Removable table3Standard accessories3Power connection.4Sewing speed control4Changing the presser foot.5Darn plate5reverse button.6Needle changes.6Needle and thread ratio chart.6Setting bobbins7Replacing the bobbin case7Rolling the bobbin8 Threading the bobbin thread.9Tap upper thread9Lower thread stretch.10Tension adjustment of upper thread.10Zigzag Thread Tension.10Changing the bobbin thread tension.11Stitch selection knob.11Stitch Length Adjustment11Stitch Selection.11
SECTION lll. BASIC SEWING TECHNIQUES
Straight stitch12Changing sewing direction12Zigzag13Right stitch on heavy fabrics.13Tips and tricks for sewing.14Knit stitch14Bespoke stitch.15
Making a buttonhole.16 17Create buttonholes manually18 19Sewing stitches20Assemblages.20Shell stitch21Curling stitch.21Sewing a zipper22Monograms23Applique23Rolling stitches24Stitching and embroidery.25
Backlighting26Disassembling and reassembling the shuttle mechanism26Cleaning the fabric conveyor27Lubricating the machine27Troubleshooting.28
First of all, you should check the thread tensioner to make sure that it is serviceable, properly assembled, all parts are in the right places. If you find lint, remove it with a brush (usually included with the sewing machine).
The bobbin and cap should be pulled out and carefully inspected for nicks. If they are, you will have to polish the surfaces or replace these elements.
Another important operation that will not be superfluous before tucking in the sewing machine. If you have not used it for a long time (up to six months) or have forgotten when you lubricated it, it makes sense to disassemble the machine and check the condition of the internal mechanisms. They may need cleaning, and moving parts that also rub against each other. lubrication with a suitable oil.
After assembly, run the machine idle for a few minutes to make sure everything is running smoothly and smoothly.
Before you thread the sewing machine, check the needle. it should be straight, without nicks and rust, properly inserted. By the way, it should match the thickness of the thread and fabric.
Some beginners, along with a question, how to fill a sewing machine, ask how difficult it is. The answer is unlikely, because you just need to pull the upper thread through the needle and the lower thread through the hook. After doing such manipulations a few times, you get your hand full and then do everything almost automatically.
Let’s understand how to insert thread into the sewing machine on the example of a simple hand model.
In our online store Welles-Shop, you can always buy sewing thread at good, reasonable prices.
How to tuck the bottom thread into a manual sewing machine
The history of the manual sewing machine is very long: the drawing of its prototype was made by the great Leonardo da Vinci. But the scientist was not able to put his project into practice. The first mechanical sewing machine with a two-strand stitch (shuttle stitch) appeared in 1845. With some changes, but with the same principle of operation, it has reached our times. Threading the sewing machine has also changed little.
A manual sewing machine is a machine with a drive shaft and a side shaft, combined with a flywheel, equipped with a toothed gear. When you press the lever, the handwheel turns, setting the shafts in motion, with the central one responsible for the needle threader, the side ones for the hook and fabric movement. Thanks to the synchronous interaction obtained smooth stitches.
How to tuck the lower thread in the sewing machine
So, how to tuck the upper thread into the sewing machine:
- The selected spool put it on the pin designed for it, located at the top of the machine body and wind off at least half a meter of thread.
- Pass it through the upper guide, then pass it through the tensioner and the compensating spring in it, which looks like a hook.
- Thread the upper thread through the hole in the thread take-up device, through the thread guide and the needle clamp and into the eye of the needle. How to thread the needle of the sewing machine. a topic for another article.
- For convenience, pass the thread through the foot (it has a slit) away from you.
How to tuck the upper thread into the sewing machine
Before threading the lower thread into the sewing machine, wind it onto the bobbin first. To do this, you first need to remove the cap with the bobbin in it. it is under the protective needle plate, which easily slides.
The bobbin is put on the axis of a special winding mechanism, and the machine with a lever designed for this purpose is transferred to the winding mode, in which the hook and needle remains stationary. It is not enough to know how to insert thread into the sewing machine, you need to know how to do this operation.
Put the spool of thread on the pin, which is under the winding mechanism, the end of the thread wind on the bobbin. Then lower the presser roller that holds the bobbin in place and turn the machine handle with one hand while holding the thread with the other to wind it evenly, thread by thread.
How to insert the bobbin into the sewing machine? Easily! When it is full of thread (not too much is needed), insert it into the cap and pass the thread through the slot in it. Next:
- Insert the cap back into the hook, and you should hear a click;
- pass the tip of the thread through the hook tensioner. Threading the lower thread into the sewing machine is complete;
- close the protective plate, lightly turn the handwheel. the upper thread will reach the lower thread and they will intertwine;
- check the tension of both threads by pulling lightly.
- Pull both threads away from you by the presser foot.
Now you need to make adjustments to the thread tension and check the quality of the stitching on the flap of fabric.
How to thread an electric sewing machine?
Just like their tame “sisters.”. However, there are some minor differences due to the design features of such equipment, the location of guides, tensioner regulator and other elements.See catalog of electromechanical sewing machines.
In addition, the path of the upper thread is longer, but it passes mainly inside the body of the machine. Usually, sewing machine manufacturers provide their products with a threading diagram, indicating it directly on the body.
How to insert thread into a sewing machine, mistakes
How to tuck the sewing machine we figured out. But no matter what kind of control it is, you can make the following mistakes, fraught with sagging loops and thread breaks:
- Threading the sewing machine was carried out with a wrong sequence of pulling, skipping the guide, tensioner, etc. д.
- The tensioners are not adjusted.
- Before threading the sewing machine, the thread was not picked up correctly. An important nuance: keep in mind that the lower thread should be slightly thinner than the upper. Also, as has been said many times, they may not fit a certain thin or thick fabric.
- The hole in the eye of the needle is not the same size as the thread thickness;
- If excess thread is wrapped around the bobbin, it prevents it from spinning properly.
- Excessively coarse or old threads are being used.
- The upper tensioner is either too tight, loose, worn or clogged.
- Nicks and chips on the cap and bobbin.
Now that we know how to properly tuck the thread into the sewing machine, and no problems with it, you can be sure: the stitch will please high quality, and the work will go smoothly and quickly.
How to tuck the thread into a Janome machine
You are the lucky owner of a sewing machine “Janome” or “Brother”, Or maybe time-tested “Gulls”, Or “Podolsk”.
You suddenly had a malfunction while sewing, the thread got tangled or broke in the needle or hook, or the needle itself broke? Know you didn’t thread the sewing machine correctly. Of course it’s important to be able to do the job well and safely, and not waste extra time pulling up ruined stitches. It is very important to work with the right sequence and tactics.
How to fill a sewing machine and do it correctly you ask?
Be sure to read and study the theoretical part before working on your machine.
First of all you need to learn how to tuck the thread into the sewing machine. If you look at your machine, you will see that it most often uses 2 threads when sewing the lower and upper thread. From the bobbin starts the lower thread and from the bobbin starts the upper thread.
If you tuck the machine in incorrectly, it will refuse to sew or just tear the thread.
Wind the work thread onto the bobbin and place the top pin on the thread spool.
Then we tuck in the upper thread. It comes from the bobbin and is threaded into the eye of your needle.
Pull the thread from the spool through a special holder near the casing.
then guide our thread through the thread tension regulator and thread the hook, or rather a compensation spring.
thread the thread through the special hole in the thread guide, out of it, into the fastener and into the eye of the needle.
leave at least 9-10 cm of free thread and thread it under the presser foot.
How to adjust a good thread tension?
The next step is to check the thread tension.
The mechanism that pulls the upper thread is a cylinder shaped twisting mechanism, it is located on the side or top of the case.
Keep in mind, you can do a test stitch to see if the thread is tight. If it is neat and flat, then the thread is correct.
If the stitching is pulling on the outside of the fabric, then the tension needs to be loosened. Conversely, if the tension is weak on the underside we will see places of tension.
Slowly adjust the tension until the stitching is perfect.
The upper thread is threaded, now the lower thread must be threaded
See if your bobbin is empty. Fill it with thread of the right size and color.
Take the bobbin with the selected thread and put it on the holder, it is located on the body. Secure it with the cap to hold it in place.
The thread from the spool has to go through two holders.
The next step is to thread the hook: With today’s electric models, you simply press the “Start” and then you press the pedal. The bobbin winds itself for 30 seconds.
When there is no pedal, turn the thumbwheel and wind the right amount of thread on the bobbin.
Remove the bobbin from the holder and insert it into the hook, which is located at the bottom of the machine. If you hear a distinctive click, you are on the right track.
And the last step is to put the upper and lower thread together.
Turn the flywheel toward you and don’t forget to hold the upper thread.
The needle will come down to the bobbin and hook the lower thread carefully.
Carefully pull the upper thread by the tip so that the lower thread comes out.
The ends of both threads should peek out at 3 to 4 cm.
Connect the threads and place them under the presser foot.
There are no complications. There just isn’t a pin that holds the bobbin in place when you install it. You take the bobbin and thread and place it so that the thread runs counterclockwise instead of clockwise. Make a few moves around the levers. Most of these machines do not have a bobbin cap.
Threading an electric sewing machine shouldn’t be too difficult. A common algorithm works for it. How to thread a sewing machine. There are models with fully automatic threading and adjustment of the thread tension, built-in memory and a signal in case of any problems. This is a great option for beginner tailors.
How to sew with a twin needle?
In order to sew comfortably with a twin needle, should not only tuck the two upper threads well, but also must reduce the tension of the lower thread in the bobbin, as the lower thread on the wrong side of the fabric will be stretched between the two upper. Relax a little tension on the upper threads to avoid tension causing the upper threads to break.
If possible, use a thread that will be threaded into the bobbin, one number thinner than the upper. In this way you create the ideal conditions on the machine to get a good stitch.
Threading a Janome sewing machine
When installing the needle make sure that the machine is in straight stitch mode so as not to accidentally break the twin needle.
For beautiful and durable stitching it is important to observe one of the basic conditions for effective work: the lower and upper threads in the same thickness and quality.
General points in which order to thread the sewing machine:
- When starting to sew a textile garment, from the selected bobbin you need to wind a little thread on the bobbin.
- Threading the upper thread. Since each machine model has its own characteristics, it is advisable to follow the attached schematic instructional material.
- Threading the lower thread. To perform this step, the bobbin is placed in a special bobbin case.
- The bobbin case, with the bobbin inside, in the intended part of the mechanism.
Important! Check the quality of the bobbin threading. To do this, perform a turn of the flywheel so that the needle went down and up again. One revolution of the shaft should produce a loop.
How to Thread a Sewing Needle on Domestic Sewing Machines?
When buying a new model of sewing machine a lot of questions arise with the device of the needle and how to properly tuck the thread. However, to no longer have problems, you either need to practice for a long time, or understand the very device of the sewing needle. The needle is now in its current shape thanks to Singer designers and is now in the following shape on all modern models:
A thicker bulb with a sheared part of the needle is inserted all the way into the needle threader;
Next, the bulb passes into the needle rod, according to the size of which these accessories are marked;
Sewing needle ends with a point and grooves of different shapes and sizes.
Some outdated models of machines still use needles with a round bulb, their installation is slightly different from the updated shape. Such needles are also used in industrial machines.
When using sophisticated sewing devices from foreign manufacturers, you must first read the instruction manual, which will tell which side to insert the needle and threading. However, it is worth remembering a few recommendations that apply to any machine model for home use. To replace the needle must first be placed in the upper position, then unscrew the screw mount with a special screwdriver, whose length does not exceed 12 cm, otherwise it simply will not fit into the distance between the sleeve and holder. A mirror is recommended for accurate needle positioning.
When the electromechanical machine is completely ready to thread, you can start, the machine should be on. First wind the thread onto the bobbin. To do this, install the spool of thread on a special rod on top of the machine and pull the thread around the tension disk prepared bobbin. Then the bobbin winder is moved to the right to secure the position. Then gently start winding by simply depressing the foot controller. The machine will automatically stop when the bobbin is ready for further work. Next, remove the bobbin from its holder by simply pushing it to the left.
After winding the bobbin or with the bobbin already threaded, you can begin to work by first threading the needle:
First, make sure that the machine is switched off.
Then use the handwheel to raise the thread guide to the highest position.
Place the spool on the holder so that the thread separates behind.
Then pass the thread through the upper thread guide and then down around the thread guide lever, with the thread to the right.
Next, the thread is guided through the bottom conductor and reaches the inner bend.
The thread is always threaded on the long groove side only. In some models from left to right in others vice versa.
After these manipulations you need to put the bobbin into the bobbin case, and it, in turn, into the appropriate hole under the cover.
Before placing the bobbin case in place at least 10 cm of thread must be unwound.
Then turn the flywheel away from you and the lower thread should come out of the base of the machine to form a loop with the upper thread.
When all manipulation is complete, pull out both threads so that they are behind the foot, with the upper thread always running between the legs of the foot.
If done correctly, you are assured of beautiful, even stitching without skipping stitches or constantly tearing thread. If the quality of the stitching is far from ideal, it is advisable to re-tuck the thread.
How to insert the bobbin into the sewing machine: “Singer”, Brother, Janome
Before installing the piece directly, check that the width of the spool matches the width of the cap. The bobbin must fit “comfortably” inside the cap. It should not be obstructed by anything to rotate. In doing so, its width should not exceed the edge. If the surface of the part will appear chips, cracks and nicks, then this will sooner or later lead to hooks and thread breakage during the stitching. Even if the thread does not break, it can be extremely detrimental to the quality of the work.
In addition to insertion, a number of additional operations must be done to wind the thread. If the process is unfamiliar, you should use the step-by-step instructions:
- Install the bobbin on a special pin, which is located on the upper body of the sewing machine.
- Unwind some thread and wind it on the bobbin by hand. If the part is made of plastic, it usually has a special hole for inserting the thread and the subsequent winding.
- Place a small spool on the reel and fix it well.
- Press the pedal on the manual or automatic machine to start the winding process.
Important! It remains to wait for the automatic winding process to complete. If necessary, you can stop the machine when the bobbin is full of thread, when the winded amount is enough.
Then do the installation itself, but before it is also important to check what type of hook mechanism used in the sewing machine. With the horizontal hook, the procedure is as follows:
- Remove the lid. It all depends on the model. It is disconnected in different ways in different machines. Read the operating instructions.
- Take the tucked piece and wind off about 10-20 centimeters of thread. This action is necessary to bring it out through the needle, single, double-stranded, or top thread.
- Insert the threaded bobbin into the cap.
- Return the lid to its place.
- Pull the lower thread out.
If the hook of the machine is vertical, then the step-by-step process of threading it is as follows:
- Remove the cap. For this, as in the previous case, it is best to read the instructions for use of the device.
- Unwind 15-20 centimeters of thread from the spool and put the part in the holder (cap).
- Pull the end of the thread through the tension regulator. It is important that the direction of thread corresponds to the position of the spring.
- Insert the cap into the hook, holding it by the highlighted tab or latch.
- Replace the cap and press the latch until you hear a click, indicating that the part is in place.
- Check the correctness of the actions. The tail of the cap should be in a special slot in the hook device.
- Close the cap in the usual way.
- Bring the bottom thread out.
Sewing machine Janome 90A anniversary model
Janome is a Japanese company founded on October 16, 1921. Sewing machines are made in Japan, Taiwan and Thailand. Janome plants absorbed the best achievements in the production of sewing machines. Production complies with recognized quality standard ISO 9014.
Janome company to its 90-year anniversary has released a sewing machine Janome 90A. A powerful and reliable machine with a cast iron frame. Automatic needle threader, presser foot pressure regulator, bobbin winder and many other features of the machine will delight sewing lovers.
Janome 90A has an optimal set of stitches, among which several overlock stitches and quite a few stitches to work with knitwear.
If you open the top lid, you will see a manual, which indicates how long and width of stitch to use for any sewing operation, as well as what to set the foot and thread tension.
Under the top cover is also a convenient place to store legs, a set of needles and other accessories. And the horizontal positioning of the spool allows the thread to unwind smoothly without jerking.
Machine is equipped with a regulator foot pressure on the fabric, which allows to work with thin and “problem” fabrics.
Janome 90A sewing machine sews buttonholes automatically. To sew a buttonhole, insert a button in the foot measuring device and set the width and density of the buttonhole. The machine sews the buttonhole and stops itself at the end of sewing.
Handy needle threader makes it easy to thread the needle.
Modern horizontal hook makes it easy for you to thread the bobbin and lets you see how much thread is left on the bobbin.
How to Thread a Janome Sewing Machine tutorial with Close Ups
You can remove a part of the sewing machine table for easy processing of cuffs, bottoms of pants and other tubular items. The function is called “free arm”
Included with the sewing machine Janome 90A is a hard plastic cover to protect against dust and accidental damage.
Buy a sewing machine Janome 90A in Kharkov and Ukraine you can right now by ordering online or by calling our contact numbers.
All equipment purchased in the stores “Shvyniy Mir” provided warranty service. At the end of the warranty period, there is a fee for post-warranty service. The sewing and knitting equipment warranty is valid for 1, 2 or 3 years with service in the network of service centers “Shveyniy Mir”. Maximum warranty period. 2 years warranty is given for Pfaff, Husqvarna sewing machines and 3 years. On Family sewing machines.
Sewing machine stitches
The number of stitches in a modern machine ranges from about 10 in the younger models, to several hundred in complex computerized machines. Sewing machine stitches are commonly divided into work stitches and decorative stitches:
By working stitches include, in addition to the traditional straight stitch and zigzag, also loops, overlock stitches, stitching for sewing and processing stretch fabrics, stitches for invisible hemming bottoms of products, stitches for quilting and some others.
The range of decorative stitches in mechanical machines is limited. Perhaps the largest set of stitches in this class can be found in Pfaff Select 4.0. However, due to the design limitations, the decorative stitches of mechanical machines are not very interesting, and when choosing an electromechanical machine, you should probably not attach much importance to the number of stitches.
All machines with computer control can perform a variety of decorative stitches. These are a variety of ornaments, festoon undercuts, stitches made with satin-finish, elements of simple embroidery. Cross stitches, tracery, openwork stitches, etc. Complex models have one or more alphabets stored in memory. Some models (such as the Husqvarna Sapphire) have not only Latin, but also Russian alphabets and hieroglyphs in their arsenal.
Usually any stitch of a computerized machine can be modified by changing the length and width of the stitch. Many machines have a mirror function horizontally and vertically, as well as turn the stitch.
Some computerized machines have a memory in which you can enter certain combinations of letters (such as names of family members) or sequences of decorative elements to embroider some border.
Type of shuttle device
Modern domestic sewing machine when sewing the silk performs either oscillatory motion, or rotates horizontally or vertically. Accordingly, the shuttles are called “vertical rocking”, “horizontal rotating” and “vertical rotating”.
The vertical rocking shuttle is the simplest. Many are familiar with it, for example, by domestic sewing machines “Chaika”. This type of shuttle used by all manufacturers in inexpensive electromechanical machines. The disadvantages of this type of shuttle are increased vibration during operation, low sewing speed, limiting the length and width of the stitch (no more than 5 mm) and not the highest quality stitch.
Horizontal rotary hook is the most common type of hook. This is the easiest to thread the bobbin with. The bobbin of such a hook is visible through a transparent window on the needle plate. This is convenient because it makes it easy to see how much thread is left on the bobbin. Machines equipped with this hook vibrate less because the hook rotates instead of swinging. It should be noted that machines with a horizontal hook never tangle bobbin thread. Horizontal hook does not require lubrication.
Vertical rotary hook used in the construction of sewing machines Pfaff. Canes of similar design are used in industrial sewing machines. Main advantage. High reliability. Machines equipped with such a hook also vibrate less than cheap designs and also reduces the likelihood of bobbin thread entanglement. An important advantage of this design over the horizontal hook is the ease of adjusting the tension of the bobbin thread. However, the vertical shuttle requires regular lubrication.
Organizer for bobbins and presser feet
Almost all sewing machines have a box for accessories in a removable part of the platform. But only some are equipped with an organizer in which the bobbin, presser feet and other accessories will always be in place.
Lower Fabric Conveyor. An essential mechanism of the sewing machine which ensures the material advancement and the required stitch length.
Quality stitching is influenced by the number of combs on the lower fabric conveyor.
7-segment feed dog ensures good penetration of the fabric with a width of 15 mm. The width of the fabric conveyor an important parameter that determines how evenly the fabric will move without displacement of layers during sewing, and ultimately, how good quality stitching will be.
Wide toothed rack lets you work with any kind of fabric!
Upper Fabric Conveyor
Fabric conveyor. integral mechanism of any, even the most ancient sewing machine. It is the conveyor belt that provides the necessary stitch length by pushing the fabric between the two needle punctures. Machines fitted with a normal fabric conveyor can cause problems when sewing thin fabrics such as silk, chiffon, viscose, thin synthetic fabrics. Layers of fabric can shift in relation to each other. Also, when sewing e.g. plaid or striped fabrics, it can be difficult to achieve a perfect overlap due to the same offset. To solve this problem, the upper fabric conveyor is used.
Typically, it is a device that is attached in place of the presser foot and helps move the fabric from above. In this way both layers of fabric are fed at the same time, like in industrial sewing machines, and the patterns are not displaced.
Pfaff. the only company that equips its machines with an integrated upper fabric conveyor, the so-called IDT (Integrated Dual Transporter) system. Built-in conveyor belt is good that allows you to work with any foot, while the removable only with a universal foot, which is often not convenient. Pfaff machines are very popular with home tailors because of the built-in overhead conveyor.
Stitch length and width
The width of the stitch affects how wide and expressive the decorative stitches will be. It is good if the stitch width is at least 6 mm. Pfaff machines have the maximum width of stitches in domestic machines. 9mm. The maximum stitch length gives you an indication of how thick fabrics can be sewn with the machine. The best examples of sewing machines have a stitch length of 6 mm, and most inexpensive machines. 4 mm.
Most machines have an infinitely variable stitch length (the machine has a stitch length adjuster).
And there are machines that do not regulate the stitch length. These machines have a discrete change of stitch length, ie the list of programs machines laid three or more kinds of straight stitch with a certain length.
Stitch length and width
The value of the width of the stitch affects how wide and expressive decorative stitches will be. It is good if the stitch width is at least 6 mm. The maximum width of household machines have Pfaff Expression. 9mm. The maximum stitch length is an indirect indicator of how much thicker the fabric can be sewn with the machine. The best examples of sewing machines have a stitch length of up to 6 mm, and most inexpensive machines. 4mm.
Adjusting the stitch width
Adjusting the width of the operation allows you to smoothly change the stitch width for all zigzag stitches.
There are sewing machines in which only the width of the zigzag itself is adjustable.
Adjusting the zigzag width
In some machines, the width of the zigzag itself varies smoothly.
There are machines in which the discrete change of width zigzag, ie in the list of programs of the machine laid three or more types of zigzag with a certain width.
The width of other zigzag stitches cannot be adjusted (it is fixed).
Almost all but the most primitive household electromechanical machines can do straight cast-off buttonhole. Other buttonholes are not available on electromechanical machines. Many machines make this buttonhole in Semi-automatic In four-step mode without turning the fabric. In order to sew a buttonhole there are four different buttons. left side buttonhole, far side buttonhole, right side buttonhole, near side buttonhole.
Some electromechanical machines allow you to make the buttonhole automatically according to the size of the button. To do this you must first insert a buttonhole into the buttonhole measuring device of the foot and set the width and density of the buttonhole, and all the rest the machine will do itself.
Computer controlled machines make the loops automatically. Machines from Japanese companies usually make buttonholes in accordance with the size of the buttonhole. European machines allow you to set the desired buttonhole dimensions in millimeters. For exact buttonhole dimensions, Pfaff and Husqvarna have equipped their machines with a device which measures the buttonhole itself while sewing. Computerized sewing machines can sew up to 10 different buttonholes. In addition to the traditional buttonholes, they can be buttonholes for suits, knitted loops, rounded-edge buttonholes and others. In addition, it is possible to make a buttonhole once and store it in memory. Further the machine will make any number of absolutely identical buttonholes.
Number of buttonholes
Almost all domestic electromechanical machines can make Straight cast iron buttonholes. Other types of buttonholes are not available on electromechanical machines.
Computerized sewing machines can sew up to 10 different buttonholes. In addition to traditional linen loops, these can be suit loops with eyelets, knit loops, loops with rounded edges, and others.
Maximum speed limiter
The sewing speed of any domestic sewing machine can be continuously adjusted by pressing the foot pedal. For particularly difficult or demanding sewing on difficult or demanding fabrics it is very useful to have a maximum speed limiter. This regulator, which allows for smooth speed limitation, can be located on the panel of the machine. Sometimes the limiter is placed on the foot pedal and such a switch allows you to limit the speed by half.
Programmable needle stop at up/down position
No need to turn the handwheel unnecessarily when using a machine with needle position programming. The needle will always stop at the highest position. When you want to lower the needle to rotate the fabric, simply press the up/down needle position button. The needle will drop to the lower position and stop until the next button is pressed.
Some machines are equipped with a practical needle threader which makes it easier to thread the needle.
Balancing knit stitches
Depending on the type of fabric, knit stitches may look different than shown in the instructions. With knit stitch balancing, this problem can easily be solved at home. In addition, this adjustment can be used to create additional stitch patterns based on existing stitches.
Adjusting the stitch length (frequency) when sewing the left and right sides of the buttonhole will allow you to adjust the machine for a smooth, neat and nice-looking buttonhole.
Horizontal or vertical positioning of the bobbin
The horizontal position of the spool, unlike the vertical, allows the thread to unwind smoothly and without jerking, which leads to a stable thread tension and smoother stitching.
How to Thread a Janome Sewing Machine
Regulator for presser foot pressure on fabric
To get good stitching, with a given length of stitch and no misalignment of layers of material relative to each other, for thin and thick fabrics requires different force press foot fabric layers to the bottom conveyor. Thin fabrics require more pressure, thicker fabrics require more pressure to make thickening easier to pass. less. Many sewing machines have a regulator for presser foot pressure on the fabric, which allows you to adjust the pressure force for better results. It is especially important to have a pressure regulator when sewing knitwear as it tends to stretch a lot under the presser foot, and releasing the pressure can reduce the stretching effect. In machines equipped with a top cloth conveyor, the presence of the presser foot pressure controller is not principal.
Automatic stop when winding the bobbin
Most machines have an automatic stop feature when the bobbin is fully wound. This is one of the most unnecessary functions.
For some sewing jobs, such as darning or sewing on buttons, the teeth of the lower conveyor belt must be lowered.
Hard or soft cover
Sewing machines can be equipped with a lightweight hard plastic cover for protection against dust and accidental damage.
Soft case is a simple bag of thick polyethylene or other similar material. Overlockers are equipped only with soft covers.
All household sewing machines with a shuttle stitch for many years equipped with needles of standard 130/705 H. Household overlock machines use needles of standard ELx705, you can also use needles 130/705 H. Overlock needles differ from shuttle stitch sewing machine needles by their larger eye size. The best needles are considered the needles of the German company Schmetz.
Country of manufacturer
A variety of sewing machine selection in our stores provides such companies as Pfaff (Germany-Sweden), Husqvarna VIKING (Sweden), Brother (Japan), Janome (Japan) and Family (Japan).
In Europe, the production of machines placed only two companies from the list. Pfaff produces machines in the Czech Republic and Sweden, and Husqvarna only in Sweden. However, only the more expensive series are made in Europe. Simple and inexpensive products these companies make in Taiwan. Low-cost machines from Taiwan usually have a special name. Husqvarna has the Huskystar series, Pfaff has the. “Pfaff Hobby.
Janome and Brother only assemble the most expensive sewing and embroidery machines in Japan. Main production is usually located in Taiwan. However, the cheapest machines can be assembled in China. Practice shows that the quality of Chinese machines often does not stand up to criticism, while the quality of Taiwanese products usually does not arise.
Reverse sewing machine. Locking
To sew in reverse, press and hold the reverse sewing button as far as it will go, while gently depressing the foot controller. To sew in the forward direction, release the key. Sewing in reverse is used to secure and reinforce seams. It is possible to use reverse fabric advancement to perform decorative stitches as well as to perform darning of garments.
Place the spool of thread on its designated rod and run the thread around the thread tension control while winding it onto the bobbin. 2. Pass the end of the thread through the hole in the bobbin from the inside. 3. Place the bobbin on the bobbin winder shaft and slide the shaft to the right. Manually rotate the bobbin clockwise until the spring on the shaft is in the designated slot on the bobbin. 4. Holding the end of the thread, gently press the pedal so that several turns of thread are wound onto the bobbin. Then stop the machine. 5. Cut the excess thread over the bobbin, then press the foot pedal to continue winding the thread onto the bobbin. Note: When the bobbin is full of thread, the machine automatically stops. 6. Once the machine is stopped, cut the thread between the bobbin and spool, slide the shaft to the left, and remove the wound bobbin from the shaft. Note: When the bobbin winder shaft is moved toward the pressure roller, the needle bar is stationary, but the handwheel continues to rotate. Therefore, do not touch the handwheel while winding the bobbin.