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How to make assembly on a sewing machine

How to make assembly on a sewing machine

With manually, everything is clear: we are taught to tie a knot in childhood in labor lessons. But how the ends are fixed when working on a typewriter? There are several options. In the article we will talk about each of them in detail.

When the seam ends, the clamping paw is raised, and the material is taken out from under it together with the upper and lower thread. Of course, the threads are not fixed in any way, and if they simply cut them without tied into a knot, the seam will disperse. It seems that a trifle, but it cannot be ignored. It is easy to fix the ends of the lines, however, at first you will need a certain dexterity.

Manually

This method is universal. it does not depend on the functionality of the sewing machine and is suitable even for finishing seams. The instruction is as follows:

how to assemble Sewing machine tension | Sewing machine tension assemble

  • From both ends leave segments of a thread 8-10 cm long.
  • The size of the stitch at the very beginning and at the end of the seam reduce.
  • When the line is finished, the extreme stitches are pulled from the front side to the inside and tied in strong nodules.
  • The tips of the thread are inserted into the needle ear and 3-4 small stitches are stitched (you need to move according to the allowance). After that, the excess threads cut.

Reverse stitches

For this option, you will have to use the reverse function in the typewriter (reverse). The algorithm is simple:

  • The line is stitched with a direct stroke by 1.5 cm.
  • Turn on the reverse step and return to the beginning of the seam.
  • Again switch to direct move (for these manipulations there is a special lever on the typewriter) and sew to the end.
  • Again switch to a reverse step and flashed back 1.5 cm, and then again. with a direct move forward.
  • When the ends are fixed, you can cut the threads. No need to tie knots.

Continuous line

Simple option, but it is suitable for situations where the edges of the seam are not noticeable. To fix the ends, start and end the line from the very edges of the product without retreat. Then you need to carefully tie the upper and lower threads, while one of them can be slightly moved with a needle to the wrong side.

Important! Nodules should be strong, but tie the threads 3-5 times is not worth. Such impressive nodes will look ugly.

Small fabric assemblies

To perform assemblies along a long cut of the material, 2 parallel lines are laid, and then select the fabric, pulling the threads at the ends of the lines. The final stage is the grinding of the chosen edge to exactly mu or the connection of 2 of us brown edges. Before starting to scribble, weaken the tension of the upper thread. To bring us up the fabric, usually tighten the bobbin thread. Tighten the fabric is easier if the upper stitches are weaker.

  • Stitch with two parallel rows at a distance of 6 mm from each other, leaving the long ends of the threads. Break the line near vertical seams so that the sutures do not fall under the foot.
  • Fold together and align us even and bore edges of the fabric together. Scot with pins across the seams and on the cut marks.
  • On the one hand, fix the line with a pin. From the other end, pull the long ends of the threads and distribute the assembly evenly.
  • Having adjusted the inhabitant edge to a flat cut along the length, strengthen the ends of the lines with a pin. (Collect the fabric from each end towards the center, and not along the entire length from one end.)
  • Divide the assemblies evenly and skate across. Connect with a machine rectilinear line, gently promoting the slot of the foot on the assembly between the lines of 2 seams, gradually removing the pins.
  • Cut the allowances for the seams and process the zigzag. Drink the seams in one direction as they should lie in the finished product. Typically, such seams are smoothed towards the flat edge.
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Choose the right foot, clicking on the link below.

How to use such a paw watch in the video

However, if you have an overlock, then the assembly can be done on it, right now.

Watch the video, I will show how it is done

On the overlock, you can also immediately sew a strict frill, you need a special paw.

As soon as I manage to buy it, I will definitely inform you and show you how to use it. In the meantime, it’s just to automatically pick up the edge too great relief and acceleration in sewing.

Write in the Комментарии и мнения владельцев how you deal with the assembly and whether you used these devices.

If you have an overlock, but you are still afraid to sew on it, sign up for training a knitted boom-student is sure that you will not only “make friends” with this magnificent machine, but also learn to sew knitwear and make great advance in your sewing skills.

Kits with a bunch of paws on Ali Express 900. 1250 r. And good quality. I already bought myself.

Well, if someone needs it, then I bought a similar set for funny money on Ali Express. Delivery is free. change depending on the dollar, so I do not write.

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Direct line work

It is not always easy for beginners to make a straight line. It seems to you that the car sews too fast, the feeling that you are not monitoring anything, you do not know where to put your hands, why grab, how to lead the fabric, where to look. Believe in yourself and in your car!

Pretty instinctively your left hand will lie down next to the paw, and the right one in front of the paw. As for the look, it is better to direct it to the middle of the clamping paw, and not to the needle. Let the car sews it yourself, you just need to correct the fabric with easy movement.

In order to perform straight even lines, you can use the following tips:

The landmarks are indicated in relation to the central position of the needle (the line goes in the center)

Preparation for the assembly of the product

To avoid displacement of details during sewing, you can sweep them manually or by car, and also knit with pins.

make, assembly, sewing, machine

If you use the pattern taking into account the allowances for the seams, combine and align the edges of the connected parts. Scot them, placing pins perpendicular to the edges (on

If you use the pattern without taking into account the allowances to the seams, then transfer to the fabric of the suture line. Scot the details along the lines of the seams (on

It is important not to forget to take out the pins as the line is performed so as not to spoil the needle.

  • For closely located lines, you can use the edge of a crush foot or marks applied to it as guidelines. If there are no marks on the paw or they are not clearly visible, apply them yourself with a permanent marker;

There are red marks on this paw of the Pfaff brand that can serve as guidelines when sewing

In these photos, universal paws with an adjustable guide. Move the runner to the desired distance to lay the line in parallel to the edge of the fabric.

Puppy with a fixed guide. To change the distance between the line and the edge of the fabric, you need to move the needle to the side.

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Guide for quilting. It is usually used to work in patchwork and quilting techniques. Serves as a beautiful guide for lines.

The guide, which is fixed by the screw in the workspace, can also be a useful accessory. Like a guide for quilting, it is compatible with any clamping paw. There are also guides on magnets, but they are used only for mechanical machines.

  • Finally, a piece of painting tape can serve as a guide. It can be glued at any distance, it is inexpensive and easily removed at any time. a convenient replacement of the guides.

Ringing seams

Unfortunately, sometimes there is a need to break the just made line. In this case, the opener is an ideal weapon (for lack of it, you can use scissors for embroidery).

To break the straight line, subpat the lower thread in several places from the inside with the opener. After that, pull the upper thread on the front side of the line. it will immediately come out of the fabric.

Photo 1

This method is not suitable for other types of lines and for very short stitches. In such cases, it is necessary to dilute the parts connected by the line and sequentially spread each stitch.

Photo 2

Small fabric assemblies

To perform assemblies along a long cut of the material, 2 parallel lines are laid, and then select the fabric, pulling the threads at the ends of the lines. The final stage is the grinding of the chosen edge to exactly mu or the connection of 2 of us brown edges. Before starting to scribble, weaken the tension of the upper thread. To bring us up the fabric, usually tighten the bobbin thread. Tighten the fabric is easier if the upper stitches are weaker.

  • Stitch with two parallel rows at a distance of 6 mm from each other, leaving the long ends of the threads. Break the line near vertical seams so that the sutures do not fall under the foot.
  • Fold together and align us even and bore edges of the fabric together. Scot with pins across the seams and on the cut marks.
  • On the one hand, fix the line with a pin. From the other end, pull the long ends of the threads and distribute the assembly evenly.
  • Having adjusted the inhabitant edge to a flat cut along the length, strengthen the ends of the lines with a pin. (Collect the fabric from each end towards the center, and not along the entire length from one end.)
  • Divide the assemblies evenly and skate across. Connect with a machine rectilinear line, gently promoting the slot of the foot on the assembly between the lines of 2 seams, gradually removing the pins.
  • Cut the allowances for the seams and process the zigzag. Drink the seams in one direction as they should lie in the finished product. Typically, such seams are smoothed towards the flat edge.

Smoothing assemblies

When smoothing assemblies from the wrong side, try to “call” the iron with the iron in the open space between them, and not crush the folds.

Connection of two edges of the fabric with the assembly

When connecting 2 stanched edges of the fabric, the tape becomes an important element that does not allow assemblies to shift with a line on a typewriter. Since the combined details of us form a thick dense seam, it is better to use a durable, but thin tape.

  • Cut the tape along the length of the connecting seam and transfer the markup to it. Pin the tape to the wrong side of one of the parts, combining the tags. We get the fabric. Set the tape.
  • The front sides inside, combining all the labels and vertical seams, pin the uniform edge to the inhabitant, adjust the assembly and sign it through all layers.
  • Add a tape to 2 on the typewriter on the typewriter along the line of the connecting seam, holding the fabric with your hands on both sides of the needle. Make the 2nd, strengthens a series of lines along the other edge of the tape at a distance of 6 mm from the seam just made. If you want, process the seam. Drink on the tape, avoiding assembly of assemblies.
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Small assemblies of fabric cord

  • To collect dense material in assemblies or prevent the gap of collecting threads, attach a thin, durable cord above the line of the line. Try not to touch the cord with a needle.
  • Tie one end of the cord and pull for another to get assemblies. The cord after grinding the edge with the assembly can be removed.

How to use a scalp for assembly

If you need to make a simple assembly with a foot without sewing the fabric to another product, then:

  • Set the foot instead of a standard.
  • Season the usual thread.
  • Put the fabric under the foot on the starting point of the seam.
  • Adjust the string lever (the larger the value, the thicker the assembly will be). The best positions are from 6 to 8, the folds are soft.
  • The length of the line is maximum.
  • Install the regulator on a straight line.
  • Make a seam.

If after the end of the line you want to make folds more voluminous, then pull the lower thread. The assembly will become thicker.

make, assembly, sewing, machine

In a similar way you can make a fabric assembly using a foot using a zigzag line. This is suitable if you want to make a decorative seam and folds at the same time. The width of the stitch in this case is better to take the maximum. So the stitches will look more interesting.

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If you need to make an assembly and at the same time sew this part to another, such a foot is perfect. She has a special slot. It is necessary to work in the following sequence:

  • Set the foot instead of a standard.
  • Season the thread.
  • Put the fabric for assembly under the foot at the seam start point.
  • Put a second detail on top, which should remain even. This part must be laid in a slot in a paw.
  • Install the control regulator in the desired position, depending on how strong the assembly should be.
  • It is advisable to install the length of the length of the stack in the position of the maximum.
  • Make a line.

All these options provide for the usual assembly. However, the fabric will not stretch. This is convenient if you make ordinary ruffles or folds.

Second method: assembly for elastic braid

Method. on elastic braid, in other words. on a linen gum, suitable for heavier dense materials or two layers of fabric.

Now we will sew the elastic band on the wrong side of the part by a straight line. During sewing, the gum is pulled.

In order to withstand the distance between the rows of elastic bands, you can navigate by eye or draw the required number of lines in advance.

In order to avoid distortions, you need to evenly pull the elastic in the line and in each row.

(How to sew a thread thread)

The fabric is placed up the wrong side. Under the foot, strictly in the center (so that when performing the “zig-zaga” not to hurt its needle) we place a thread-cutter. We lay the line “zig-zag”, then manually pull off the fabric on it. You can stretch the string thread when performing a line if you can provide the necessary degree of stretching to create the desired fabric assembly density.

Visually, look at the process of how to make elastic assemblies of the fabric, using a sewing thread-cut, how to sew a thread-rush on a sewing machine, how to sew a thread thread, in the video by link. which is placed on my channel “Create clothes ourselves” in Yandex.Zen. Happy viewing!

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Laidred

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