Threading the sewing machine
Using a sewing machine can help you sew things faster and easier, but first, you need to learn how to wind the thread onto the bobbin and adjust its tension. The bobbin in the sewing machine is the source of the lower thread for the stitch. Before you start sewing, you have to wind the thread onto the bobbin. Although all sewing machines are slightly different, the bobbin winding process is essentially the same.
Part 1 Winding the bobbin
Open the bobbin case cover. Bobbin case is located under the needle. Note the metal plate through which the sewing machine needle is lowered. There should be a hook cover on the side of the machine.
Take out the hook (if necessary). There is a hook behind the hook cover. It usually looks like a metal cylinder and, depending on the model of sewing machine, you may need to remove it to remove the bobbin.
Take the bobbin out of the hook. Pull the bobbin out of the hook. If the bobbin is secured in the hook with an additional cover, first open the cover.
How to use and to wind a bobbin on a portable mini sewing machine with pedal video
Look for the spool pin. The spool pin is the part of the sewing machine on which the thread spool is mounted. The size of the pin corresponds to the size of the hole in the center of the spool itself. Usually the spool pin is either on the top or side of the sewing machine.
Unwind some thread from the bobbin. Unwind some thread from the bobbin or free the end of the bobbin from the retaining slot so that the thread can be easily reeled off the bobbin mounted on the bobbin pin.
Place the spool on the spool pin. The pin should fit easily into the center hole of the spool. If there is a spool holder for the spool, place it on the pin on top of the spool so it will not come off. If the spool pin is on top of the sewing machine, it may not have a lock.
Pass the end of the thread from the spool through the thread guide. Most sewing machines have a small piece with a hole next to the bobbin to help hold the thread in position when winding the bobbin or making a stitch. If the sewing machine does not have such a thread guide, skip this step. Locate the thread tension disk. The sewing machine should have a small metal or plastic piece around which to loop the thread to keep it taut. This part is near the thread guide and looks like a small knob.
Wrap the thread once around the tension disk. The thread should bend at an angle with the apex on the bobbin winder itself. Keep the end of the thread in your hands for now.
Secure the bobbin thread to the bobbin. There should be a small hole on one side of the bobbin. Some bobbins have more than one such hole at a time. Pass the end of the thread through the small hole in the bobbin. Thread only needs to pass through one hole on the side of the bobbin. If there is more than one hole on the bobbin, use any of them. Find the bobbin winder. A reel is a cylindrical pin similar to a bobbin pin but sized to fit the center hole in the bobbin. Next to the bobbin pin there will also be a rounded metal or plastic part. a retainer.
Slide the bobbin onto the bobbin winder. Place the bobbin with its center hole against the bobbin winder pin and push to put it on.
Secure the bobbin in the bobbin winder. Depending on the model, slide the bobbin pin toward the rounded retainer, or slide the retainer toward the bobbin. You will hear the bobbin click securely into place.
Hold the end of the thread sticking out of the bobbin. At the beginning of the winding process, hold onto the end of the bobbin (which you have previously threaded through the hole in the side of the bobbin) so that the thread does not come off.
Press the foot pedal of the sewing machine (or the bobbin winding button). If you are using the foot controller, keep it depressed during the entire bobbin winding process. Maintain a comfortable speed for your machine. To find your preferred operating rhythm, you can start by slowly pressing down on the foot controller. But there is no need to wind the bobbin slowly. If the thread is winding unevenly on the bobbin, you probably didn’t hook it correctly on the thread tension disk. Check thread position. If you think the thread is correctly threaded, redo the threading in the thread drawer anyway to ensure an even thread flow on the bobbin. If the thread clings to the notch on the bobbin, try reversing the bobbin and winding the thread backwards from where the notch is facing.
Wind the thread onto the bobbin. It’s not always possible to know exactly how much bobbin thread you’ll need, so it’s wise to wind the whole bobbin each time so you don’t accidentally run out of thread in the middle of the job. The bobbin is full when the thread is flush with the outer edges of the bobbin. If you continue to wind the bobbin past this point, it may not fit or may stop rotating in the hook.
Cut the thread. Take scissors to separate the bobbin and bobbin thread tied together. Hold the end of the bobbin thread so it doesn’t unwind right away.
Slide the take-up threader to the original position (if it didn’t happen automatically). When the bobbin winder is in its original position, you will hear a click.
Remove the bobbin from the bobbin winder. Now the bobbin with the thread already wound on it is ready for further use.
How to Wind a Bobbin on a Janome
Threading the upper thread into the sewing machine
A hint on how to insert the thread can be placed on the body of the machine.
- We put the spool on the post, located at the top of the body. There can be two such auxiliary fasteners and one of them has a small hole, and the second serves to pre-tension the thread and prevent the formation of half notches.
- Place the bobbin on the post on the right and thread through the hole on the post on the left. When the thread passes through, its so-called thumbscrews (half hinges, half eyes) are straightened, and it goes straight after the preload and up to the tension regulator.
- Place the spool so that the thread comes from the bottom up, in the forward direction.
- Pass the thread through the hook of the thread guide for it.
- Pull the thread from behind and forward on the thread guide cover and pull it toward you.
- Hold the thread with your right hand and guide it through the slit on the machine body with your left hand (usually the sequence of thread passes is marked by numbers). For easier guiding the thread through the needle clamp, it is recommended to hold the end of the thread with your left hand and guide it with your right hand.
- Thread the needle. Insert the thread so that it almost fits into the long groove on one side of the needle. Depending on the model, it may be right in front of us, on the left side of the needle, or on the right side. You shouldn’t unwrap the needle just because the threading direction seems awkward, as it can quickly fall out.
- Hold the thread and, turning the handwheel, pull it out by 8-10 cm and send it under the presser foot. In some domestic machines, by turning the flywheel and pulling the thread, the thread can be better placed in the bobbin of the tension regulator. Check the tension at the same time.
- Turn the handwheel to lower the needle so that it catches the lower thread and is able to lift it. When the second thread appears, pick it up with your fingers and bring it out. Route both threads to the back of the machine.
Thread guide hook for winding bobbin tension disk Bobbin winder shaft Bobbin
- Use only the bobbin. designed specifically for this sewing machine. The use of any other bobbins may cause injury or damage to the machine.
- The bobbin supplied with the machine is designed specifically for this sewing machine. If you use bobbins designed for other models, the machine will not work properly. Use only the bobbin provided or the same type of bobbin
- Turn on the sewing machine.
- Slide the bobbin on the shaft of the winding device so that the spring on the shaft into the groove of the bobbin. Push the bobbin until it snaps into place.
Slot Spring on the bobbin winder shaft
- Slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right until it clicks.
- Remove the cap on the spool pin.
Spool insertion rod Spool cap
- Set the bobbin winder to the bobbin rod.Slide the bobbin onto the spool pin so that the bobbin is horizontal and the thread unwinds from the front and bottom.
If the thread does not come off the spool correctly, it may become tangled around the spool pin.
Make sure that the thread is routed under the tension disk.
Be sure to cut the thread as described above. If the bobbin is wound without cutting the thread with the built-in thread cutter, the bobbin may not be wound correctly. Also, the thread may become tangled on the bobbin and the needle may bend or break when the thread runs out.
If the bobbin winding slows down, stop the sewing machine, otherwise it may be damaged.
Slide the sewing speed controller back to the original position.
A “click” is heard when starting the machine or turning the handwheel after the bobbin is wound. This is not a malfunction.
Main causes of bobbin winder failure
Can not wind the thread on the bobbin on the sewing machine
For winding the bobbin thread on the domestic models of sewing equipment there is a special mechanism for winding the bobbin. If it is broken, the sewing machine does not wind the bobbin, and manually cope with such a task is almost impossible. Attempts to rewind by yourself will lead to a sharp deterioration in the quality of seam. it will increase its friability, it will lie unevenly. Mechanical bobbin winding gives optimal tension, which cannot be achieved with manual bobbin winding.
The question of how to wind the thread on the bobbin is only relevant to owners of older machines. In all other cases. contact the workshop “Remontano” for the restoration of the winding mechanism. We do sewing machine repair at the client’s home, the work takes from a few dozen minutes to a couple of hours.
A bobbin is a small plastic or iron round bobbin with a high edge designed to wind the lower thread. Every time it empties while sewing, the craftsman must have it refilled (otherwise the entire process will be stopped).
How to Wind the Bobbin on the Stirling by Janome Sewing Machine (Janome JR1012)
Owners of older models Singer or “Seagull” know how to wind the thread on the bobbin manually, resorting to a special retractable mechanism. But in modern machines, this happens automatically. Manually winding the bobbin on new machines Brother, Pfaff, Bernina and other manufacturers are strictly prohibited. The reason is that this can lead to various troubles (from uneven stitch to broken because of uneven needle tension).
The most common causes of the defect:
- spindle breakage;
- Lack of grip on the rubber roller side;
- failure in the braking device;
- Problem with the retainer spring and other related elements.
Each case has its own options for fixing the problem. For a better understanding of the issue we need to look at them in detail.
This is the name of the rotating metal rod on which the bobbin is placed during winding. There are two main reasons for a malfunctioning spindle:
Every rotating metal component in a technical system requires regular lubrication. And the spindle is no exception. Lack of such prevention leads to the formation of rust on it, as well as the appearance of various contaminants (e.g., clogging with dust or fiber residues). This significantly slows or stops the rotation of the part and stops the thread laying process.
To prevent dirt and rust build-up, it is advisable to clean. This can be done at home. Just wipe down the metal parts with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol. Also, once or twice a year, the spindle should be lubricated with one drop of industrial oil (do not use vegetable oil, as it will cause damage).
Units that have been in use for a long time will gradually wear down the dowel on the spindle, which is responsible for ending the thread placement. When the bobbin is full, the thread catches on a special tab and the unit stops working and stops automatically. If the projection is wiped out, it will cause a malfunction.
Problem can only be corrected by installing a new spindle. To do this, it is better to use the help of a master from a service center.
Is an integral part of the winding system in all modern models. It meshes tightly with the flywheel when sewing, so the thread is set evenly.
Over time, the rubber rim wears out, which means a proper grip is not obtained. Because of this thread “slips”, winds unevenly or does not wind at all.
There are a lot of tips on the internet about how to extend the life of the roller and regain the grip. The most effective is the following: you need to remove it and wind a few coils of thread in the slot. However, this can only help for a short time (and there is no guarantee of even hitching to the flywheel). That’s why it’s better to ask a handyman to replace the worn roller with a new one.
When it fails, the thread laying process becomes uneven or the bobbin stops working right after it is turned on. The problem can be solved by replacing the damaged element.
In some cases, it helps to adjust the pressure screw, which fixes the thread. If it is twisted too much, there is excessive tension, which leads to uneven laying. Relieve the pressure of the screw you can yourself with an ordinary screwdriver.
Springs, retainers, and other items
The bobbin retainer ceases to hold it and immediately disengages the winding. Probably caused by a stretched out spring that needs to be replaced. Also, related components of the entire machine can fail: the washers of the brake device, the spring of the roller switch and other elements.
Replacing broken components with new ones allows you to fix the problem completely.
To master the basics of sewing and make friends with the sewing machine does not need to buy expensive equipment with electronic control. Computer machines have many functions and are designed for those who have already mastered sewing skills. It is better to start with electromechanical options. Their functionality includes a sufficient number of operations for virtuoso sewing, and to understand the management of such units is much easier. A good choice would be a model Janome E-Line 15, Janome Juno 523 or Janome 18e.
Tip: If you have already purchased a machine, read the manual first. You can find comprehensive information about the appliance. Learn to sew with cheap, simple fabric or unnecessary scraps of fabric you have at home. Following the manual, practice making a few types of stitches and sew a straight stitch, experiment with settings, replace the needle.
A device for winding the thread on the bobbin
Device for winding thread on the bobbin at all sewing machines is almost the same, including industrial sewing machines. There are of course rare samples with independent device almost a quarter of the machine body, but they do not interest us. Such machines. It’s already a museum piece. Modern machines do not have an external device for winding thread, it is hidden in the body, except for the rod to hold the bobbin. Look at that, there’s a slit on the spindle. I don’t think you’ve ever wondered what it’s for. And it also has its own value. Surely you’ve noticed that some bobbins are tight on this rod. This is due to the fact that all bobbin manufacturers can not make a perfectly accurate internal bobbin hole. And for any bobbin to pass freely in it you need this slot. Press up lightly with pliers this rod, or vice versa, unclenching it by inserting a screwdriver into the slot. And then the bobbin will be much easier to put on. Just be careful, otherwise you can and break one of the halves.
The rod has a small “wheel” with a rubber rim, which during winding the bobbin is pressed against the flat part of the flywheel. That’s actually the whole device, it would seem to be easier.
I’ve wanted to buy a sewing machine for a long time, but how to choose from a huge variety of models. And do not make a mistake?
The task is not easy! But! The main thing in this case. Determine what you want from a sewing machine.
I had these requirements when choosing a model:
Availability of stitches: straight, zig-zag, knit
And finally, I found what I was looking for. a sewing machine Janome 2323.
Comes with a standard set of accessories: sewing needles
The machine has a removable platform (also serves as a compartment for storing accessories), it is called “free arm”. Very handy for hemming pants. There is a work surface light.
The thread on the bobbin is very convenient and easy to wind, and even easier to thread the machine. This is very detailed written and drawn in the manual.
The machine is powerful enough, easily sews through three layers of denim!
During a year of service, not a single thread got tangled. The machine is quiet, sews “as if by magic”! Speaking of oil, not included, but sold. Uses graphite grease.
The machine is suitable for beginners and professionals. Definitely recommend it!