Arranging Indian Utensils in a Dishwasher | How to load dishes in a Dishwasher
The first start of the dishwasher: preparations, choice of agents, sequence of actions
With acquisition of new home appliances comes the most exciting desire to try it in operation as soon as possible. In the case of purchase of a dishwasher, it is better to postpone it for several good reasons. The first start should be a trial, idle run with an empty compartment. Only after successful completion of the test cycle can the machine be used to wash dishes.
There are several important factors that make it necessary to run the dishwasher for the first time:
- The first idle run allows you to check the working condition of your appliances, the correctness of the connections and the tightness of all the nodes and communications. Such a preliminary check of the washing machine operation will allow to identify manufacturing defects, installation errors, and the serviceability of the communication system. If necessary, all problems and malfunctions are eliminated on the spot;
- cleaning of internal system components. The appliances are assembled at the factory and taken to the point of sale; there they can either gather dust in a warehouse or stand in the sales area. Now imagine how much dirt, dust, industrial fluids and deposits have accumulated inside the unit over this time. Even before installation in the owner’s apartment, many hands have touched the casing and internal parts of the machine. The first test run of a Bosch or other popular brands dishwasher allows you to clean the interior of the appliance and prepare it for future use;
- learning to use the appliance in the home. Even if this is not the first time such appliance is purchased, you will still need to get used to using the new dishwasher. Any equipment requires competent treatment, so the test mode will allow the owners to understand the modes, learn the control panel elements, and understand the principle of programming the automatic dishwasher.
attention! The dishwasher compartment must be empty for the first run!
Choice of product
The test run requires the use of specialized household detergent for the dishwasher. It will allow you to clean the machine from the inside of the dirt, adjust the amount of detergent manually for subsequent uses (in the case of inexpensive dishwashers without the function of recognition and dosing of detergent), or program the flow of chemistry.
There are several options for the washing machine cleaner:
Salt for automatic dishwasher is the usual sodium chloride of high purity, has the form of large granules and is intended for softening water, prevention of limescale appearance on heating element, increase efficiency of dishwashing. Despite its almost identical composition, it cannot be substituted for table salt the first time you run the dishwasher. First of all, the beneficial impurities of food-grade sodium chloride can be detrimental to the operation of the machine. Secondly, the granules of the specialized salt are much coarser, resulting in more economical use of the salt while using the washing machine.
Use the powder or gel to remove dirt, soot and grease from the dishes. What to use. an individual choice exclusively. The rinse aid allows the final removal of food and detergent residues, gives extra shine and freshness.
There are special powders for the first start of the dishwasher. They contain concentrated active ingredients that can remove industrial dirt and grease, and the package itself is designed for one application.
3 in 1″ tablets are universal, suitable for the first run and for everyday use, they contain all the necessary ingredients. It is important to select the correct mode: the menu of the automatic dishwasher will indicate which function is supported by them.
Warning! Specialized test run chemicals cannot be used for everyday purposes!
How to use?
It is best to entrust the connection of the Bosch dishwasher to experienced professionals who can do the work as quickly and efficiently as possible. However, if necessary, you can do the installation by yourself, as the instruction manual includes all the necessary settings for this.
German brand dishwasher is quite a complex type of household appliances, so it is necessary to carry out a competent installation for its proper activation and functioning.
Before purchasing the appliance, it is mandatory to check it to make sure that there are no major breakdowns.
Here are some basic recommendations for dishwasher installation.
During installation, it is necessary to use all the additional parts that are included in the standard package.
- It is obligatory to use a spirit level during installation. The dishwasher’s efficiency and quiet operation depend on its level position.
- Connection to the water supply is made with reliable hoses. Flexible parts must be secured to the wall to prevent them from kinking.
- The socket used must be fully suitable for the specific type of dishwasher. It is best to install a separate power supply near it.
The process of turning on the Bosch dishwasher is quite simple thanks to the intuitive interface. To do this, proceed as follows:
open the water tap and the doors of the appliance;
find the button to turn on the machine and press it;
select the optimal mode, which is chosen according to the type of used dishes and the degree of its contamination;
when all the modes are set, the door closes.
Immediately after closing the doors of the Bosch dishwasher, it begins its work. It is worth noting that you can change the mode only at the very beginning of the device, as once it has completely used up the detergent, changing the mode will be impossible.
How to make the idle run?
Bosch advises its users in the instruction manual to perform an idle start in order to maximize the dishwasher’s future performance. There are a number of reasons why a dishwasher should be turned on like this.
The initial start-up process removes any dust that may have remained on the parts of the appliance. In addition, some parts of the appliance may contain grease, which will also be removed after the idle run.
During such an inspection of the device it will be possible to study all the necessary modes, to check the correctness of the installation of the equipment and to make adjustments if necessary. Very often there are problems with heating, water head or its drainage, which is caused by improper installation. The idle start will locate the source of the trouble and eliminate it.
Place plastic utensils on top
The dishwasher heats up most at the bottom, where the heating element is located. Place plastic dishes that are dishwasher-safe on top to prevent deformation. For more information on what can happen to plastic dishes in your dishwasher, click here.
The top basket of the dishwasher is also designed for cleaning cups, glasses and mugs. if properly placed, they are effectively washed inside with water and detergent.
Place heavily soiled objects face down
When washing dishes with burnt food or other stubborn stains, be sure to place them upside down so that the sprinklers can effectively clean them under the head of water.
Load forks and spoons with the handle pointing downward to ensure that the dirtiest areas are thoroughly cleaned. Nevertheless, the knives should be loaded with the blade down and the handle up, so as not to cut themselves when unloading the dishwasher.
Choice of programs for operation
In modern models there are several modes of operation, each of which differs in the following parameters:
- by duration of washing process;
- The level of consumption of liquid;
- With a hot water temperature of 5055 ℃
- By presence or absence of additional operation steps.
On the front control panel of the Bosch automatic washer-dryer it is possible to select the following operating programs
The software may provide for the following modes:
- Automatic, when the washer-dryer selects the basic parameters. water temperature, washing duration, presence or absence of pre-soak or auxiliary rinse. There are special sensors for this (if available).
- Quick. Its duration is half as long as the standard one. Runs at a liquid temperature of 5055 ℃. No soaking or drying step. Do not wash very dirty dishes in this mode.
- Delicate is designed for delicate dishes made of crystal, glass, faora and similar materials. Water temperature between 40 and 45 ℃.
- Economy mode saves water and energy. Any dishware, except the dirtiest, can be washed in this mode.
- Standard is the most common and cleans all but the dirtiest dishes. The temperature of the liquid is between 55 and 60 ℃.
- Intense mode washes the dirtiest dishes. Water is heated to a temperature of 7075 ℃.
One example of the list of available modes, reflected in the dishwasher manual
It should be noted that different manufacturers’ models have significantly different programs and their number. List of modes can be found in the dishwasher manual. Many manuals additionally indicate when to use this or that program.
How to care for your dishwasher
Dishwasher requires care just like any other technical product. In the lower part of the chamber, next to the hole for loading salt, there is a filter. Dirt and food residue accumulate in it after each cycle, so it must be cleaned regularly.
It is not only the filter that should be emptied of dirt, but also the bead net
Clean the catch trays and containers from food residue on a regular basis. After each wash, leave the door open until the dishwasher is completely dry. You should also keep an eye on the condition of the rocker arm in which the spray holes are made. As soon as they become clogged, the washing quality suffers. The holes are easy to clean with a simple toothpick.
This is how you clean the spray nozzles
How to Correctly Load your Dishwasher
At least once every 6 months, you should run a complete cycle to clean the dishwasher of grease and dirt. For this purpose, there are special cleaners from different manufacturers: Finish, Somat, Sano and others.
As you can see, using a modern dishwasher is not difficult. Even a child can do this. The main thing is to follow the instructions precisely, and then the machine will serve for a long time. You can learn how to use the dishwasher in detail in the video below.
We suggest you watch the video so you know how to place the sets of dishes in the baskets and trays of your Bosch dishwasher:
About the author:
An electronic engineer with many years of experience. Has been organizing repairs of home appliances, including washing machines, for several years. Loves sport fishing, boating, and traveling.
Found an error? Highlight it and click the buttons:
The expression “soap opera” (“soap”) did not appear by accident. The very first shows and shows whose audience was women were broadcast on television at a time when housewives were doing the cleaning, ironing and laundry. In addition, to attract viewers to the screens, commercials for detergents: soaps and powders were often scrolled on the air.
Astronauts, while in Earth orbit, solve the problem of dirty things in an original method. Clothes are thrown from a spaceship and burn up in the upper atmosphere.
In the 19th century, washing ladies’ toilets took a lot of time. The dresses were pre-dressed, then washed and dried each part separately to prevent the fabric from deforming. After washing, the clothes were re-stitched.
Washing machines fitted with ‘No Ironing’ or ‘Easy Ironing’ functions can wash laundry without creasing it. This effect is achieved due to a special approach to spinning. it is done at low speed, with long pauses, and a small amount of water is stored in the tank.
History has it that a kitten fell into the drum of a washing machine and got out of the machine unharmed after a full wash cycle on the program “Woollens”. The only unpleasantness for the pet was an allergy to laundry detergent.
There are a variety of balls that are used in the washing machine. Antistatic will not let the fabric stick to the body after washing, balls with special loops will “comb” the lint and prevent the appearance of lint, and silicone with nubbins will not let pile up the down when washing outerwear.
There is a washing machine “for bachelors.”. Laundry washed in such a machine does not need to be ironed at all! The point is that the device does not have a drum: some things can be placed inside the container directly on hangers (for example, jackets and shirts), and smaller things (say, underwear and socks) on special shelves.
The first officially patented washing machine was made of wood and was a box with a frame, filled to half with wooden balls. The laundry and detergent were loaded inside and a lever was used to move the frame, which, in turn, made the balls move and grind the laundry.
Washing machines have something to do with the origin of the expression “money laundering”. In the 1930s, American gangsters used a network of laundromats as a cover for their illegal activities. By passing off the proceeds of criminal activity as proceeds from clothes cleaning, they turned “dirty” money into “clean” money.
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What you can’t wash in the dishwasher?
It would seem that with the purchase of a dishwasher, you can forget about washing dishes by hand. That’s partially true. But there are some utensils that are not suitable for a dishwasher, as they can break or damage important parts of the dishwasher. It is better to wash such tableware by hands or not to use it at all.
Some kitchen utensils are not suitable for washing in a washing machine, because they are sensitive to high humidity, high temperature, its sudden changes, and hot air drying.
There are a number of restrictions on the use of the dishwasher, relating to the type of material or decorative elements on the dishes.
Restrictions on the type of material
Cleaning utensils made of the following materials in the dishwasher is unacceptable:
- aluminum. Spoons, pots and other utensils made of this metal should not be washed in the dishwasher, as they are susceptible to high temperatures, and can deform under heat and prolonged exposure to hot water. In this case, the coating darkens, oxidizes, and a scum forms on it;
- wood. Trays, planks, bases and other supplies will warp and crack after a drying cycle in the dishwasher;
- Plastic. Plastic dishes vary in characteristics and production technology, but some plastics are not allowed to wash in the dishwasher because they can melt and lose their shape. For example, containers with airtight snap-on lids are in disrepair. the sealing tape dries out and ceases to perform its functions;
- Pewter, silver (silver-plated), melchior and copper appliances. Usually after the machine, these delicate metals oxidize, change color and tarnish, melchior spoons, for example, lose their luster;
- Whether cast iron can be washed in the dishwasher is one of the frequently asked questions. No, cast iron products are prone to rust pitting after temperature extremes, hot steam, and exposure to aggressive detergents.
Tip! Before you buy cookware, look at the labeling, which necessarily indicates whether or not it can be used in the dishwasher.
Restrictions on types and finishes
Certain kitchen utensils should not be loaded into the washer-dryer as well. These include:
- Knives, vegetable peelers, graters. it is believed that the blades of these items may become dull after processing in the machine. Therefore, knives should not be washed in the dishwasher, it is better to rinse them by hand in warm water with a soft sponge;
- hand-painted crockery. Hand-applied paint requires delicate care and will wash off in a stream of hot water and steam;
- All nonstick coated cookware. Such a layer can become damaged and partially erased, causing the dishes to lose their quality.
Tip! Do not load dishes into the machine that are heavily soiled with paint, wax, or a thick layer of soot, t.к. large particles of dirt can clog the drain.
How to load dishes correctly?
Properly loading dishes in the dishwasher avoids the problems that beginners of this appliance can encounter:
- quality result. thanks to competent arrangement and observance of distance between items;
- Prevent accidental spoilage. when everything is in its place and secured with holders, the risk of breaking a glass or plate in the process is minimal;
- maximum number of dishes washed per cycle. the arrangement according to the recommendations will save resources and wash the optimum number of dishes, i.e.к. plates will fit in the compartment than if you arrange them randomly.
The dishwasher has compartments (usually 3) designed specifically to accommodate certain items:
In the upper tray you can put dinner and dessert plates, mugs, glasses and wine glasses. all the delicate crockery that is used most often. There are dividers and fasteners for easy placement. so you can observe the necessary gaps between the plates and secure them from unwanted damage.
Tip! Place dishes from edge to center by size (larger ones at the edge of the tray, smaller ones in the center), facing toward the middle. This method will positively influence the quality of washing.
Plastic bowls and containers which are machine-washable can also be placed here. This will keep dishes farther away from hot water streams and the heating element.
Mugs, bowls and goblets are placed upside down for better cleaning.
Place oversized utensils and heavily soiled plates, pots and molds. The arrangement is identical: with the bottom up, larger items on the edges, smaller items in the center. Large pans, if dishwasher safe, are placed upright after removing the removable handles. If the handle is not removable. place it so that it does not interfere with the sprinkler in the process.
Large pans should ideally be washed separately from the set, i.e.к. They take up a lot of space, which affects the quality of cleaning of adjacent objects.
A removable tray or a pull-out basket for cutlery is located in the upper part and is designed for washing forks, spoons and other small kitchen utensils.
In Bosch dishwashers, the tray for the cutlery has the form of a basket with compartments, where you can place several sets horizontally, and oversized ladles and skimmers are placed on special fold-out shelves.
Some types of PMMs have vertical trays, where you should place the appliances with the handle upwards for more efficient washing. Do not forget about the necessary distance between forks and spoons, if there are no specialized compartments.
After purchasing the dishwasher, you should read the operating instructions and perform a test run. The dishwasher is tested on a cycle at maximum temperature without any dishes in the basket.
- Cleaning the dishwasher from grease, garbage particles, dust and stains;
- Checking for defects in the technique;
- checking the correctness of installation, connection to the water supply and sewerage;
- study of the features of a particular model.
You will need to purchase detergent, salt and rinse aid for the first run.
- Inspect the dishwasher and make sure that there are no damages or foreign objects in the compartment, remove the foam gaskets.
- Plug in the dishwasher, unscrew the valve which closes the water supply.
- Make sure that the machine is installed evenly and according to all the rules of location: at least 15 cm from the refrigerator and gas stove, tightly fixed between the cabinets, ideally near the sink.
- Connect the supply and return hoses, ensuring that the connections are tight.
- Open the chamber door and rotate the sprayer a few times to make sure it can rotate freely.
- Unscrew the drain filter, rinse it out and put it back in.
- Apply salt, detergent and rinse aid and set machine on highest setting.
- Close the door firmly, start the dishwasher and observe the following steps:
- water supply;
Only if there are no functional claims, you can proceed to full operation. preferably after a couple of hours after the test run.
Preparation for the first working day begins with the selection of household chemicals. Focus on the form of release (powders, pills, gels), composition, safety and price. One should also buy additives to soften water, remove scale and rinse aid.
The following products are used for refilling:
- Different gels, powders, capsules and tablets. they are designed for dishwashing;
- salt. reduces water hardness;
- Rinse aid. gives shine to dishes and contributes to the removal of streaks;
- Degreaser. removes greasy deposits;
- De-scaling. fights limescale.
There is a special dispenser in the dishwasher for detergents and tablets, a separate compartment for rinse aid and a salt compartment at the bottom of the chamber.
Only after you have decided on the type of detergent, you can load a basket and proceed to the selection of the appropriate program. The following steps are the most important for washing the dishes.
- Load the dishes. Before refilling the machine, you need to wipe off any food residue from the dishes. this is done with a sponge or special silicone spatulas.
- Addition of detergent and choice of mode (each model can have from 3 to 12 possible modes, depending on the type of dirt and dishcloths to be washed).
- Soaking dishes in cold water if necessary. Not all dishwashers have this feature, but it’s better to take the time to lightly wash up any dried-on food than running the machine for a few dishes straight after you’ve finished eating.
- Rinsing. Dishes should be rinsed free of detergent.
It is important not to open the door during the cycle. Most dishwashers prevent you from doing this until the dishes are finished. this feature prevents you from getting burnt by the steam.
The first batch of dishes should be inspected after washing. If there are traces of dirt, it will be necessary to change the mode or detergent, if there are streaks. increase the amount of rinse aid.
It is important to wipe the seals on the door of the dishwasher with a moist cloth and detergent before each wash, and to air the box afterwards. We recommend cleaning the filters and spray arms every 3 cycles. Every 2 months. run long programs.
How to load different types of dishes?
All 3 levels. top, bottom and removable trays are designed for different types of dishes, but in general the scheme is the same.
When loading the dishes, the following nuances should be taken into account:
- there must be space between the dishes, only then the washing will be of high quality;
- You should wash the dishes immediately after eating, removing any food residues. this will save water and detergent;
- Heavy metal utensils and fragile items should not be placed side by side;
- the number of loaded sets of dishes must correspond to the manufacturer’s recommendations.
Mugs, glasses, forks, spoons
Removable tray or basket is installed in the machine for cutlery. Forks and spoons should be put with the forks and spoons pointing down. Ladles, spatulas and other kitchen utensils are placed in the same compartment. Do not wash small parts and knives in the dishwasher. the former may fall through the holes in the container, the latter may become blunt.
Drinkware should be placed on the top shelf, since it is cleaner than pots and plates and is more fragile. Cups and glasses are turned upside down and placed at a slight angle, glasses are held in place with the help of racks. if you don’t have them, it is better to wash them by hand.
Plates of any depth and size can only be placed vertically, bottom up. Flat plates and saucers are placed on the middle tier, deep containers, soup bowls, bowls, and salad bowls on the bottom tier. Smaller-diameter cookware is stacked closer to the center.
Frying pans, saucepans
Bulky pots and pans should be placed upside down on the bottom tier. If you have all-purpose holders, pans and pans should be placed at an angle. Pans are the main problem with the dishwasher. Removable handles can be folded along the sides of the lower compartment. If non-stick coated, make sure that the holders do not touch the bottom of the pan and that the temperature is not too high.
After the wash cycle is complete, leave the cookware for a while and let it cool. Ceramic and glass items may crack if exposed to extreme temperature changes. You need to get the bottom rack first and then the top rack second.
Before you turn on your Bosch dishwasher, you must get rid of any packing material items and stickers that may be on the outside or inside the chamber. In the bottom of the device is a container for special salt, which must be removed from the lid and pour there about a liter of water, as well as fill in half a kilogram of salt. It should be noted that the amount of salt for each model varies; therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to study the instructions, where the manufacturer specifies the optimum amount of this agent.
When filling the salt container, sometimes water can leak out, but do not get upset about it, because in the future when using the dishwasher you will no longer need to add water to this compartment.
Most models come with special strips, thanks to which you can find out the level of water hardness. This is important, because it determines how much salt must be added each time you wash the dishes. Bosch premium models are equipped with automatic salt programming, while in other models, you will have to do it manually.
In addition, most models of the German brand on the market boast special sensors that can determine the amount of dissolved sodium in the water. If this figure is lower than normal, the container must be topped up with a salt composition.
On the outside of the door there are usually a couple of compartments for tablet detergents, gel or powder. Tablets are considered the best solution, as they contain several components at the same time, which greatly simplifies the process of use.
The only disadvantage of tablets is that you can’t control the level of salt used when using them.
Selecting the mode
In order to wash the dishes as effectively as possible, attention must be paid to choosing the optimum mode. In doing so, you must take into account the characteristics of the used dishes, the material of manufacture, and other points. The German company Bosch produces dishwashers with different types of control, and most models include several standard program modes.
Intensive. A characteristic feature of the mode is that the water heats up to 70 degrees. It is an excellent choice for plates and heavily soiled dishes. However, the intensive program consumes a lot of water and electricity and is therefore not suitable for small quantities of dishes.
Automatic. Is considered the most common, is able to determine the loading weight and washing intensity. Water temperature is usually below 50 degrees.
Eco mode. Heats water up to 50 degrees, but consumes a minimal amount of water and electricity.
Gentle. Will be the perfect solution for delicate glasses and the rest of the dishes, as well as for items made of the finest glass.
Preliminary. Soaks the dishes and cleans them in advance before washing them.
When performing the first run of a Bosch dishwasher, it is best to use the eco or automatic mode.
Thanks to it it will be possible to check as accurately as possible the work of the heating element of household appliances, water supply system and its drain, as well as qualitatively clean the tray from any contamination.
The first wash of the dishes
If the test is successful, the dishwasher is installed in the opening prepared for it. If the dishwasher is unplugged, it will need to be re-set when reconnected. remember that.
Salt, rinse aid and detergent powders from Finish are relatively inexpensive and popular with dishwasher users
Then you can perform the first full cycle with a load of dirty dishes. For the first wash, you need to load the detergent intended for washing bowls, plates and other utensils, not for the first run. The most economical detergents are in powder form.
Cookware must be loaded strictly according to the rules established by the manufacturer
Pay special attention to the instructions for loading the dishes in the washer-dryer. This process affects the quality of cleaning cookware from grease and dirt. To make sure you are following the right programme, please double-check the machine’s user manual. The main condition is to place the dishes in such a way that they are completely rinsed by the liquid from the sprinklers.
Be careful: opening the dishwasher door as soon as the program is finished could scald you with the steam
Choosing the right programme
After you have loaded the detergents and utensils, the next critical step is to choose the right programme for your machine. All modes are divided into several groups, the names of which may differ from manufacturer to manufacturer.
- Pre-soak. the program is designed for dishes with burnt or sticky food remains and lots of grease deposits. The work is done in two stages. pre-wash and main wash.
- Intensive washing. designed for very dirty dishes. The effect is achieved by using very hot water. This mode can not be used for dishes made of plastic, as well as with a delicate coating.
- Standard mode. allows you to wash dishes with an average degree of soiling at a moderate temperature of water.
- The economy program is used to wash relatively clean cutlery, consuming minimal energy, water and detergent.
- Delicate washing. designed for plastic, porcelain and crystal dishes and delicate coated cutlery.
- Fast wash. used for light rinsing of plates, forks and spoons with detergent.
Popular dishwashing programs
Correct use of the dishwasher ensures long-lasting dishwashing without breakage. We hope that our article will help you understand the nuances of the first use of the appliance.
This video will give you a closer look at the first Bosch dishwasher launch:
About the author:
Electronics engineer with years of experience. For several years I have been organizing repairs of household appliances, including washing machines. Loves sport fishing, boating, and traveling.
Found a mistake? Highlight it and press the buttons:
For washing small things on the road or in a hotel, it is convenient to use an ordinary polyethylene bag. Socks or tights are kneaded inside a knotted bag together with water and a small amount of detergent. This method allows you to pre-soak things and wash them without damaging the fabric or wasting a lot of powder and water.
Astronauts in orbit solve the problem of dirty clothes in an original way. Clothes are dropped from a spaceship, and they burn up in the upper atmosphere.
The first officially patented washing machine was made of wood and was a box with a frame filled halfway with wooden balls. Inside, they would load the laundry and detergent and use a lever to move the frame, which, in turn, would make the balls move and grind the laundry.
There is a washing machine “for bachelors.”. There is no need to iron laundry washed in this machine at all! The thing is that the device does not have a drum: some things can be placed inside the container directly on hangers (for example, jackets and shirts), and smaller things (say, underwear and socks). on special shelves.
Washing machines have something to do with the origin of the expression “money laundering”. In the 1930s, American gangsters used a network of laundromats as a cover for their illegal activities. Passing off the proceeds of their criminal activities as money from clothes cleaning, they turned the “dirty” money into “clean” money.
The expression “soap opera” (“soap”) did not appear by accident. The very first soap operas and shows, the audience of which was female, were broadcast on television at a time when housewives were doing the cleaning, ironing, and laundry. And commercials for detergents (soaps and detergents) were often shown on TV to attract viewers.
There are all sorts of balls that are used in a washing machine. Anti-static will not let the fabric stick to the body after washing, balls with special loops will “comb” the lint and prevent the appearance of lint, and silicone with nubbins will not let pile up the down when washing outerwear.
Washing machines equipped with “No Ironing” or “Easy Ironing” functions can wash laundry without nearly creasing it. This effect is achieved by a special approach to spinning. it is performed at low speed, with long pauses, and a small amount of water is stored in the tank.
In the 19th century, washing ladies’ toilets took a lot of time. The dresses were pre-stretched, then washed and dried separately so that the fabric was not deformed. After washing, the clothes were re-stitched.
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