How to load dishes into a dishwasher
Just purchased dishwasher does not need to be in a hurry to use. First you need to figure out how to load dishes into a dishwasher. It must be arranged correctly, because the quality of the sink of cutlery depends on it.
There are rules that need to be carried out so that the technique does not break, the dishes do not lose its original appearance, there is less water consumption and electricity.
Too many items should not be loaded. The door of the door should not interfere with plates and handles from pans. The instructions from the manufacturer indicate the largest number of items that can be laid out in the baskets for washing in one cycle.
Very dirty, burnt and fat dishes are washed in special mode “with soaking” or “intensive”. Experts advise turning on the dishwasher at night, because at this time the electric network is not very loaded.
Plastic products and small objects are folded in the upper compartment:
Mugs, glasses cannot be placed horizontally, they are turned upside down. This will allow water not to accumulate, but evenly wash the external and inner surface. Saucers should not obscure water flows, between them you need to leave a short distance.
There are dishwashers, for example, Bosch (Bosch), which are equipped with a holder for fuepers and glasses. It is necessary to arrange them so that the water from the sprayer gets inside the dining rooms. Before starting, you should make sure that everything stands reliably in the field.
Many devices provide for a change in the configuration of the compartment, which allows you to wash large pots and wide pans. The plates are placed in the lower tray, tilting them forward and towards the center. Spraying water occurs in all directions, it flows through the details of the device and cutlery, penetrates into all places.
Small and deep plates should be put in the center, and flat and large ones should be placed at the edges, then they are washed evenly. The pans are put so that they do not interfere with the movement of the sprayer. The pans are laid upside down, but since in this position they close small dishes, they recommend washing them separately.
Cutting items must be folded so that the tip is directed down. Spoons do not put close to each other. A large number of dining objects are recommended to alternate, for example, first a knife, then a spoon and a fork. Then the streams of water will rinse well each of them. Folding shelves are used for long cutlery.
Do not rinse the dishes first
If you want to believe it, you want not, but the need to rinse the dishes before loading into a dishwasher is a myth. Despite the fact that it is necessary to clean the remnants of food from the plates, in order to avoid clogs in the car, preliminary rinsing the dishes before loading leads only to additional water consumption and increase accounts.
The idea to squeeze all the dishes into one load may seem very tempting to you, because it can be saved in the way, but the fact is that in the overloaded car, the dishes can be damaged. In addition, it may happen that some objects will not be cleansed, since the overload blocks the flow of water and detergent.
How to put mugs and glasses?
Let’s start the arrangement with cups, mugs and glasses. They are placed in the upper container, up the bottom of the water will wash them from the inside. If you firm on your side, horizontally, then they will not wash off, water from the sprayers will not get inside them.
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For glasses, special holders are provided. Wizers put their leg up. The bunker is cramped, and users are interested in whether the glasses are in contact with? It is forbidden. When washing, glass can break due to micro-clashes of neighboring fuher. In addition to glasses in a plastic holder, coffee cups will be comfortably placed.
The article describes the procedure for loading the dishwasher of the standard depth. But in desktop PMM, these tips are also applicable. you only need to adapt to the compact dimensions of the devices.
Correct selection of operating mode
By loading the dishes into the baskets, making sure that all of it is subject to automatic washing, falling asleep and filling all the means necessary for the work of the dishwasher, you can start the next stage. choosing the operating mode of operation.
A dishwasher, depending on the model, can have up to a dozen (and sometimes more) different programs. Of course, we will not talk about all possible options, we will consider only the main modes that most of the machines are equipped with.
Let’s start our review with the “soaking” program. It is designed for pans with traces of burnt food, as well as for dishes, which was waiting for her time for too long, and therefore there are the remains of frozen fat and dried starch (the latter are rich in potatoes, pasta, porridge). The car will soak, and then wash all these sucked pieces, once formed by food, even without the use of detergent.
Washing pre.soaked dishes will be much easier for her. However, it should be noted that although the dishwasher is able to cope with the dried.up and arrived food residues, it is recommended to independently wash off such contaminants under the tap even before the dishes are placed in the car’s chamber.
The “Intensive Washing” function is in most modern dishwashers. This regime for washing heavily contaminated dishes (pans and pots, plates with fasty foods, fatty dishes) is intended and includes the stages of preliminary and main washing.
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The temperature at which the process occurs can vary from 65 to 70 ° C, and in some models it reaches even 80 ° C. At the same time, the machine “without sparing” consumes water and electricity, so we recommend choosing an “intense sink” only in cases where you are sure that in other modes the equipment will not be able to cope with the task.
Standard mode, each manufacturer called in its own way, often “normal sink”, is suitable for washing dishes of medium-sized pollution, including freshly used pots and pans. The standard program is carried out at a temperature of 60-65 ° C, and the duration of the cycle does not exceed 1-1.5 hours.
Those who are not used to throwing money down the wind should like the program “Economy Moika” (“ECO”, “Economy”, “Eco-mode”, etc.D.). The electricity consumption in this mode is significantly reduced due to a low water heating temperature-50-55 ° C. By the way, your money will help to save your money and the “half download” program. It is indispensable in cases where there is not very much dirty dishes. The process will not only be cheaper due to the abbreviated consumption of water and electricity, but also take less time.
Those who are always in a hurry will like a “fast sink” designed for slightly contaminated dishes. The process, as in economy-mode, is carried out at a temperature of 55 ° C, but its duration is significantly less.
Remember that objects of thin glass, crystal or Faor require especially careful handling: when contacting a detergent solution in too hot water, they can lose their magnificence. For washing such dishes, the function “Delicate washing” is intended. In this mode, the temperature inside the chamber does not rise above 40-45 ° C.
True, the “bathing” dishes in such semi.core water will not help save it from strong pollution, and if you have launched your glasses and glasses so much, you will have to wash them manually. If the most different dishes are loaded into the dishwasher, including the one that is recommended to wash at low temperature, we recommend choosing a sparing mode.
As you can see, the main criteria for choosing a dishes of dishes are its quantity, the degree of contamination and the material from which it is made. It seems to be nothing complicated, so why not transfer to the technique not only washing dishes, but also the solution to the issue of choosing the right regime.
This will be possible if you purchase a dishwasher with the “automatic washing” function. Working in this mode, the machine itself will estimate the amount of loaded dishes and the degree of its pollution, and then, taking into account these data, will select the most optimum water heating temperature and the duration of the process.
Impressive, but we would advise you not to rely completely on automation. Often, the technique, trying to please the owner, is “reinsured” and unreasonably increases the washing time. If it seems to you that the unit, working in automatic mode, strongly delays the process and spends too many resources, return to the independent selection of a suitable program, because the correctness of the choice made largely depends on how much the result will comply with your expectations.
The choice of detergents
For dishwashers use a number of specialized tools with a different purpose.
Many manufacturers are produced for dishwashers: Finish (finish), scala (rock), Amway (Amway), Klar, Somat (Somat), etc.
It is convenient to use tablets in a dishwasher with long cycles and you need to choose them taking into account the hardness indicators of water. In addition to cleaning agents, multicomponent tablets “3 in 1” or “4 V 1” contains additives with the properties of the softener of water, rinses, and others.
With regard to powders or gels that simply wash the dishes, you need to understand that you control their consumption yourself or focus on the sensors installed in the car. Such funds dissolve faster than tablets, so they are more effective in short programs.
Banks for the dishwasher “3 in 1”
Another mandatory component for the proper use of the dishwasher is salt that softens water hardness and prevents the formation of lime plaque (scale) on the dishes and the internal parts of the working chamber. The required amount of salt depends on indicators of water quality. Hardness can be measured on your own or find out from the employees of the water utility and bring data into the memory of the machine. Some models of dishwashers are equipped with an automatic sensor that determines the hardness indicators of water and controlling salt consumption in the required volume.
Salt is used only a special (in no case food!). It is consumed depending on the amount of water in liters spent on the cycle of the machine.
Before the first launch of the dishwasher, a large volume of salt (about 1 kg) is immediately poured into the ion exchanger, and then added as necessary, focusing on the indicators of the control panel
In addition to mandatory dishes of detergents and salt for washing, some at will also add (see. table):
|Rinserticator||Flavoring and improves the quality of drying, and also reduces the likelihood of divorce|
|Deafer||Prevents the settlement of fat particles on the internal details of the machine|
|Localized agent||Dissolves lime plaque|
The rinser is poured into the dispenser, but you can control the flow rate of the product for each washing cycle using the regulator. The optimal ratio of salt and rinsers for dishes from different materials has to be determined experimentally, achieving high.quality drying and lack of stains.
If after the washing cycle you find stains or a muddy plaque on the dish, then you use the dishwasher incorrectly
We offer a video that tells about the use of salt, rinses and other special chemistry in the dishwasher.
Try to use the dishwasher correctly, then it will largely save you from daily household chores and will last a long time. According to statistics, 85% of malfunctions in the work of dishwashers arise as a result of illiterate loading of dishes and use of poor.quality detergents.
Several useful tips
When buying a dishwasher, manufacturers indicate its capacity in the form of the number of containers. A set of dishes means objects in the amount that will be required to eat one person, which is a relative value.
Take into account that in the PMM, designed for 18 sets, in reality they will fit no more than 15-16. Not all the dishes used in the kitchen are suitable for the dimensional standard used by manufacturers in determining the capacity of the dishwasher.
With proper operation of the dishwasher, kitchen utensils will always be well washed
Always place the kitchen utensils so that it does not interfere with the rotation of the rocker. To do this, twist the sprayer with your hand and make sure that it does not hurt vertically located items.
Use for washing only that household chemistry, which is specially designed for dishwashers. Do not try to use detergents for manual wash dishes. they will quickly spoil the dishwasher. Add substances to chemistry several times a year that delete scale deposits on the surfaces of PMM.
As you can see, there is nothing complicated to learn how to properly place kitchen utensils in the dishwasher. Even a child can learn this. it is enough to practice only a few times.
Preliminary preparation before loading
An important role in ensuring a qualitative result, with proper loading of dishes into a dishwasher, is played by preliminary preparation. It includes the following actions:
- Before placing plates, cups and bowls, it is recommended to rinse them with water, especially if the accumulation occurs in a few days.
- With the help of a silicone spatula, large residues of food should be removed in a bucket.
- Dried traces from buckwheat, pea puree, rice and other cereals should be soaked for 10-15 minutes in the sink, and only then put in trays.
Compliance with these recommendations will ensure the cleanliness of the dishes and will save money due to the lower cost of water and electricity. Less often you have to refer to the intensive sink mode.
As a conclusion, it is worth noting that the dishwasher washed the dishes efficiently, the consumer should know how to properly arrange the dishes in the dishwasher.
Site editor.in.chief. I understand the topic of equipment, 10 years of experience in large retail chains. The team of the Technician team is written on the team and expert materials. There are many third.party authors on the site, but I am responsible for the reliability of information in the collections.