Choice of piping elements
The boiler is the center of the heating system. To ensure that all elements of the network work efficiently, without heat loss, you need to use the correct wiring scheme. There are several of them:
- with forced circulation of heat;
- With natural circulation of the coolant;
- manifold wiring;
- Scheme with primary and secondary rings.
As a side note!
The choice depends on the distances between the pipes, the location of the heating equipment and its type.
What you need to connect the boiler?
Unfortunately it is not an easy thing and as we understood you need a permission from the gas service. The problem lies in the danger of gas. If you allow a small mistake, then it is possible an explosion or the output of creeping gas in the living room, which can be the cause of unfortunate consequences.
To begin with, it is worth flushing the pipes in the boiler. Moving on to the examination of the reliability of the wall for fixing the boiler. To it is mounted a gasket based on a material inert to combustion. Observe the distance from the boiler to the gasket of 5 cm.
Check the quality of the ventilation system and the cleanliness of the chimney. If the permit is in hand, then nothing prevents you from moving on to the next step.
- Self-tapping screws with a large diameter of 6 mm, 4 units are needed;
- Marker for marking;
- Pobedite drill bit;
- A working drill;
- Plastic dowels;
- Reliable level;
- Wire of three-core type;
- Elbow for the formation of the chimney;
- Parallel bracket;
- Angle filter with mesh structure;
- Ball type faucets;
- Paronite gasket;
- Detector of the appearance of gas outside the boiler;
- Certificate for the installation and operation of gas equipment.
The real owner counts on his own strength, and strives to do everything for the comfort of the house. But if there is no permission, then it is forbidden and dangerous to perform the entire installation of the gas system. You can limit the delivery and preparatory stage of the place for mounting the boiler, laying pipes, and leave the rest to the masters of the gas service.
Boiler types for heating your private home
At the design stage of the heating system the homeowner may be confronted with a seeming variety of boilers. The choice of the right unit will simplify the availability of energy resources. Manufacturers produce 4 types of heaters: electric, gas, solid and liquid fuel boilers. The last modification is seldom used because of the high price for fuel (mostly diesel).
The most common boiler units that use natural gas. They work in manual or automatic mode and do not need constant monitoring. Even budget models are able to maintain the temperature at a predetermined level on their own. A significant limitation in the use of gas boiler. the availability of fuel. If the house is not connected to the gas line, the owner will have to look for another source of heat.
Electric boilers can become an alternative to the gas ones. However, the cost of electricity, compared to the blue fuel is higher. Heaters also operate automatically, they are quiet and take up little space, which eliminates the need to arrange a separate room for installation of equipment. In addition, they do not require the construction of a chimney.
If you don’t have access to a gas pipe and don’t want to pay the electric bill, homeowners install solid fuel boilers. They can burn wood, coal, or pellets. However, such heaters require constant supervision: as the fuel burns out, it is necessary to to toss it from time to time, as well as to remove the ash. In addition, solid fuel boilers are installed in a separate room so that soot does not settle in the living rooms.
For your information!
Some manufacturers produce automatic solid fuel boilers with extra-long combustion. They independently regulate the temperature of the coolant, and the fuel is fed into them from the hopper, thus ensuring continuous operation of the unit.
Standards for the installation of gas boiler
Gas is still the cheapest type of fuel. Accordingly, the cheapest heating is obtained just by natural gas. However, the installation of a gas boiler is associated with certain difficulties rooms must comply with fire safety standards.
The installation of powerful gas boilers requires a separate room
Home heating with solid fuel boilers, thanks to the energy independence and the possibility of independent operation, the most popular of the heating systems in the Moscow region. The use of solid fuel heating, provides many advantages:
- No need to lay the gas pipeline
- As fuel can be used any combustible material. wood, coal, wood chips, straw, garbage, agricultural waste
- simplicity and reliability of the unit
- There is no need to get special permits to install a solid fuel boiler in a private house or cottage.
Installation of a solid fuel boiler in a private house on a turnkey basis. a fairly time-consuming procedure that, when performed by their own forces requires a lot of time and effort. Appealing to the services of qualified professionals. the best solution. You not only save your money, but also get a quality result, you can be confident in the safety of the heating system.
Solid fuel heating of a private house on a turnkey basis
Installation of boilers for solid fuels
Installation of heating with solid fuel boiler
Installation of the solid fuel boiler
- Preparation of the base from a noncombustible material
- Boiler installation on the ground
- boiler connection to the chimney
- Boiler fitting. connection to the heating system
Home heating solid fuel boiler, is considered the most effective when the optimum mode of the boiler. a mode of intense combustion, and hence the coolant is heated to 70-90 degrees Celsius. This combustion mode provides complete combustion of fuel and pyrolysis gas emitted during combustion, which in turn reduces the formation of soot on the boiler heat exchanger, chimney and increases the life between service operation. Simply put, the boiler gives off more heat and there is no need to clean it as well as the chimney. Therefore, you should not try to use the system in a low-burning or smoldering mode. An attempt to save on fuel will lead to increased frequency of servicing the boiler and chimney, and in the case of neglecting cleaning, there can be cases of burning oily deposits and soot inside the chimney.
What to do, if the coolant is heated by the boiler above the temperature you need? It is very simple. a buffer tank (heat accumulator) is installed in place of the solid fuel boiler. This is an insulated container filled with heat-intensive fluid that is heated during the furnace boiler, and keeps the excess heat, gradually giving it to the heating system. In more detail, about the heat storing boilers, we will tell you in the following articles.
for strapping solid fuel boilers is quite different. This is due to the complexity and labor intensity of the specific task and the equipment and materials used.
Heating of a private house by solid fuel boiler will be the most effective in case of compliance with technology. By experience we can say, the installation of solid fuel boiler in the heating system should be made with a heat-accumulator. This solution, although it will increase your initial investment, but will pay off faster than you think. Installing the wood boiler whose price is several times cheaper than the gas boiler, together with the optimal mode of operation, will allow you to enjoy your holiday home or cottage even in winter.
Advantages of treatment in Your Comfort:
Free engineering expertise
By contacting our company you get a free preliminary calculation. After agreeing the price, experts go for free measurements and Moscow region. After the examination of your object, the engineer will advise you in the choice of solid fuel boiler and equipment, will offer options, will agree on the nuances and answer all your questions.
Provide an estimate within 2 days after measurements. Cooperation with specialists will let you get the result as soon as possible. The high speed of work is ensured by the coordinated actions of experienced craftsmen.
Solid fuel heating of a private house and related work is carried out in accordance with the provisions of standards and safety regulations. This parameter is important. In the operation of installations you will not encounter the complexities of adjustment and maintenance, and installed safety devices will help prevent irreparable results.
Masters who install solid fuel boilers have 15 years experience. Our clients can not worry about any problems during the installation. You are guaranteed to get the expected result of only high quality.
Solid fuel heating of a private home at an affordable price
Our democratic price policy will suit every client. Along with high quality and efficiency, we offer reasonable price for our solid fuel boilers installation services.
System flushing, pumping of new liquid, start-up and adjustment of the system (houses up to 100m2)
Installation of CHP boiler in combination with electric boiler. boiler
Solid fuel boiler replacement
Turnkey solid fuel boiler installation
If you want that in your private house was reliable and economical heating system with a hot water boiler, you should not try to install a solid fuel boiler or seek for help from unproven performers. Choose professionals! Our team installs heating systems in a day. Qualitatively, at an attractive price. Cooperating with us, you will receive services performed by experienced craftsmen to install units such as:
Your heating system will be running and set up for smooth operation. Specially for you will be held safety briefing on handling heating devices and units. Work is performed under contract, with the provision of warranty on equipment and work performed for 5 years. We accept any type of payment. Retirees will receive a 5% discount.
Installation of gas boilers in a private home. Moscow and Moscow region
Gas boilers. a popular type of heating equipment, because natural gas is the cheapest fuel. Even if you can not connect to the gas pipeline, the installation of a gas holder will be cost-effective.
Installing the gas boiler requires certain skills and compliance with the rules of installation of gas equipment. Acceptance, inspection and commissioning, will be carried out by representatives of the gas service. Without their approval, the connection of the gas boiler to the gas pipeline and its further operation is prohibited. Pay close attention to the selection of a contractor for the installation of gas boilers. After all, if the work is carried out with a violation, then when checking the gas services will fix the violation and refuse to connect to the gas. Therefore it is better to entrust installation of gas heating boilers to professionals.
Types of gas boilers
Manufacturers of gas equipment produce boilers that vary in capacity, principle of operation and method of installation.
Floor standing gas boilers
These boilers are mainly designed for installation in houses with above average area. Boilers are reliable and powerful. But there is one peculiarity. Installation of a floor standing gas boiler is allowed only in a separate equipped room.
Installation of gas boilers in the homes
Installation of gas boilers
Installation of a gas boiler in a frame house on a turnkey basis
Wall gas boilers
This is a great option to organize heating in a private home or cottage. These are compact and versatile units that do not require special facilities.
Installation of wall mounted gas boiler in a wooden house
Installation of a gas boiler in a private home
Gas boiler installation on a turnkey basis
Choosing a gas equipment, you need to determine for what purposes it will be used. If the boiler is only needed to heat the house, the single-circuit heater is suitable. Two-circuit gas boilers are needed for heating and water heating.
Installation of a gas boiler
Gas boiler installation requires a project and a permit for the installation of the gas boiler. After drawing up permits and carrying out preparatory work, you can proceed to the installation of heating equipment, which includes the following steps:
- boiler installation;
- Connection to the chimney and check the presence of draft;
- Connection to the heating system;
- The two-circuit boiler is connected to the water supply;
- connection to the gas mains.
When installing gas boilers in a private home must comply with fire safety rules. The equipment is installed in a well-ventilated room, the size of which depends on the capacity of the boiler. According to fire safety standards, the room in which the boiler is installed, from the living rooms are separated by fireproof partitions.
Reliable and safe installation of a gas boiler in one day. “Your Comfort
If you need to install a gas boiler in the cottage or private home, please contact us by phone or use the feedback form. Our qualified staff will come and hold the necessary measurements and coordination at your site for free. Our staff will perform the installation of the gas boiler on the turnkey basis in one day, in accordance with all the requirements of the Construction Regulations and Safety Rules in the gas industry. All work is performed according to the contract, with a list of works and the signature of a specialist.
Services for installation of a gas boiler
- Free will come to your facility;
- Will calculate the capacity of heating equipment;
- Make purchase of equipment from a proven supplier, with the provision of warranty;
- free delivery of the gas boiler to install and the Moscow region will take only one day;
- Perform installation of the gas boiler (working throughout the Moscow region);
- Perform connection of the boiler to the heating system of a private house, cottage;
- Conduct a hydraulic test;
- teach you how to use the boiler.
Installation of gas boilers. prices
Start-up and adjustment of the heating system (at home up to 100 m2)
The final cost of gas boiler installation and heating in a private home, is formed during the calculation of the application.
You get 5 years warranty on work performed by our craftsmen and a warranty card for the installed gas boiler. The works are performed in accordance with the concluded contract, in compliance with all SNIP and safety regulations when working with gas equipment. Payment of the order on the fact of work performed.
Retirees get a 5% discount. Turnkey heating system with a gas boiler. promotional offer. When ordering this service, as a bonus you get heating fluid or thermostat as a gift.
How to properly equip a boiler room
If the gas boiler has an open combustion chamber or its capacity exceeds 30 kW, you can install it only in a separate non-residential premises, which must meet the standards and regulations prescribed in SNiP. Most often, for these purposes is chosen room in the basement, but remember that you can do so only if the house you have a single-family.
- Choose the capacity of the boiler at your discretion.
- The total area of the boiler room should not be less than 4 square meters. About the volume we have already written.
- The minimum ceiling height is 220 cm. better 250.
- In the boiler room necessarily provide a window for natural light. Its size is also important 0.3 square meters for every 10 cubic meters of the volume of the room, but not less than 0.5.
Preparing to install the gas equipment
Those who are sure that the installation of a gas heater begins with its purchase, are greatly mistaken.
You start by gathering the approvals. At the same time with obtaining the necessary papers, you should select and prepare a place for the installation of the heating unit, and the following regulatory requirements should be taken into account:
In order to get permission to install heating equipment, you need to go through several steps:
Log Boiler Central Heating System. Case Study Sussex
Obtaining specifications and permits.
It is necessary to find out whether in principle it is possible to install a gas boiler in an apartment or house. To do this, an application is submitted to the gas service requesting this procedure. It necessarily indicates the anticipated annual volume of gas consumption.
The document will be reviewed and, as a result, the applicant will receive a permit for installation together with the Technical Conditions or a justified refusal.
Creating a project for the future installation.
To begin it is desirable to determine the brand of meter and boiler, but do not buy them yet. After that the installation project is ordered. It is performed on the basis of the permit previously obtained for a specific equipment.
The document must specify the scheme of connecting equipment, and laying mains inside the building from the point of connection of gas communications. Only a licensed company should be engaged in the project.
Obtaining agreement with the gas service.
The new project must be coordinated with the gas service that serves the area where the house is located. The procedure usually takes a maximum of three months and a minimum of a week.
At this stage it is already possible to purchase gas equipment, because in addition to the project you need to submit such documents for approval:
- Technical passport of the gas boiler;
- Certificates of conformity and hygienic;
- Instructions for the operation of the heater;
- Expert opinion on the compliance of the device with all technical requirements.
To obtain these documents is very simple. The manufacturer is obliged to attach them to their products. At the end of the inspection procedure, the applicant receives a coordinated project, which in this case will be a special stamp.
If the document is not coordinated, a list of measures for the project correction must be compiled. After they are carried out, a re-approval is carried out.
Rules for furnace room arrangement
According to current SNiPs, the gas boiler is installed only in a specially equipped room, which is called the furnace room.
You can not neglect this rule, because the gas boiler refers to the category of potentially dangerous equipment, and should handle it very carefully. Otherwise penalties will inevitably follow and emergencies are possible.
First you need to calculate the capacity of the gas boiler, then determine where to install the boiler. Instructions allow placement of single-circuit heaters with a capacity not exceeding 60 kW in any room of the building. Most floor-mounted gas units are single-circuit, t.к. Are designed to serve only heating systems.
Two-circuit models of any capacity can not be installed in the kitchen. These are miniature boilers with a built-in safety group and its own expansion tank. They are equipped with a furnace room. If the total capacity of the equipment does not exceed 150 kW, it can be installed on any floor.
Larger appliances or groups of appliances may only be installed on the first floor or in the basement. In any case, gas-fired heating boilers may not be installed in living rooms, bathrooms and toilets.
The room intended for the furnace room must have certain dimensions. Its minimum volume can be calculated by the formula: 0.2 m³ multiplied by 1 kW of power of the device, but not less than 15 m³.
In addition, there are a number of requirements for the room:
- the minimum width of the door opening must be 80 cm;
- the minimum ceiling height. 2.5 m;
- the degree of fire resistance must be at least 0.75 hours;
- the presence of natural light, which is calculated as: 0,03 sq.m. m of window area for every 1 cubic meter of furnace room volume;
- Availability of gas analyzer associated with an automatic valve that will shut off the gas supply in case of leakage;
- arrangement of effective ventilation;
- The door or wall leading to the neighboring room must be equipped with a ventilation grate, the area of which should be determined according to the following formula For each kilowatt of heater power, there is 8 square meters. cm above the level of the flat roof or a pitched roof ridge;
- Providing free access to the heating device and auxiliary equipment for repair and maintenance work.
These requirements are strictly binding in the case of a furnace room for a boiler with an open combustion chamber. For units with a closed chamber, the area of the room is not important and the requirements for ventilation are less stringent, since they do not use air from the room, but take it from the street for their work.
A flue pipe must be installed in the furnace room. Its horizontal part within the room must not exceed 3 m.
The number of turns can not be more than three. The vertical outlet of the flue pipe must be elevated above the level of the flat roof or the ridge of the pitched roof by at least one metre. Materials, of which the construction is made, must show resistance to aggressive thermal and chemical effects.
Multilayer materials such as asbestos-cement pipes can only be used in areas away from the exhaust pipe for more than 5 m.
There must not be any cavities or niches formed by horizontal surfaces in the furnace room. Here combustion products can accumulate, which is very dangerous for humans.
The space in front of the heater must be free. The floor in front of it is covered with a sheet of metal, the minimum size of 1×1 m. It is forbidden to use asbestos cement for this purpose, because it quickly rubs off and is harmful to human health.
Preparing the room for installation
Before the installation of the heater must finish all work related to the arrangement of the heating system, installation of radiators, water distribution and warm water floors, if present. In addition, the electrical and plumbing must be fully installed.
The boiler room must also be ready. Under the gas boiler is laid a solid floor on the basis of cement screed or prepare a separate foundation.
The latter option is not considered the best. Ceilings, floors and walls, if they are decorated with combustible coatings, must be additionally protected against possible ignition.
Non-combustible overlays made of roofing sheet steel laid on a fireproof gasket, such as asbestos, are used for this purpose. The thickness of the latter sheet must not be less than 3 mm.
The entire perimeter of the insulation must protrude at least 100 mm beyond the frame of the unit. The minimum distance between the heater and a wall made of non-combustible material must be 100 mm.
The distance from the projecting parts of the fittings, burners and automatic regulation equipment to the opposite wall is also regulated. This must be at least 1 m.
If the floor is made of combustible material, it must be protected from possible ignition. For this purpose, a platform made of concrete blocks is used. Its height should not be less than 100 mm.
A steel sheet with a minimum thickness of 0.8 mm is laid on top of the elevation. A platform for the appliance can be fitted using special fireproof plates.
In addition, it is desirable to install auxiliary equipment, otherwise the boiler will interfere. It is optimal to make a scheme of its location in advance to think through all the nuances of the arrangement.
According to this scheme, fixing holes are marked on the walls and floor, and then the installation of necessary devices is performed. The heating appliance is the last to be fitted and connected.
Chimney: requirements for arrangement
Before your own hands to carry out the installation of the floor gas boiler, you should prepare the chimney. It is desirable to place the heater on the prepared base so that the distance between its body and the wall is sufficient for inspection and maintenance of the device. After that to outline the location of the chimney.
You can not put the boiler, and the markings can be made on the basis of calculations. In this case you need to take into account a few nuances.
First of all, the chimney of the gas appliance and the hole under it must exactly match the type of floor standing boiler. So, for modifications with an open combustion chamber, a split-type chimney with a cross-section corresponding to the power of the device is installed.
For example, for devices with a capacity below 30 kW diameter of the pipe should be at least 140 mm for more powerful devices from 40 kW select the flue pipe cross section of 160 mm.
Appliances with a closed combustion chamber are equipped with special coaxial chimneys. In the technical documentation of the device manufacturer always indicates the necessary diameter of the flue.
In addition, you must remember that the pipe that will connect the boiler to the chimney should not be longer than 0.25 m. The installation of a closing hole through which the construction can be cleaned is also mandatory.
Smoke extraction from the boiler installed in one of the apartments in a multi-storey building, must be necessarily diverted to a common chimney. If there is no such a system, the gas service will not give permission to install the boiler. In a private home, everything is much simpler. Here can be mounted chimney almost any configuration. It is important that it is safe and efficient.
According to current regulations, the chimney can not be mounted near a window opening. The minimum distance between them. 0.6 m. This is necessary to eliminate the possibility of exhaust gases returning into the room.
In practice, sometimes the supervisory authorities allow the installation of equipment directly under the windows. In this case it is necessary to make the exhaust pipe as far as possible from a window sash or an opening window.
With the peculiarities of the use of steel chimneys will acquaint you with the photo selection:
Operating principle of a wall mounted gas boiler
Installation and connection of the heater depends on its type. It is therefore necessary to understand exactly how the device works and which of its varieties to deal with.
Any wall mounted gas boiler is a compact device, the maximum capacity of which is limited to 42 kW.
- Gas burner. Supplies gas to the combustion chamber. Nozzles distribute the fuel as evenly as possible. Modern modulating burners can maintain the set temperature and regulate the flame strength.
- The heat exchanger, through which the coolant moves. The best efficiency has a copper device. In condensing boilers there can be two such elements.
- Expansion vessel. Designed to compensate for the excess water that appears as a result of heating.
- Circulation pump. Powerful models can have two such elements.
- Automation of the boiler or a system of devices whose task is to maintain a predetermined temperature in the heated room. Can include appliances that run on electricity or energy-independent.
- Devices that monitor and regulate the operation of the boiler.
- Fan. Only used in turbo models.
- Safety system. Stops the boiler operation in case of dangerous situations.
Modern models are additionally equipped with self-diagnostic systems, which can detect about 90% of faults of the boiler. The number of diagnosed failure is displayed, which is promptly corrected by a service technician.