electrical outlet near each low-current outlet (telephone, computer, television).
Why keep a distance between the socket and the gas pipe
Typically, the electrical outlet 220 volts AC to power electrical appliances and gas pipes are located in the vicinity of the kitchen or at the point of connection of the gas heating boiler of an individual home. A typical malfunction of an electrical outlet is the loosening of the fixing screws on the terminal block during use, which causes the wire to move away from the contact plate by a small distance and a spark can appear between them.
If at this time there is a prolonged leakage of gas from the gas supply line for some reason, then if it reaches a certain concentration after hitting the spark zone an explosion can occur. The same danger of arcing is not only in the socket, but also in the breakage of electrical wires, connected electrical appliances, shields, placed near the gas pipe.
It is clear that the closer the laying of electrical lines in relation to gas pipelines, the greater the risk of explosion is a combination of such adverse factors as arcing and gas leakage.
Electric to Gas Oven conversion, converting 240v to 120v
Positioning of the gas stove in relation to the gas and electrical service lines
Household gas appliances are modern, high-quality, sophisticated technical devices, which, on the one hand, help us in everyday life, on the other hand. are dangerous when used as intended. Gas is a substance without color, odor, or taste, and a person cannot determine its presence with his or her senses, while it is a dangerous flammable substance because of the large amount of energy released during combustion. In this article we will consider the requirements for the installation of gas stoves in residential areas.
Be sure to plan the installation of a powerful socket for the electric stove. Place them under the work surface adjacent to the stove, a section of furniture. The height of the installation should be 60-70 cm. for a floor socket. For ease of access to the outlet for the stove, in the wall of the desk behind which the socket is located must be cut a hole. If you plan to install a cooktop, remember that these outlets can be two. One for the panel (20-32-40 Amps), the other for the oven (16 Amps).
Be sure to provide an outlet for the hood. It should be placed at 10-20 cm. above the shelf surface and 30 cm. To the right or left of the center of the hood itself.
Liability for non-compliance
Of course, as in the case of any other violation of approved rules and regulations, if you do not comply with the mandatory distance from the gas pipe to the installed electrical cable, there is a liability for citizens.
CAO Article 9.4 promises to impose fines on violators. Well, and, of course, for a dangerous connection, various regulations practically secured disconnection from the mowing line in case of failure to correct faults.
By the way, the monetary penalties are not that significant, even for repeat violations.
And, on the one hand, the penalty will still be borne by the contractor, and it is, according to all the rules of the organization, which has permits and licenses for laying gas and electrical networks. And they will not take risks from the very beginning, if a responsible organization with experience is chosen.
But, as practice shows, most consumers use the services of private electricians without proper documentation and contracts, or do the wiring themselves.
And this is already art. 7.19 CAO unauthorized connection, for which one can also be fined. Well, and, of course, in the case of unintentional damage to the health and property of other citizens, as a result of illegal activities, the punishment will be even more severe up to imprisonment.
The outlet next to the gas stove
Quite often the owners of apartments and detached houses make repairs in the kitchen premises, install gas heating boilers, ovens and gas cooking stoves by themselves. In almost all cases during repair and construction work, homeowners have to deal with electrical networks, which run close to gas lines, and for proper and safe installation they need to know the minimum distance from the socket to the gas pipe established by the rules.
When laying electrical networks are guided by the norms and rules for electrical installation (PUE), which are mandatory for all public and private repair and construction organizations, and ensure the safety of individual builders and finishers, carrying out work on repairing premises. The rules specify safe distances for locating group boxes, indoor and outdoor electric wiring in relation to pipelines carrying liquid or gaseous neutral media, as well as flammable and explosive substances.
Why maintain spacing
The kitchen is the busiest area with electrical appliances. Refrigerator, microwave, exhaust system, dishwasher. this is a small fraction of household appliances, without which it is impossible to imagine. Therefore, safety in this part of the apartment must be a priority. Electricity, gas and water supplies are useful inventions, but in the hands of a shoddy or irresponsible person they cause fires, injuries and accidents. To avoid such troubles when developing the design of the kitchen, you need to think carefully about all the details of the interior, as well as carefully consider the location of outlets in relation to the gas pipe, cooking surface, heaters. The health, well-being, and sometimes life depends on it.
How to connect a gas stove in a country house
Often cases of independent connection of gas stoves are found just in summer houses and country houses. But even in such conditions, any gas equipment should be installed only by professionals. Construction standards and regulations have a whole list of requirements for the room where the gas appliances will be installed.
When independently connecting the gas stove to the cylinder, you must comply with the following requirements:
- The stove should be placed no further than two meters from the cylinder
- The capacity of the gas cylinder should not exceed fifty liters
- To connect the tile to the cylinder, you need a project, which is also developed by special organizations
- On the gas stove, install a nozzle with a smaller diameter, so as not to stain the dishes and the ceiling