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How to finish the stove with tiles in the house

What tiles can be overlaid in the house %

When cladding with a tile of a metal surface, you need to understand that the metal and tiles have different coefficients of thermal expansion. Thus, the plate and tiles on it will be heated and cool at different speeds. This will invariably lead to detachment of decorative tiles or even to crack it.

Ideal if it is planned to clad a brick stove tile. This is due to the fact that the stove has two contours: internal (firebox and arches) and external. The outer circuit, which is in contact with the cladding, heats up significantly less internal, and therefore the facing tiles are held on such a furnace best.

Often they are installed in baths, for which the stoves are called “bath stoves”. The most problematic option. After all, there is only one contour, which means that the surface warms up more than in the two.circuit oven. Masters who perform the cladding of a single.circuit furnace must have certain experience in order to choose the right tile for facing and the solution that will hold it. Particular attention is deserved in the areas of local overheating.

Among other things, the furnace installed in the bath is exposed to temperature changes and humidity. Bath stove lining with tiles requires a more thorough selection of materials. It is recommended for her to use porcelain tile, as the least porous material withstanding the highest temperatures. Terracotta tiles are also possible, but its thickness should be at least 8 mm, and the distance between neighboring tiles is at least 10 mm.

Note. Knowing what type of furnace does not yet make it possible to start work. It is also necessary to take into account what type of fuel is the stove. Various types of fuel are characterized by different combustion temperatures. For example, when using solid fuel, the cladding material must withstand the temperature up to 1600 degrees., wood (firewood) will expand the choice of facing tiles T.to. burns at temperatures up to 800 degrees.

A detailed explanation of how to cover the stove with tiles is possible only when there is an understanding of what material we are talking about.

The most affordable for lining for a long time remained tiles. Many today consider it as a full.fledged alternative. But, despite the cheapness of the material, cladding of the stove with tiles, fraught with pitfalls. After all, tiles for facing the furnace must satisfy certain conditions (refractory, heat.resistant, heat.resistant).

Ceramic tile facing the stove is possible if the material meets the requirements:

  • Form and size. Masters say, the smaller the tiles, the less the likelihood of its exfoliation and cracking. For example, tiles with a size of 100×100 are more mobile due to seams than tiles with large sizes. The form leaves the imprint on the styling method. The presence of a picture that needs to be selected also complicates the calculation and layout;
  • compliance of shades of tiles;
  • Technical properties: strength, refractoryness, small.porous structure, indicative of moisture absorption, thermal expansion coefficient, resistance to mechanical damage;
  • Environmental safety confirmed by a certificate.

Today, among the materials that satisfy the listed conditions can be distinguished:

Advice. A beautiful layout of the tiles will ensure the use of frizes, borders, inserts, panels.

High.quality installation and long life of a furnace facing is possible only when laying tiles on a prepared base.

The need for facing can be caused by two reasons, and the front of work for each will differ. However, the general goal is one. to give the furnace the correct geometric forms in which all surfaces are even, and the angles correspond to 90 °.

Note. In addition to the fact that alignment increases the speed of work, it allows you to reduce the consumption of expensive glue for laying facing tiles on the furnace.

The technology of stoves cladding with tiles provides for the choice of styling method, respectively, the course of the work will differ. At the same time, in any case, styling is performed from the bottom-up and on a heated (at least 30 °) furnace.

Installation of the first row. Facing the furnace with clinker, terracotta tiles or porcelain tile begins with the angle of the furnace. First, corner elements are installed.

It is worth noting that if the facial work is performed before the floor is covered, you need to leave the gap. In this case, the support of the first row will not be the floor, but the rack nailed to the surface of the furnace. The support rail must only be attached to the furnace, since the floor can deviate from the horizontal. To derive the horizontal, it is necessary to note the upper boundary of the first row and lay the tiles with trim from the floor. With this approach, subsequent ranks will be posted in accordance with the level.

Note. A technological gap of 5-10 mm is left between the floor and the tile. Its presence will make it possible to compensate for the expansion of the material when heated.

Pay attention to the fact that the cladding of the furnace with a majolica begins from the corner and continues in the course of laying. If a whole strip enters the corner. excellent. If cutting is required, then the work needs to be started with the second row. Pieces of tiles are installed last. It looks more beautiful if whole tiles are located in the corners, and the cut fragments are hidden in the places of adjacent to the wall.

Then an adhesive solution is applied to the prepared tiles.

The adhesive composition is applied in two ways:

  • with a gear spatula. This method is suitable in the case of a flat surface. Then the glue extends to the surface of the tiles evenly and the air s are excluded;

Features of cladding tiles of different types of furnaces

First of all, not all furnaces are suitable for cladding, but with some species you will have to tinker. There are three types of furnaces:

Metal stoves

When cladding with a tile of a metal surface, you need to understand that the metal and tiles have different coefficients of thermal expansion. Thus, the plate and tiles on it will be heated and cool at different speeds. This will invariably lead to detachment of decorative tiles or even to crack it. But, and in this case, cladding of a metal furnace with tiles is possible. Professionals recommend the installation of a mobile ligament between the tiles and the surface of the furnace on the basters, this technology will help to avoid cracking;

Brick double.circuit heating furnaces

Ideal if it is planned to clad a brick stove tile. This is due to the fact that the stove has two contours: internal (firebox and arches) and external. The outer circuit, which is in contact with the cladding, heats up significantly less internal, and therefore the facing tiles are held on such a furnace best. By the way, an additional plus of this design of the furnace can be considered the absence of local overheating. Which allows you to facing the fireplace or stove with one material and using one type of solution for its fastening;

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Single.circuit brick furnaces

Often they are installed in baths, for which the stoves are called “bath stoves”. The most problematic option. After all, there is only one contour, which means that the surface warms up more than in the two.circuit oven. Masters who perform the cladding of a single.circuit furnace must have certain experience in order to choose the right tile for facing and the solution that will hold it. Particular attention is deserved in the areas of local overheating.

Among other things, the furnace installed in the bath is exposed to temperature changes and humidity. Bath stove lining with tiles requires a more thorough selection of materials. It is recommended for her to use porcelain tile, as the least porous material withstanding the highest temperatures. Terracotta tiles are also possible, but its thickness should be at least 8 mm, and the distance between neighboring tiles is at least 10 mm.

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Note. Knowing what type of furnace does not yet make it possible to start work. It is also necessary to take into account what type of fuel is the stove. Various types of fuel are characterized by different combustion temperatures. For example, when using solid fuel, the cladding material must withstand the temperature up to 1600 degrees., wood (firewood) will expand the choice of facing tiles T.to. burns at temperatures up to 800 degrees.

Types of stoves cladding

Before carrying out the oven shows, you should carefully select the material for changing the appearance of the furnace device. Properties that should be considered when choosing materials:

  • high heat resistance;
  • good heat transfer;
  • mechanical reliability, practicality;
  • adhesion strength with the solution;
  • Aesthetic attractiveness.

Most often, materials with a thickness of at least 6 mm with a low.porous structure are used to facing the furnace.

finish, stove, tiles, house

It has long been used to change the appearance of the furnace, natural stone, tile material, and wastewater. Modern industry offers artificial stone for such works, as well as talc chlorite.

The use of brick

Brick cladding can be done simultaneously with laying the furnace itself. She can compete in beauty with such expensive materials as granite, marble.

For the best coupling, one of the surfaces of the brick should be rough, the outer side, on the contrary, should be even to look the most aesthetically pleasing. Of course, it should be used to carry out such work refractory bricks. This is also used to work on a metal furnace decor. To “smooth out” different characteristics of the heating of metal and brick surfaces, a layer of ballast from dry sand of fine consistency is laid between them. This step will prevent the deformation of the decorating layer with the expansion of the heated metal and increase the heat transfer.

Brick cladding drive a stove to such a type that is more familiar to perceive

Using ceramic tiles

Ceramic tiles of the glazed type are suitable for cladding devices for heating the rooms, but has restrictions on use. This is due to the fact that it cannot withstand temperature deformations, t. to. not equipped with special hooks and locking joints. Some craftsmen combine brick masonry and ceramic fragments when facing the furnace. The neighborhood of these materials looks good and is a practical way to ennoble the appearance of the furnace.

Combining materials such as brick and ceramics, you can achieve a unique appearance of the furnace

There are several types of ceramic tiles that can be safely used for furnace decor:

Terracotta tiles

Terracotta tiles are famous for withstanding super.high temperatures (up to 1000 o C). This tile is environmentally friendly, t. to. In its production, chemicals are not used even as dyes. Natural shades of different clay give a pleasant for the eye of a person coloring. Using it, you can achieve the optimal thermal regime, t. to. This material has a porous structure that retains heat well.

Terracotta tiles are very suitable for facing the furnace due to its heat resistance and beauty

A long life, a relatively low price. the properties of this material that attract it to use it for cladding of furnaces and fireplaces.

Clinker tiles

Clinker tiles do not have such high heat transfer rates as a terracotta type. But the stove.making masters also use it for cladding. The undoubted plus of this material is a long preservation of heat, although there is a significant minus. slow heating. A stove lined with clinker tiles can be warmed up to 1300 ° C.

The stove device with clinker tiles looks modern and stylish

Majolica

It is called in the Honor of the island of Mallorca, from where this material was imported to Russia. A very expensive decoration of fireplaces and furnaces with this tile spoke of high prosperity owners. Production technology is similar to a terracotta variety of tiles, except that a decorating layer of different colors and pattern is applied on top of the clay base. This fact significantly increases the cost of the material.

Only wealthy people can afford the facing of the furnace with a major

Porcelain tile

Porcelain stoneware. durable material with good characteristics of moisture resistance and strength. Graying porcelain coating is resistant to different chemicals, so such a coating can be washed with modern detergents.

Tiles

The stove.making masters fought for a long time over the creation of a universal material resistant to temperature extremes, and therefore to temperature deformations. Significant assistance to the stovers “provide” tiles, t. to. Their special configuration has made the practical use of clay tiles for furnaces cladding.

Beauty manuals with lining the tiles make them the center of attention

The back of the tiles was equipped with special protrusions (rumps), which allowed to reliably connect an array of masonry and tiles.

Thanks to the special design of the back side, the tiles hold well on the stove

Special brackets are used to connect the tiles with each other, for the same purpose the solution is also used, placed in the inter-sequinuspace and rumps.

Rules for the installation of facing elements on the stove wall

According to the technology, it is better to start the tile on vertical surfaces from below, and it is necessary to lay out the first row and allow the adhesive mixture to harden. This will allow the guides to set, by which it will be possible to navigate when installing the next rows. Therefore, when installing the first row of facing elements, you need to be especially careful. The tile installation process is carried out in the following order:

    The facing element is pressed to the base surface, first with the lower part, and then the upper one, after which it is installed in the desired position with light blows.
    As the row is filled with facing elements, it is necessary to periodically convince that you have not deviated from the given parameters, using the level of larger length for this.

After hardening the adhesive mixture of the first row, you can proceed to the further installation of the tile, filling out the following rows. The procedure for performing this task is the same as for the first row.

But now a long level will also be needed to verify the vertical of the created plane, which is advisable to do in the process of installing each next element.

The stove wall usually has certain places in its design, which should not be closed with tile coating, for example, such as the door of the firebox and blown, the windows of wells to extract the accumulated soot and so on. In order to beautifully design such areas, performing the installation of a tile on the wall of the furnace, a change in the format of ceramic tiles is required, which implies the removal of any of its fragment and, quite often, figured. Kafel is a rather fragile material, so if the fishing line for a trimmer cut is not straight, but has any angles or turns, then it is worth using a corner grinder to form a non-standard element, after which it is mounted on the wall in the prepared space.

You also often have to cut the tiles when the row is completed, as it rarely happens that a flat amount of tiles goes to the wall. Therefore, it is necessary to measure the width of the missing piece with a tape measure, given the size of the seam.

After that, it is necessary to make an insert of the desired size, separating the excess part from the whole tile using a tile cutter.

The finished part should be installed in its place using the same adhesive composition.

As can be seen in the photographs presented above, in order to achieve as much symmetry as possible when installing the tiles of the tile coating, it is important to use limiting crosses that are inserted into the seams between the tiles of two from each side of them.

This will ensure the uniformity of the retreat between the installed elements, and keep them in this position until the mounting mixture is solidified. When the surface of the furnace wall is completely covered with tiles, it will be necessary to wait a day or two to hydration of the cement that is part of the mounting mixture to sufficiently, when it will no longer need to be afraid that the stationary elements of the tile coating will be disturbed.

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What ceramic tiles can be overlaid a stove or fireplace

Ceramic tile lining with ceramic tiles will become easier if you competently choose finishing material. There are seven main types of tiles:

Some types of tiles for cladding require special professionalism of the master. So, laying tiles, only a tile, which has special skills and experience in performing work. For independent finish, choose porcelain tiles or tiles.

Tiles of terracotta

Unglazed ceramic tiles. terracotta is used for cladding furnaces and fireplaces for several centuries. During production, special clay and shagot is added to the composition, in certain proportions. The composition affects the quality and heat resistance of the tile terracott.

A special red color with a brown tint appears due to the presence of a large percentage of metals. During the manufacture of terracotta tiles for fireplaces and furnaces, use exclusively fine.grained clay. Large fractions lead to a decrease in strength and heat resistance indicators.

Facing fireplaces and furnaces with terracotta tiles, is simplicity. The material has the following characteristics:

Terracotta refractory tiles, used for facing natural foci and furnaces. The only thing that somewhat limits the use of finishing material. the appearance, a small range of choice and a constant red tint.

Clinker tiles

Facing clinker tiles for decorating fireplaces and furnaces, made of clay composition using pressing and high.temperature firing. Clay, when reaching 1200 ° C, changes the crystalline structure, acquires strength and heat.resistant characteristics of ceramics.

  • Strength. the clinker is not terrible temperature changes, sharp heating and cooling.
  • Resistance to mechanical damage.
  • High hydrophobic. the material does not gain moisture during operation.

Compared to terracotta, the clinker has a large color scheme. The decorative clinker tile for bricks used for fireplaces looks organically. Color scheme from white to red and chocolate shades.

Maj

She received her name, the tile of the major, due to the fact that the first samples were painted manually, painting that appeared on the island of Mallorca. Today, production is put on stream, but you can order unique handmade tiles. After applying a picture or creating a tone, elements are fired until ceramic glaze appears.

In its characteristics, the major resembles a terracote and has a similar production process. Color and decor of the material, practically not limited. There are samples decorated in the classical and ethnic style.

The technology of laying the tiles of the majolica requires preliminary layout and cutting. Often, the material is released on order, replacing the cracked fragment problematic. Therefore, cladding requires special accuracy, so as not to spoil the tile.

Tiles for furnaces

Trampling stoves and fireplaces are the best option for several reasons. The tile itself is a tile made in the shape of a box. The peculiarity of styling is that the facing material is not attached directly to the brick wall, but to a special rump. Between the stove and the cladding, the space, the air cushion remains, which contributes to the rapid heating of the room.

The disadvantage is the complex installation, which is carried out simultaneously with the laying of brick. Unskilled installation leads to a violation of the heat transfer of a brick stove after lining with tiles. The location of each tile is carefully checked at the vertical and horizontal level, as well as the plane. Start with fastening of corner tiles, gradually proceeding to laying the remaining fragments.

New technologies of lining with tiles, somewhat accelerated and facilitated the masonry process. But this type of finish is still the most time-consuming and complex.

Crama border tiles

Porcelain tiles, got its name due to adding granite and marble to the clay mass in the production of crumbs. Finished products are characterized by the following characteristics:

  • The ability to withstand thermal and mechanical loads.
  • Simplicity of laying.
  • Wide variety in the color scheme and design.
  • A relatively small price.

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During laying, chips and scratches are not formed on the surface of porcelain tile, even with direct strikes. Another advantage of the material is the imitation of most of the existing types of facing, including terracotta and major.

Not all porcelain tiles are suitable for decorating fireplaces and stoves, therefore, when choosing, you will need to consult a specialist.

Shamot tile

From chamotte, a special variety of clay, a special refractory ceramic tiles for facing furnaces and fireplaces are made. The stone withstands the direct effect of fire. The material has a linear expansion close to clay brick.

The blanks are burned in furnaces, at a temperature of 1300 ° C. Shadow has a porous structure, is characterized by fire resistance and inertia in relation to acids, alkalis and other aggressive substances.

The chamotomed heat.resistant tiles for stoves and fireplaces is designed for facing areas subject to severe thermal effects. Facing the internal walls of the open hearth is allowed.

Not everyone likes what shame looks like. The tiles are quite fragile, has a porous structure and with careless styling, gives cracks.

Tile

Masonry of tiles. a budget option that has certain advantages associated with:

Not the whole tile is suitable for stove cladding. This is explained by the features of production. The tile is made in the process of pressing clay mass with low moisture. When heated, the usual tile does not withstand the load and cracks.

For cladding, tiles with a high coefficient of heat resistance are suitable. The tile is not used for strongly warming sections of stoves or fireplaces.

Tiles will cost the most expensive. Medium.sized products, they offer to buy, starting from 200 /pcs. Heat-resistant tiles for stoves and fireplaces made of chamotte, costs approximately 300-500 / m². Tile, you can buy about half the cheaper. Another expensive option is a majolica, especially hand.painted. The price easily reaches 100-200 € per 1 m².

Masters who will engage in tiles of tiles must bring with them all the most necessary for work.

  • Rubber spatula;
  • Grinder;
  • Tile;
  • Level;
  • Master OK;
  • Capacity for the preparation of the mixture;
  • Drill;
  • Spray;
  • Crossings for attaching tiles;
  • Sponge;
  • Grout;
  • Primer;
  • Brush.

Every employee who will do this must purchase all this assortment for himself.

Facing the furnace with ceramic and terracotta tiles: for heat.resistant glue and corners

If the furnace is folded unevenly and poor.quality brick was used for masonry, then it does not look very beautiful. This moment can easily fix the stove cladding with tiles. In this lesson, we will consider 2 options: laying terracotta tiles on heat.resistant glue and mastic, as well as finishing with ordinary tiles without glue.

Training

Spray brick with water

finish, stove, tiles, house

Peel the seams with a brush

Stucco stove

Laying

  • For gluing, heat.resistant tile glue terracotta is used, it withstands up to 200 degrees. In those places where the heating of the cladding will exceed 200 degrees, the tile is glued to the heat.resistant mastic of the terracott, it withstands up to 1100 degrees, since it is not made on a cement basis.
  • Stir the mixture according to the instructions and proceed.

Facing the corners of the furnace

We put the rest of the sections of the furnace on which there will be no cladding

Grout of the seams

  • A day after overlapping the stove with tiles, you can proceed to grout of the seams. To fill them, we will use a construction gun and heat.resistant grout of the terracott (suitable for surfaces up to 200 degrees). Stir the dry mixture with water to the consistency of thick sour cream and fill it into the tube of the gun. The nose of the nozzle of the gun is cut at an angle of 60 degrees to make a hole of 6-8 mm.
  • We insert the nozzle into the seam and evenly fill them to the level of the tile. This work must be carried out extremely carefully so as not to light the front surface. If this happens, then in no case should you try to erase it, so you just spread the mixture on the surface and make it even worse. Wait 2 hours and with a knife chop off the frozen grout.
  • 1.5-2 hours after applying the grout, you can proceed to the stimulating of the seams. To do this, remove excess and irregularities with a frozen mixture using a flat screwdriver with a width of 7-8 mm. You can also use a hard wire ring for this.

Fastening tiles without glue

Another interesting option that can be done with your own hands without even having experience in tile work is to cover the stove with tiles without glue. Fastening is made on home.made corners from galvanizing. This is a complex and painstaking work, but the costs will be minimal.

The main plus of this method is that if one ceramic tile breaks, it can be replaced in a couple of minutes with your own hands, unscrewing the corner and pull it out of the defective row. The minus is that 3 mm horizontal frame will be visible on each tile and heat transfer will slightly decrease due to the air gap.

  • Any ceramic tile, this example uses a size of 10×10 cm. It is sold in modules 3020 cm, so you will need to divide them with your own hands.
  • Galvanizing sheet, thickness 0.5 mm.
  • Aluminum corner 2020, thickness 2 mm.
  • An aluminum strip 20 mm, usually 3 meters are sold.
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The simplest ceramic tile is used 10×10 cm.

We make corners for fastening

The longest and difficult work is to make corners with your own hands. They will have a J-shaped form for fixing the tiles from above and below, as in the frame.

  • Cut the galvanizing with stripes of 44 mm. From these blanks you will need to make a corner.
  • To bend them, make an elementary device made of bar with a screwed metal plate of 6 mm. It is fastened with a small protrusion (3 mm).
  • The dimensions of the corner are shown in the diagram. We set the workpiece on the device in size and clamp with clamps.

Dimensions and location of the corners

We give the plate the desired shape using a kiyanka

Tile fastening

  • A strapping of aluminum corners is made along the perimeter of the stove. They will serve as the basis for fastening horizontal aluminum strips.
  • In addition to the corners, intermediate aluminum vertical plates are attached to the corners.
  • Homemade corners are attached to the plates for torn rivets 63.2 mm. Previously, for this it will be necessary to drill holes. One corner will look one way, the second. to the other.
  • The indent between the rows is made in the width of ceramic tiles, but taking into account a couple of mm reserve, so that it can be easily inserted and pulled out.
  • When all the corners are installed, ceramic tiles are inserted in the side of the resulting frame. The end then closes with the corner.
finish, stove, tiles, house

The main feature of the furnace cladding is the use of heat.resistant adhesive compounds and plaster. In the second example, it was possible to cover the furnace without glue and preparation of the surface. Both options have their pros and cons, so you cannot definitely highlight some best way.

Features of the decoration of metal furnaces

Metal walls have significant elasticity and plasticity, so the process of their facing at first glance may seem quite simple. But the picture is spoiled by high TKR steel and the temperature, which it reaches in the process of operation of the furnace. Based on this, the most preferred way of facing a metal furnace is to stain heat.resistant enamel. today such compounds are in a wide variety of variety are presented on sale.

Before applying enamel, metal walls are degreased. The priming is not used, since this material does not have heat resistance.

The metal stove can be painted with heat.resistant enamel

If you still want to clad the stove with tiles, the latter can be fixed on the basters. They will play the role of a mobile ligament, which will prevent exfoliation of cladding at temperature changes.

Types of cladding

There are a fairly large number of options for cladding for homemade furnaces. When choosing, it is necessary to take into account several factors:

A furnace made of good refractory bricks may not at all need additional decoration, but it often happens that its appearance does not fit into the overall design of the house, and then you have to resort to cladding.

Plastering

This is the easiest way to finish the surface of the stove. Previously, it was done with clay mixtures. But today it is more irrelevant. Special dry heat.resistant mixtures appeared on the market.

How to apply plaster so that cracks do not appear when using the stove? This is an urgent issue for many furnaces owners. Note that cracks appear only when, with the plastering of the furnace itself, when preparing the surface for the decoration or when mixing the solution, the requirements and rules were not observed.

The cladding of the brick wall plaster occurs using traditional sand-clan solutions and professionally made building mixtures, which can be purchased in almost any specialized store. There are several requirements that must meet this material so that it can be used for the walls of the furnace. He must:

  • Be heat.resistant.
  • Have a high capacity of the clutch. In physics, this phenomenon is called adhesion (from lat. “Adhaesio”. sticking).
  • Adequately respond to the fact that the material of the walls of the furnace can expand from high temperatures.

You can use plaster as a facing material for:

  • processing an old stove with a similar coating;
  • buildings that can crack at any time and will begin to seep into the premises, a carbon monoxide will begin to seep;
  • giving a neat appearance to construct;
  • preventing the appearance of insects between the rows of masonry;
  • furnaces in the event that I just wanted to make a room repair, and the appearance of such a hearth for a new design is not suitable.

Plaster may not be the only used facel material

  • The availability of the material. Its use is the simplest of all existing.
  • Low cost.
  • The ability to use the old furnace and restoration of the old. It is perfect for any surface.
  • Increase the thickness of the walls and heat capacity. This leads to the economical use of fuel. After all, the stoves take more time to cool.
  • Prevention of the possible penetration of CO2 into the room and increased fire safety.
  • The possibility of painting, whitewashing or surface coating decorative plaster.
  • Spatulas of different sizes.
  • Hammer for plaster, which clog nails.
  • Trowel to apply and distribute the solution along the walls of the furnace.
  • Hammer Kulachok.
  • Scissors are ordinary or metal, depending on what the walls will be tightened, fiberglass or rabits.
  • Terka and half a month to align and smooth the processed surface.
  • Ironer so that the surface becomes perfectly smooth.
  • Chisel, it makes it possible to make notches that contribute to the best clutch of materials.

The plumb line helps determine the evenness of the masonry

Types of plaster solutions

In the furnace, the atmosphere of constant temperature changes. That is why the main requirement for plaster is resistance to constant temperature changes. If you make the solution yourself, then follow the rules without fail so that there are no cracks. Their composition can be simple and complex. In the first case, only clay and sand are used.

When preparing a solution for plastering the furnace, you need:

  • Sand sift well through a small sieve.
  • Get the clay through it. It should be cleaned of small roots of plants, and acquire a powder state.

Choose a fatter clay, thus the best adhesion of materials will be achieved. But fat content should not be excessive. If it happened, then dilute it with sand.

Larging clay is a mandatory stage in the preparation of the construction solution

Soak the clay in the water before starting to knead the solution. Leave her there for several hours. She must absorb all the water. After that, you need to add more liquids. It needs to be added until the clay “gets drunk”. Water over clay should be 10-15 cm. As soon as the liquid began to remain above the mixture, it can be mixed, achieving the consistency of thick sour cream.

Add asbestos to the solution. It will be a reinforcing component.

An important rule is the use of those materials that, when interacting with high temperatures, do not secrete substances harmful to human health.

Some craftsmen add a little salt to the solution, mistakenly thinking that they increase the strength of the solution. In fact, it’s not the case. But salt can play its positive role. Its addition makes the solution more plastic, which does not allow it to crack. And also different insects cannot start in such plaster.

Table: The ratio of materials in a solution for plastering the furnace

Plaster recipes (e. measure part)
No. composition Clay Sand Asbestos Lime Cement Gypsum
one one 2 0.1
2 one 2 0.1 one
3 one 2 0.1 one
4 one one 0.2 2 one
5 one one 0.2 2
6 one 0.1 2 one

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