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How to install a floor water heater cumulative

How to install a water heater with your own hands

Electric water heaters of the accumulative type are quite simple. Typically, such a device is a container inside which a heating element is installed. a powerful heating element. Since the device is designed to store hot water, it is mandatory insulated.

Two pipes are built inside: one of them is made of cold water from the tap system, a stream heated to a certain temperature is supplied to the second. To regulate the operation of the device, an automatic control unit is used.

The Gallery of the Images of the Personnel from the main feature of the accumulative water heater is that it prepares for use and contains a reserve of hot water heaters of the funded variety processing the volume of water set by the volume of the tank, and maintain its temperature from the electric network, the income water heaters warm the water to 55. 85 ° and keep heating at the achieved level. These actions need a small amount of electricity electricity with a capacity of 150 liters consumes no more than 1.5 kW of electricity heaters of the accumulative principle of action produced in vertical, horizontal, floor and wall.mounted electric models, connected to gas, solid fuel and liquid.fuel bolahmobes are produced Two tank installed in each other. In the electrical units between the tanks there is a heater, in the boilers connected to the boilers through this space, a coolant heated by the boiler passes through the extent of the water flow from the internal tank of the system is replenished from the cold water supply network and gradual heating to the specified parameters of the temperature characteristics of the accumulative heating equipment of the accumulative heating equipment of the electric heating of the media heating of the media the needs of electrical boilers of the execution of the accumulative aggregation of the water heater to the potoloprincip storage of storage units obtained during the heating of the work of the work of the work

This complex of devices controls the water sampling, the temperature of its water heating, turns on and disconnects the heater as necessary. Also, the control unit is equipped with an automatic power outage module in case there is no water inside the container.

It is unacceptable to turn on the heater if the heater is not covered with water, this situation will lead to an imminent breakdown of the device.

This scheme clearly demonstrates the principle of operation of a storage water heater, as well as the general procedure for connecting it to the water supply system in the apartment

The purpose of the water heater

Among the traditional, modern energy carriers for the conditions of a decent alternative to natural gas in centralized supply systems do not exist. This manual considers the installation of an electric water heater, which heats the water exclusively at the time of disconnecting the DOS or the prevention of gas lines in apartments with columns on this type of fuel.

That is, the water heater is an additional source of boiling water for the bath, mixers, showers. And the owner wants to hide the boiler in the bathroom or other rooms of the apartment to increase the decorative value of the interiors. In this case, the heater can be used for one plumbing device or supply all the mixers in the house with hot water.

Peculiarities

Water heaters have several varieties, each of which has its own characteristics. When choosing, it is worth considering the requirements for the device of one or another type, as well as carefully study the installation circuit in the room. Water heaters can be of several types according to the method of their placement. vertical, horizontal, built.in.

High.quality water heaters should have a number of features:

  • should be able to shut off;
  • have a function of overheating;
  • manufacturing materials should be of high quality;
  • The heating element should be covered with an anti.corrosion composition;
  • There must be good thermal insulation;
  • The presence of energy.saving function.

The manufacturer must give a guarantee for the goods so that in case of problems, you can contact the service center.

The whole variety of modern water heaters is divided into two subspecies:

Each of them, in turn, has its own varieties.

Electric water heaters can be:

Gas devices are divided into:

But there is also a new type of water heaters. indirect ones, which are also worth mentioning. In order to decide on the choice of a suitable water heater, you need to understand all its options. Electric water heaters have differences in the system of the system, as well as the principles of functioning.

Accumulative electric water heaters also have the second name. boiler. Are cylindrical or rectangular. Their volume can be from 30 to to 200 liters. Water heating occurs due to special hets, the amount of which can also be different. They can be included both simultaneously and separately to save electricity.

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Thermometers are used to control the temperature of the water heating, and thermostats are used to maintain it. The accumulative water heater always contains a certain amount of water.

It occurs with the help of one of two elements.

  • Ten (tubular electric heater). It is inexpensive and easy to operate and repair. They can be purchased at any store. Tenas have the only drawback. for a long time of water heating.
  • Spiral heating element. They are expensive and more difficult to repair and replace. But they are able to quickly heat a large amount of water, as well as maintain the necessary temperature.

The principle of operation of this type of water heaters does not depend on the installed thermal element. As soon as a certain temperature is achieved, heating is turned off. Temperature maintaining automatically. But after cooling down, a new batch of cold water was added, the heating element turns on. Water heaters of this type most often have two modes: automatic heating or manual.

For prolonged maintenance of water temperature, insulation is often used. It is placed between the case and the tank. The case itself does not heat up, and the water inside will be hot even during the day.

Material

In storage water heaters, the most important is the material of the manufacture of the tank. They can be made of ordinary steel or stainless. The usual is additionally covered with enamel. Naturally, stainless steel tanks are more reliable and durable. Enameled, while faster they become unusable. But, accordingly, stainless ones cost an order of magnitude more expensive than ordinary. To extend the life of the enamel, the magnesium anodes are additionally installed, which periodically must be changed. The sensor is watching their condition.

As for running water heaters, they can be made of:

  • copper. it quickly heats water, as she has excellent thermal conductive properties;
  • Stainless steel. such products are durable, but it must be taken into account that the water should not be very rigid;
  • plastic. they are not very durable, but they differ in low cost.

The most reliable devices are copper. But their price is quite high.

Types of storage water heaters

One of the most important criteria for choosing a device is its type of connection. There are two types of such devices.

Type #1: Dressing equipment of cumulative type

Used in systems where water pressure is constant. over, the type of water supply does not matter, it is important that pressure is maintained in the highways. Pressure devices have many advantages:

  • The constant presence of hot water, since the device of the device is never empty. As the heated water is consumed, the cold is poured in its place under pressure.
  • Good pressure of water. It is determined by the maximum pressure in the pipeline and is usually quite high, especially compared to the non.pressure analogue.
  • Simplicity of connecting to a power grid. Given that the device has a power of 3-4 kW, there are no problems with the power grid.

Equipment has disadvantages. The most significant is a rapid decrease in temperature in the tank when the large amount of cold water is received.

Low power does not allow the heating element to quickly heat the water, so you have to wait until the device copes with its task. This drawback is especially noticeable in small.scale devices.

For example, a 50-liter tank when using a shower with a flow rate of 3-5 liters of water per minute after15 minutes. will be filled with cold water. To continue water procedures, you will have to wait a while.

This drawback is leveled by the correct choice of the volume of the device.

Type #2: Removal storage water heaters

The equipment is designed to work with pipelines in which there is no constant pressure. Water is supplied to the tank using a pump, which is manually or automatically.

Radiant Floor Heat With A Water Heater

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In the latter case, a float switch is mounted inside the container. Many consider the non.pressure system uncomfortable and obsolete, but in some cases its use is quite justified.

For example, the device will be very appropriate in a summer house, the owners of which do not want to equip a full.fledged tap system. Among the advantages of non.pressure equipment include:

How to Flush an In Floor Heating System

  • Low power consumed, which allows you to install the device in houses with old wiring.
  • Simplicity of installation and connection.
  • Slow mixing inside the tank hot and newly incoming cold water.

There are not very many disadvantages of non.pressure water heaters. Among them is a low power that makes you wait a long time until the water warms up to the desired temperature.

In addition, you need to remember that the fluid enters the container slowly. Therefore, the water level may drop below the minimum mark, and this will lead to the failure of the heater.

When choosing a place for a water heater, it is important to consider its type. Horizontal models cannot be placed vertically, otherwise the equipment cannot be avoided

Installation rules

If it is decided to install a boiler with your own hands, then you need to know exactly how to do it. The errors during installation will lead to partition of the wiring, flooding of housing, as well as the failure of the device. Consider the basic rules for installing a water heater:

  • First you need to choose the location of the device. A boiler is usually installed in the bathroom, toilet or in the kitchen. They provide free access to the electrical appliance.
  • The wall or any other support for the boiler should withstand double weight, for example, with a capacity of 80 l, the load indicator is 160 kg.
  • The old wiring is subject to mandatory replacement, otherwise it simply cannot withstand the load.
  • Warring from metallic pipes of a ten.year ago will have to change the same way.

Other rules, and the nuances of the installation will be stipulated in the installation instructions.

How to install a storage water heater yourself?

Accumulative electric water heaters, also called boilers, can be found in many apartments and private houses. Such devices provide dwellings with hot water. Let’s look at how to install a storage water heater yourself. Believe me, it’s not at all difficult.

Choosing a place for installing boilers of different types

By the method of installation, modern heaters are divided into floor, wall and built.in. The latter of these are mounted under the sink in the kitchen or in a special box installed in the apartment. A boiler of the floor type, as of its name, is placed on the floor. It is usually designed for a large amount of water, so its acquisition and installation is recommended in suburban houses of large area.

Floor units are installed without any tricks. It is only important to put them on a special stand and thoroughly align with the help of the bolts that are available on the bottom of the device. In the apartment, as a rule, a wall.mounted electric boiler is mounted. It does not occupy a lot of useful area, as it is attached to the wall. We will consider its competent independent installation in detail in this article. But first, we give important tips on choosing a place for placing a heater.

A boiler of any type is always placed in a place that is removed from water.beed points to a minimum distance and at the same time protected from the probability of freezing of water. The smaller the length of the pipes will be used when connecting the water heater, the better. In situations where water.bended points are located from each other at a relatively large distance, we advise you to carry out the installation of several boilers.

The installation of a water heater with your own hands suggests that you will provide for a certain free space near it, which can subsequently be used to repair and maintain the unit. In this regard, it is not advisable to completely sew an electric boiler into some niche.

Installation of an electric bus on the wall. we do everything right

Be sure to take into account the strength indicators of the surface (in our case, the walls) designed to fasten the water heater. It is also important to properly fix the boiler on the wall so that it does not break from it during operation. With low wall strength, it is recommended to fill it on it with a light metal frame or wooden rails and install the unit.

The mounting scheme of heating equipment depends on its type and a specific model. Most often, the fasteners are performed with:

  • set “Dubel-Shurup”;
  • L-shaped screws designed to work with wooden surfaces;
  • clogging anchors if the wall is made of concrete.

The wall-type boiler kit usually includes a special bar-end. It provides a more reliable equipment mount. If the installation of a water heater with your own hands involves the use of L-shaped screws, the length of the metiz must be more than 6 cm, and the cross section-at least 8 mm. Dowels are taken with a diameter of 1.2 cm. If the installation scheme provides for the use of questionnaires, the cross section of such fasteners should be 1.6 cm. Smaller in diameter of the metiz cannot be used.

When attaching the unit in an apartment on a frame or a support bar, a fixation scheme for such structures looks like this:

  • The frame is applied to the surface of the wall and is verified horizontally;
  • A hole is drilled with a shock or a pedorator;
  • The installation of the support element is installed in the obtained holes.

In the dwellings with “flimsy” walls, instead of a standard support bar, it is better to use a frame made from a corner or steel three.millimeter strip independently. This design will take a boiler one hundred percent. The scheme of its fastening will be similar to the fixation of the usual strip. The installation of a wall.type heater is performed taking into account its structural features. The equipment is attached to the equipment and the location of its pipes. Mount the boiler, focusing on the data specified by the manufacturer.

And be sure to make sure that the device does not move spontaneously along the hooks or bar during operation. He is obliged to stay tight and be absolutely motionless.

Subtleties of connecting the heater to the water supply network

When involving equipment in pipes for cold and hot water, shut.off cranes should be placed on them, and the check valve also on the input of cold water. Without these devices, the installation of the heating apparatus cannot be made. They make it possible to turn off the boiler when servicing and repairing.

In situations where the pressure of the water supplied to the home is at a high level, experts advise to connect a special drain tube to the opposite valve (to its “nose”), the second end of which is taken to the sewer. They do this in order to be able to use water from two sources. directly from the heater and from the centralized hot water supply system.

Drilling tube on the return valve of the boiler

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After inserting and connecting equipment, the scheme of your actions should be as follows:

  • Overlapping a hard water on a riser for supplying hot water;
  • Open water supply taps on a boiler;
  • “Remove” air from the water heater, opening “hot crane” on the mixer.

At the moment when the water flows from the mixer in a continuous stream, close hot water. You filled the unit tank with water necessary for its normal functioning. Pay attention. you can’t turn on a boiler without a safety valve. Another subtlety. Installation of equipment for heating water is best carried out next to the hot water distribution site from the pipeline. Thus, heat losses in pipes will be minimized.

How to install a storage electric water heater with your own hands

Hot water is one of the important components of a comfortable life of a modern person. For her uninterrupted supply in the cities, public utilities are responsible, but what about those who are not connected to a centralized network?

There is only one way out. to purchase and install a water heater. Such devices are diverse, but as practice shows, electric storage models are in special demand among customers.

Installation of equipment is quite simple and will not cause special difficulties in a home master. And yet, let’s analyze in detail how to install an accumulative electric water heater.

Equipment equipment: device and principle of action

The device is a heat.insulated tank of arbitrary shape. The heating element is mounted in it, which warms up to the water to the temperature set by the owner.

It varies from 35 to 85C. In a heat-insulated container, the heated liquid retains the temperature for 2-3 hours. After the water has cooled by 0.5 ° C, the automation is triggered and the heater turns on to heat the liquid.

Upon achieving a given temperature, the device is disconnected. This operating mode allows the device to save electricity economically.

Heater built into the tank can be tubular or spiral. The first option is more reliable, not afraid of air traffic jams, but over time it is necessarily covered with a scale.

Spiral devices are not terrible and they heat an order of magnitude faster. The tank can be steel or plastic. Its inner surface is covered with enamel or glass.ceramic.

So that the welds of steel containers do not rust, special anode rods are inserted into the tank that prevent the iron from oxidize. They need to be changed with a frequency of 5-8 years.

The standard design of the water heater includes a thermostat responsible for maintaining a given temperature. The device control system can be both manual or automated.

The device can be equipped with an additional function of rapid water heating. Accumulative water heaters differ in volume, which, in turn, affects the rate of water heating.

The larger the volume, the longer the equipment will warm the liquid. It is advisable to accurately calculate the need for hot water so as not to force the device to work idle and at the same time not to experience its lack.

Types of storage water heaters

One of the most important criteria for choosing a device is its type of connection. There are two types of such devices.

Type #1: Dressing equipment of cumulative type

Used in systems where water pressure is constant. At the same time, the type of water supply does not matter, it is important that pressure is maintained in the highways. Pressure devices have many advantages:

  • The constant presence of hot water, since the device of the device is never empty. As the heated water is consumed, the cold is poured in its place under pressure.
  • Good pressure of water. It is determined by the maximum pressure in the pipeline and is usually quite high, especially compared to the non.pressure analogue.
  • Simplicity of connecting to a power grid. Given that the device has a power of 3-4 kW, there are no problems with the power grid.

Equipment has disadvantages. The most significant is a rapid decrease in temperature in the tank when the large amount of cold water is received.

Low power does not allow the heating element to quickly heat the water, so you have to wait until the device copes with its task. This drawback is especially noticeable in a small volume.

For example, a 50-liter tank when using a shower with a flow rate of 3-5 liters of water per minute after15 minutes. will be filled with cold water. To continue water procedures, you will have to wait a while.

This drawback is leveled by the correct choice of the volume of the device.

Type #2: Removal storage water heaters

The equipment is designed to work with pipelines in which there is no constant pressure. Water is supplied to the tank using a pump, which is manually or automatically.

In the latter case, a float switch is mounted inside the container. Many consider the non.pressure system uncomfortable and obsolete, but in some cases its use is quite justified.

For example, the device will be very appropriate in a summer house, the owners of which do not want to equip a full.fledged tap system. Among the advantages of non.pressure equipment include:

  • Low power consumed, which allows you to install the device in houses with old wiring.
  • Simplicity of installation and connection.
  • Slow mixing inside the tank hot and newly incoming cold water.

There are not very many disadvantages of non.pressure water heaters. Among them is a low power that makes you wait a long time until the water warms up to the desired temperature.

In addition, you need to remember that the fluid enters the container slowly. Therefore, the water level may drop below the minimum mark, and this will lead to the failure of the heater.

Choose a place for installation of equipment

Before installing the device, select the place where it will be. Accumulative water heaters are characterized by large dimensions, which must be taken into account when placing them. There are three types of devices:

In addition, there are devices of vertical and horizontal types. Depending on this type, the device should be located.

Incorrect placement makes it difficult to work and quickly disables it. All these factors must be taken into account when choosing a place for a water heater.

In addition, a number of requirements should be fulfilled. The device must be mounted in a place protected from the cold so that the water does not freeze. It should be located close to water points.

At the same time, it is desirable that the length of the water pipes is minimal.

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