Change the processor: how to remove the cooler and install the processor.
A powerful processor is comfort and convenience when using a computer. It so happens that when buying a computer or laptop, people incorrectly choose a CPU, which is slower than necessary to solve their problems. This usually happens due to the savings and hope for a further upgrade of the computer (when the money is), or just because of a lack of knowledge. But even if the top CPU was bought, then in a few years he manages to become obsolete morally, and the processor performance is no longer enough to solve the tasks assigned to it. In this case, you can do UPGRADE computer: Replace the processor. In this article we will talk about, how to remove the cooler and replace the processor In a regular desktop computer (desktop system). Such a laptop Upgrade is quite complicated, and sometimes it is completely impossible. Even if your Notebook’s model allows such an upgrade, then the CPU replacement instructions for your model must be found on the network.
The processor replacement procedure is generally simple and unpretentious: 0. Disconnect power from the system unit! Disconnect all wires from him! one. Open a system unit; 2. Remove the cooler with CPU; 3. Open Socket with a processor; 4. Replace the processor; 5. Close Socket; 5. Apply a layer of thermal paste to a new processor; 6. Install the cooler.
How to open a system unit: this is usually done by unscrewing several screws around the perimeter of the rear panel of the system. Modern housing models and more often they use screws with a rolled head, for the twisting of which it is not even required to be a screwdriver. Do not rush to twist all the screws! Most likely, it is possible to remove only one side cover, behind which there is full access to all components of the system unit. In order to remove the sidewall (or the entire casing), it is necessary to shift them slightly in the direction from the front/front panel to the rear wall (literally 1 centimeter). After which the removed element is easily separated from the chassis. So, they dealt with the body Put it on the side to make it more convenient to work.
How to remove the cooler: there are many variations on this step. It all depends on the installed model of the cooler. Typically, the dismantling method should become clear after a visual review. We recommend that these operations are carried out in a fairly free space where you can turn the entire computer of the computer into a more convenient position without interference.
If the system is equipped Intel CPU and the most popular standard solution for its cooling, then removing the cooler is quite simple. It is necessary to turn 4 plastic pin with a flat head in the direction indicated by the arrow on their “hats”, and pull it slightly upward. After these manipulations, each of the pins can Remove the cooler, also carefully pulling him up.
If your system unit is equipped AMD CPU and a boxing cooler, then find one on it or A couple of “levers”, which must be “threw” in the other direction. After this, the bracket, pressing the radiator, will weaken and allow to “throw off” its ends from the hooks on the socket (nest for CPU), after which you can remove the cooler from the processor.
In the case when a non.standard solution is established for cooling CPU, you will most likely need a screwdriver, which needs to turn out several screws (usually four) that hold the radiator on the processor. It is possible to have an additional frame on the back of the “motherboard” to prevent bending of the last. Examples of such “non.standard” fasteners can be seen in the photo above. In the most difficult cases, it may be necessary to remove the video card or even the entire motherboard from the case, but this is quite rare. Such systems are usually used by enthusiasts who like to “indulge” with extreme overclocking of processors and video cards. So, if you have never removed the cooler and do not belong to it’s, then 90% your system is equipped with a typical CPU cooling solution, and removal problems should not arise.
Additionally, we pay attention only to the fact that a thermal paste, which could already be between the radiator and the processor dry, As a result, the CPU and the radiator can stick a little. in this case, after unscrewing (unfolding) the cooler, it is necessary to apply some effort when it is removed. Additionally, you can try a bit to turn the radiator relative to the processor. This is easier to peel off the cooler. If the thermointease has not dried, then it is very getting dirty. Consider this moment and have a rag or hand for hand at hand.
How to remove the processor: it is necessary to free it from the socket, by way Raising the lever, pressing or processor itself (Intel) or clutching its legs in holes with contacts (AMD). Be careful with the extracted CPU. you should not drop it. In the event of a CPU fall without legs, nothing terrible should happen on the soft floor. the processor should not break. If there are legs on the lower side of it. they may bend and you will have to straighten them. If you drop the processor on a tiled or granite floor, then a chip of a crystal substrate containing hundreds of the finest conductors is quite likely. In the latter case, the processor can be thrown away. it is no longer restored. Generally. Be careful!
The new powerful processor is installed in the socket exactly in the same orientation as the old. For Intel CPU, there is usually a pair of “depressions” on the CPU substrate ends and appropriate protrusions in the juice. AMD processors most often have a marked angle, which is indicated from above with a white triangle and have a bevel on the “figure” of the contacts of the lower side. After proper positioning CPU, insert it into the connector and squeeze it with the help of the existing lever.
After you replaced the processor, it is necessary to apply a thin layer of thermal paste (to the surface in contact with the radiator) and install the cooler. Keep in mind that powerful processors usually have significant heat generation and should be cooled by the corresponding cooler in order to avoid overheating and failure. Modern CPUs, of course, are equipped with temperature sensors and can reduce their energy consumption (and heating), but this is due to a decrease in speed But you replaced the processor by more powerful to increase speed! The final step do not forget to connect Cooler power to the corresponding connector on the motherboard (CPU_FAN), close the body of the system unit and wrap in the place of the screws unscrewed in the first step.
If you discard possible the possible nuances, which will be discussed further, then the procedure does not seem so complicated. It should only be remembered that all actions should be done carefully. The main rule of disassembly is always: “Do not try to make efforts, especially if the” iron “resists it”. Following this rule will avoid unnecessary mechanical damage. To remove the cooler from the processor, you need:
How to UN-Build a Computer
Important! It will not be superfluous to let the computer stand 10 minutes before further disassembly. This is associated immediately with two factors: heating and residual charge in the capacitors. The first is just unpleasant. The second can cause tangible harm to the user and even components, with poor insulation of the power supply.
Twist the bolts on the body. For convenience in understanding, they are shown in the image. It should be borne in mind that you need to twist the right cover (if you look at the back, respectively, the left one. if you look at the system unit in front). The opposite is recorded stronger (often even soldered to the body).
Note! In general, completely disconnecting the wires and remove the RAM to remove the cooler from the processor, but for the first 10-15 removes this is necessarily. So that the hands are used to the operation and could not harm the surrounding components.
- Remove the cooling fan itself with the radiator from the processor. Almost always they are delivered and removed together too.
How to find out the characteristics of your computer or laptop. The procedure for removing the cooler from AMD or Intel processors depends on the method of its implementation and may require both minimal efforts and huge physical costs. We will consider each of the cases separately.
The mount determines which algorithm of further actions should be applied. The cooling fan can be attached in the following ways:
Therefore, we will consider each type separately with the mention of the necessary tools.
Stils are considered a common option for cooers on the socket of 775 (Intel), although they are also found in other specifications. Budget fans are attached to latches. These latches are the main vulnerable place for such cooling systems.
To remove the cooler from the processor on the latches, you will need to turn counterclockwise the 4th mechanism (you need to make a turn on ¼ circle). Getting the iron part to pull the cooler.
If the latches are broken off (they are very tender and an effort to open borders with an effort for fault), it is better to contact the service center. Without proper experience, it is almost impossible to remove or install a cooler with a damaged latch.
To remove such a cooling system, you will need a screwdriver (cross or corresponding to the type of screw). Either an alternative tool like thin flat rods to unscrew the screw. By showing prudence and caution, you can cope with a knife, risking less than when opening latches with bare hands.
4 bolts are removed (they are not removed from the fan housing), after which the released element can be safely removed.
The mounting method is characterized by AMD processors and their cooling systems. The design looks as follows and has a lever:
This lever will need to be turned to free the cooling system, after which it can be pulled out.
Combined mounting systems are found in the so.called brand computers, where the latch is combined with bolts (less often everything is found at once). The cooling system is made as simple as possible and is less susceptible to damage during disassembly.
What is a chipset and why it is used
The disassembly algorithm repeats the actions for each of the corresponding types. The order is respected: first screws, then latches.
Liquid cooling systems are removed much more complicated. over, for each model, the procedure is unique, therefore it is not possible to describe the overall procedure.
How to remove the cooler on latches?
To remove the cooler from the processor on the latches, you will need to turn counterclockwise the 4th mechanism (you need to make a turn on ¼ circle). Getting the iron part to pull the cooler. If the latches are broken off (they are very tender and an effort to open borders with an effort for fault), it is better to contact the service center.
Replacing the processor on a computer with a more powerful one. a process that you need to approach as carefully as possible. Before proceeding with this process, it is necessary to clearly understand that the wrong installation can lead to the subsequent overheating of the chip during the load, and, therefore, to its breakdown.
How to remove the cooler from the AMD processor without damaging the processor
How to remove the cooler from the processor. the cooler is a combination of the fan and the radiator performing the function of the air cooling of the central processor in the computer. If the cooler malfunctions, the processor will quickly heat up from the power released, as a result of which it may fail. Therefore, each user needs to be able to correctly remove the cooler from the processor, while not injuring anything.
In modern computers there are several categories of coolers with different fastening systems. Their list is presented here:
Fixing with screws. In this case, the cooler is attached to the heat voltage using special screws with a slot under a small screwdriver.
Fastening using a special fixing mechanism installed on the basis of the radiator. The equipment fastened in this way is easily removed and installed. When removing it, you will need to simply push the latches a little to the side.
Another design of the fixing mechanism is made using a groove. It is also easy to dismantle the cooler, you just need to move the lever to the side. In some structures of mounting for actions with the lever, a special paper clip is included with the cooler. You can also use a screwdriver.
There are types of coolers that are made monolithic with the radiator, and many do not know how to remove the cooler from the processor. In this case, you will need to remove the radiator along with the fan. As a rule, the option of dismantling this component becomes clear during the first inspection.
In the event that you perform work on a personal computer, it is advisable to place the body of the system unit in the horizontal plane. Since it is more convenient to work in this position and the possibility of accidental falling out of the components slots is excluded. Be sure to remove all the accumulated dust inside the body!
Now the sequence of steps when dismantling the cooler:
First of all, the wire of the supply voltage from the fan is disconnected. To do this, carefully remove the wire from the corresponding connector. In separate models, it is absent, since the supply voltage is supplied to the connector in which the radiator and cooler are installed.
Next, dismantle the radiator along with the fan. Free the screws with a screwdriver and put them aside. After removing the screws, take up with one hand for the radiator and with a light movement to the right and left, and then remove the heat sink along with the fan upwards. If the mount is made using a lever or latch, then just take them aside and remove the radiator.
Когда радиатор не поддается снятию, то скорее всего теплопроводная паста на процессоре от высокой температуры высохла и образовала своеобразную накипь. This is precisely this scale and does not allow the radiator free from the processor freely. In order not to force the heat sink by force, but to extract it in a more sparing way, for this you need the location of the heat sill with the processor to warm up well with a hairdryer.
How to remove a radiator from a processor
The radiator can be attached directly to the motherboard with screws, then you just need to unscrew them. Either a plastic slot frame is attached to the motherboard, and the radiator is pushed into it. In this case, to remove the radiator, we raise the lock holding the fastening bracket. We remove the bracket from the groove from both sides and carefully pull up.
If the thermal paste has dried up between the processor and the radiator, the radiator can withdraw along with the processor. In this case, carefully shame the processor with a wooden or plastic tool and disconnect. It is better to do this in gloves.
How to remove the fan?
When removing the processor cooler, follow the accuracy so as not to damage the chip and the surrounding elements. The fans are attached in two ways: using locks or on bolts. There are also ineffective.
If the cooler is fixed to the radiator with latches, just bend from and pull it out of the locks. Then disconnect the nutrition from the motherboard. With bolts similarly. unscrew them with a screwdriver and remove the fan.
With an inconspicuous design, only surface cleaning can be carried out.
To remove the fan from the power supply, unscrew the power supply from the body, disconnect all the wires. Then unscrew the lid and remove the cooler. Remember how the fan costs, so that at the end of the procedure put it in its original position. In some PSU, the food wire cannot be disconnected, because it is soldered to the board. in this case you will have to work in constrained conditions.
There are fans in size 120 and 80 mm on the power supply, usually small noisy
In order to remove the cooler from the video card, remove it from the motherboard slot. Then unscrew the bolts of the cooling system with a thin screwdriver. Depending on the model of the video card, the cooler can be built into the radiator or attached to separate bolts. You only need the fan itself.
Step.by.step algorithm for disconnecting the culer of the video card
How to choose a compatible cooler?
First we need to find out what motherboard is installed in our PC. It depends on the characteristics of the motherboard whether the cooler is suitable for installation or not.
How to Remove and Install Fan from Motherboard
We find the manufacturer and the model of the motherboard on the board itself, or we use special programs to view the characteristics, for example, the most popular ones are “CPU-Z” or “AIDA64”.
Using the motherboard model, we find out on the official website of the manufacturer, which “socket” is supported. it is this characteristic that is perhaps the most important for the selection of cooler, the socket determines the models of compatible motherboards and cooling systems. In our case, a socket for the ASUS P5G41T-M LX2/GB motherboard is LGA 775. Now it remains to choose a cooler with the support of the LGA 775 socket.
Read MSI GF63 Thin: There is no initialization after cleaning from dust
I work in the service center, I try to publish interesting repairs that can help novice repairmen.This time brought the MSI GF63 Thin laptop for repair. When clicking on the power button. The screen is black, the inclusion indication is. According to the client. The problem arose after replacing thermal paste, no image. Before replacing the devices from the dispatcher, a discrete video card disappeared, which was the reason that the client wanted to clean the laptop from dust and replace thermal grease. Board (MS-16R31), consumes when turned on about 0.3A.I disassemble. The hub is immediately striking. I honestly don’t know how to change thermal pavement so that the crystal bursts. See for yourself:
I order a new hub, but while it is going, I take off the old one and pass the braids with a braid, then wash off the remnants of the flux.
Also, when changing the hub, BIOS with a clean region should be flashed. I download it from the office site, fall out of the microcircuit and sew it with the programmer, not forgetting to transfer Windows key and DMI key to the new dump.After the hub has arrived, I install it and wash it off from the flux.
It turned out well, but only after turning on the initialization there is still no, and consumption became even lower. 0.1a. There are two options: either the hub was sent by the BU and it was heeded (bought as a new one) or a short circuit in secondary nutrition. I didn’t have to look for a long time. I ran my fingers along the peripheria: first of all I watch the network, cartrider controller, sound. Fingers burned on an audio cod. I remove the chip with a hairdryer, having previously wrapped with foil on top of everything that can melt.
When turning on without an audio codak, the laptop started and gave out. But the video card is natural in the device dispatcher is missing.
I put a working audio codak, check the sound. All OK.From further repairs. video chip replacement, the client refused due to the high cost of the video chip. I put a laptop on the system stability test in AIDA64 for two hours. After such a test, if there are any sores. They usually get out.
After a successful test, the laptop is issued to the client.
Disk cloning when everything is not just
Once, in the wake of the announcement, I updated my computer to wines 11. Played, but something began to strain me with a number of absurdities. I decided that it was appropriate to return to wines 10, to blame everything back with a carefully preserved backup. And before the procedure I decided to run through temporary folders, if something would be lost. And he immediately remembered his story, carefully dressed in letters, as he once cloned the disk on the server. I read, showed, decided to share.
I am sitting, it means that somehow at work, I do not touch anyone and dream that no one touches me in the same way. But this is rare, because the need to run away, take out a stuck leaf in a printer, or press the numbers. no one has yet canceled. And all because I work as a programmer-guest-winner of numbers in one provincial town, where there is no less provincial factory dedicated to the processing of raw materials. Well, somehow on one of the surroundings of the March days, when on the street in a spring sparking frost, and knee-deep snow, my favorite old server hung. This server is practically my peer, so I love it as a native. Well, therefore, his problems are how easy it is to guess, and my problems too. And here he, as I said, hung, which caused me a persistent cognitive dissonance.
After drinking a coffee (and I always do that, even if nothing is hanging, like a server. By the way, coffee, my friends, you need to drink racially correct, ground, and not soluble duty, which many unreasonable ones also call coffee), I decided to reboot it (server). Suddenly herself will be treated, as is usually the case in 50% of cases. But on a sulfur screen gray from the dust, a frightening inscription appeared with the same gray font, the essence of which, if it is translated from the likely enemy language, is that my reliable SCSI-disk is in poor condition and Maybe will not work at all the next time. Well, what will I do if the disk is as much as the whole server, and this is generally, happiness that on do still worked. Well, I think, this is the moment (about which I dreamed of the last n years) to move from this damn, but a chopped disk on a Sata Raid massive, which is on board and is still inactive strictly. No sooner said than done! He waited for his favorite weekend, dispersed the most hardworking from their homes to their homes and began to move. The first thing that came to mind is cloning! Well, what, acronis is a suitable company, pours out the most excellent products in the collapse of any discs for any pieces and collecting these pieces in a heap. Made a bootable flash drive, loaded and began to copy the disk-in-massive.
The process is tedious, non.unavated, another cup of coffee (and my circle, my friends, should also be racially correct, two.walled, in the manner of the thermos. In such a mug of coffee, it is densely brewed, insisted and poured into its owner warmth, vigor and comfort. Many, by misunderstanding, are trying to brew coffee in some kind of God-dimensional cups, which is why the drink is not tastier than water from a puddle, but we are not driving with such) should have been brightened up, but not-no! No idleness. Acronis with cheerful text informed me that my disk could not accumulate cloudlessly, because there are unreadable sectors. It is then that an attentive reader will say, and what the hell, you did not make remapping at first! To which I will say in response that neither Shisha nor Victoria, nor MHDD SCSI can see, no matter how I tried, so I had to skip these Bad blocks and copy what is there.
Okay, coffee is drunk and digested, the disk on the rade is copied and. And the server was expectedly loaded from it. Apparently something needed (suddenly!) on these sectors there were. After walking in circles, sitting on the server, he came up with: “We need to roll the OS on top of the crooked discoured disk in recovery mode!”Having rummaged in dusty cabinets, he led to the light of God licensed (this is somehow even pleasant. Bill Gates, too) distributions and began. I have not started anything, for the server CD-rime has long been exhausted and thrown away. And then the first task of this bayard’s fort arises: find, a kind friend, IDE CD-RO, because two (there are only two of them) SATA channel are occupied by an array. Nuacho, not a problem, over there, in the corner a terry tube server stands, from there and tore off. Also to me, the problem! Heh, problems will be further.
The donor CD-rime, Reset, threw the disc with the distribution and. And not a devil. For in the standard distribution of an old Windows 2003 there are no drivers either on SCSI or RAID devices, which immediately and unknownly delivered.
So that we remember? And remember that the desired driver needs to slip the installer at the right time. And what’s the beautiful? And everything is fine here: the search for the right driver, recording it on a diset!), sticking it into the flopwater, the search for this floppot, etc.
What throws into a shiver is a diset. Where to get, from whom to ask? Horror. But I have them! A whole pack, neatly packed by the manufacturer. And yes, there is a floppy pine! USB is true, but quite working. Why do I have them? But because the reserve. But not the time to swim in rays of success, for his, success, so far is not expected.
The sun rolled over the horizon for a long time, time was inexorably approaching midnight, and so far it has not smells successful. And it smells another problem, because a carefully made diskette with drivers of the RAID is the right time that? That’s right, I didn’t read. precisely, I read, but the server resentfully said that some file was damaged. Having made half of the disketts to this matter, I suspected that the matter is not in them, not in the file, but in the highest forces, because only otherworldly influence can we explain what the hell native drivers from their native array are not suitable for the native installer.
“This is the end,” thought Stirlitz, and I thought Stirlitz in his own right. “No, well, but these Internets to me what??”I thought again and rushed into the arms of Yandex. And after an hour of digging in the Avgyan heaps of information, I realized that the success of my business is being rolled after the sun. Because my server, his operating room, arrays and so on. full of old and no one for 100 years as not interesting. Not hype, in short. And here, by some miracle (in a good way), he caught on the article in which the same poor fellow does something similar. The essence of his ideas was that it was necessary to enhance the OS on an ordinary hard drive, and even from it acronis to copy the resulting on the array. Well, another difficulty: I have two SATA channels, they are busy, spare SCSI disks are not lying within my office, one thing remains: IDE hard drive! He will have to hang it with a pine on one train, harness, so to speak, ox and trepidable doe in one cart. But. Chu! And where to get this very IDE hard drive, if they are outdated in the past (or even before) the century? Well, yes, there is a couple of discs (see. “I am reserve”), but it should be no less than the original, and this is again a problem.