How to melt the stove at home with raw wood quickly, how to light a stove
Loading and lighting the oven correctly. this is not just an indicator of the ability of the owner of the house to handle the hearth. In the case of effective kindling, the coefficient of useful action of the furnace will be maximum.
Before setting fire to firewood or coal, it is necessary to take into account factors such as:
- The structure of the furnace;
- place of its location;
- what and in what quantity the fuel is used for kindling;
- Experience in handling the firebox.
First of all, you need to clean the cast.iron lattice (grate), designed for free air access to fuel, as well as remove all ash from the ash. This is required so that the air acts equally evenly to all the combustible. If it is supposed to melt the bake with wood, then they should be dry, the same size, 8-10 cm in diameter.
It is useful to know: the combustion temperature of different wood in the stove Celsius.
The best are the firewood from birch and oak. With their help, you can quickly score the room. Fill in the inner cavity of the furnace with wood, given that between the upper part of the firewood and the ceiling of the firebox should remain a distance of 20 cm, at least. It is necessary to lay all the firewood at a time so as not to constantly open the fuel, laying fuel and thereby cooling the focus.
In order for the firewood to light up, it is necessary to set fire to the beam, paper or bark of birch, putting it all under the fuel. Use gasoline or similar combustible substances is strictly prohibited so as not to deform the furnace.
In life, every person are situations for which he is very ashamed. That’s how you remember, or rather you don’t even want to remember. then you blush with shame.I had one winter with this situation when I had to drown the stove with raw wood.I must say in a normal life. To heat raw wood, you need to be fabulous d m, mmm, let’s say so. fabulous eccentric))
In the normal version, firewood is harvested and folded into the logs in advance next year. But the life of a poor person is full of “miracles” and then it turned out that I already took the horses in the snow.I don’t know if my life advice is relevant for you. Most people now live in cities in well.maintained housing and think about heating only when Kwitches come with accounts for heat. But still there are summer cottages, hunting gate trees, as well as nuclear war and death of civilization. when the urban population will have to be saved in villages (joking of course))))
So if it happened in life that you have to live in uncomfortable housing with stove heating. And the firewood is raw, what to do? I will note right away. that, of course, drowning raw wood is much more labor.cost and firewood will leave more. But there are several useful tips that will slightly facilitate this process.
1) For better combustion, you need to increase the contact area of the surface of the tree in relation to its volume. And that means, in simple language. It is necessary to cut trunks or humps to shorter blocks and then crack them into many small flights (or boards if it is a hump). After that, it is worthwhile to sink them with a broom from the snow and put them into the woodpiles with a cage (one layer across the other), yes, I understand that this is for a long time and time.consuming. But there is no other way out (((
2) Of course, a bunch of firewood even in a poor dwelling does not look very aesthetically pleasing, but it is necessary to bring them before the firebox daily, storing for three days. Today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow. And gently fold the cage (each upper layer perpendicular to the lower). so that there are air gaps between the logs. So the next portion of firewood in a couple of days, at least a little weathered and will dry out. Fold near the stove (not so close that there is no risk of fire)
3) the most important thing to have a lot of dry kindling. even logs in order to build up a lot of beams from them. To do this, you need to select (and more) suitable flights in advance and dry them (under supervision, if necessary) on the stove. Use them only for kindling.
4) the stove’s ignition itself looks like this. A pair of medium damp logs is laid on the sides of the furnace. Completed paper or birch bark, dry beam and larger on top of the firebox and more. Then small chips, then small fields of medium damp (so that they do not crush the beam with their weight).
Then, the larger logs of medium dampness fall on top and from the very top the most damp and large firewood.Thus, the beam lights up from the lit paper, then the chips, then the dried logs and then the fire itself dries raw firewood itself. The main thing is not to yawn and put new logs on time in time, when the lower ones begin to burn and burning firewood in the firebox, the firebreaks drop down. In general, you will not go away from the furnace for a long time. It is necessary to lay it often, avoiding burning to coals alone. That’s how it all looks like. Troublesome, but real. I wish everyone that you read this advice only for the sake of entertainment and general erudition))
We drown the bathhouse correctly
You can not ask the question of how to drown a Russian bath if you need it only to wash off dirt and sweat after a hard day. If you are a lover with qualitatively and with your soul, then you should “confuse” with the observance of traditional top rules.
Preparation of the stove for traction
Before you flood the bathhouse, it needs to be washed after the previous use, take out the remains of a bath broom, rinse the bulk of the bath and fill the boiler for hot water.
- Crush the coals and ash made of blown;
- Open the chimney and using a lit match, check the presence of traction in the pipe;
- Prepare pieces of birch bark, large wooden chips for kindling or stole a thin short chip with an ax;
- Choose 4-6 non-weeds and lay them on the grate with a “well”: in pairs, perpendicular to each other. In the center of the “well” in the process of laying it, place crumpled paper and kindling;
- Cover half the door blown.
The stove for trampling is ready, it remains only to train the supply of firewood for lining and tightly close the door to the steam bath.
Prompus and throwing up
In order not to burn yourself and so soot, make a long tourniquet of paper or newspapers, set it on fire from one end and bring fire to the traction in the center of the well. As soon as it takes care, close the stove door so that the smoke does not go out into the dressing room.
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If in a couple of minutes a buzz of flame and crackling of firewood are not heard, then the firewood has not caught fire and you need to start all over again.
For reference. Sometimes in a chimney due to the pressure difference, an air cork is formed that does not produce smoke and prevents normal rod, but it quickly breaks through the flame. There may not be a thrust and because of a block of pipe of soot or garbage. In this case, it should be cleaned with your own hands, using a “ruff” tied to the rope with a load.
Когда огонь хорошо разгорится, а «колодец» осядет, модно закладывать в топку поленья нормальной толщины. You also need to do this correctly, since drowning a bathhouse with wood is a whole art.
- The firebox is filled not completely, but about two.thirds, so that there is free space above them. It should be between the logs;
- Firewoods are laid to such a depth that they lie on the grate, and not back to the door;
- The logs should be placed on time, not allowing the previous bookmark to be burned completely, and the temperature in the furnace decrease;
- Having made sure of good thrust and even burning, the pipe valve must be a little covered. If this instruction is followed, firewood will burn more slowly, and the heat from them will not flow into the pipe.
The time of full clan depends on many factors. the type of firewood, the design of the furnace, the size and degree of thermal insulation of the steam room, as well as from the time of year and temperature. In winter, the bath usually drowns twice as long as in the summer. And the bath warms up much faster than the bath in the white.
note. There are important differences in how to drown a bathhouse in black. All windows and doors in it throughout the furnace, regardless of the time of the year, are held open. Then the fire is forcibly stewed, the room is ventilated and only after that is tightly closed.
Когда догорит последняя порция дров, а угли подернутся пеплом, плотно закройте дверцу топки, откройте настежь поддувало, дверь в парную и входную дверь, полностью выдвиньте задвижку трубы и плесните на каменку полный ковш кипятка. At the same time, care, do not scald!
Do not close the valve if there is a bluish haze above the coals. this is a sign of carbon monoxide
After that, immediately close all the doors, cover the valve, let the bath brew a little. and you can go steam.
Types of wood in humidity level
It happens that the firewood has been damp or they simply are not there, and the house must be warmed up. Then freshly chopped trees are used. It is better if it is birch or aspen. Oak can come, but it will be difficult to stab. The speed and quality of kindling depends on the moisture content of firewood.
The wood is divided into a number of categories in terms of humidity:
- 0%.completely dried. It is rare due to natural humidity in the room or on the street.
- From 7 to 20%. You can achieve such importance by drying the tree in a special chamber or keep in a warm house all winter.
- 20.45%, normally dried wood from the logs.
- 45-80%, these are fresh firewood, just sawn. Winter and autumn firewood will be more humid. It is difficult to drown them, you need to observe the technology of kindling.
- than 80% of humidity has a tree that has long been in water. It is impossible to drown this at all.
Procedure for traction
Thinly stole the raw dies, split and make the beam.
Fold the chips with a hut, the small put from the bottom inside, and larger, lay out on top.
Punched the stoves hold open to the maximum.
The first 10 minutes, drown the stove with the beach when it warms up, start adding thin firewood. So, melt another 10-15 minutes, try to maintain a uniform flame. How a sufficient amount of coals will appear, start laying small flights, I put two along the edges and one in the middle.
When the “pioneers” begin to light up, carefully put new ones, at some distance from each other. Cover the blown and follow the reaction of the fire. If it does not go out, the blown can be left covered.
When the stove melts and gives a strong, even heat, that it is impossible to bring the hand, you can put the largest logs and close it.
How to drown a stove with wood: useful tips. from problems
The correct furnace firebox provides heat and comfort in the house, as well as economical fuel consumption. The operation of the furnace cannot be considered too complicated, but a negligent attitude leads to excessive problems and reducing the life of the structure.
The correct furnace furnace is the key to its durability.
How to drown the stove with firewood correctly
The efficiency of heating and fuel consumption in solid fuel furnaces significantly depends on the correctness of the launch and maintenance of the combustion process in the furnace. The process of combustion of firewood is conditionally divided into 2 stages. ignition and burning.
At the first stage, wood is heated, causing the release of combustible gas (pyrolysis). Initially, it was precisely precisely this gas, and thermal energy from its combustion brings a carbon.based temperature to the level of fire.
Attention. Most of the thermal energy in the firebox on firewood is ensured by the burning of the released gases. For effective operation of the furnace, it is necessary to provide optimal gasification and saturation of pyrolysis gases with oxygen.
The problem is that the gases tend to quickly combat and disappears through the chimney. The correct furnace firebox depends on: wood breeds, ensuring a gradual gasification, maintaining optimal temperature in the furnace, sufficient oxygen saturation, complete burning of pyrolysis gases.
The furnace process consists of the following stages:
- Preparation and storage of fuel.
- Cleaning the ash zone from the ash accumulated during operation of the furnace.
- An audit of the furnace. Particular attention is paid to the work of the valves and the shutters, the state of the chimney.
- Stuffing of the furnace, t.e. Providing primary pyrolysis gas.
- Set of operating mode of the furnace and process regulation.
- The loading of fuel, if it is necessary to replenish its volume to ensure complete consuming the first load or with an insufficient degree of heating.
- Stop stove.
Features of kindling
After the preparatory stage is completed (fuel harvesting, revision and furnace adjustment), you can begin to operate the furnace. The mode of her work is set correctly by kindling.
Important. It will not be possible to ensure optimal operation of the furnace when trying to set fire to a full load of fuel immediately. The task of the first stage is to create the desired temperature in the furnace due to pyrolysis gas.
There is an important ruling of the wood stove. it should be carried out at maximum speed so that the combustible gas does not have time to disappear, otherwise it will not be able to set fire to the bulk of the fuel. The speed of the process depends on the regulation of air supply and the creation of traction, for which the furniture valves (hooks) and the blunt ash door are designed.
Proper kindling is provided with an open valve and closed ash.Prilction will accelerate when using easily honeycombs. You can use paper (usually half a newspaper sheet), wood chips, several small beams. Such a bookmark must be laid under firewood, in the middle part.
When flame tongues appear over the bending firewood, you can load the bulk of the fuel. Firewood must be laid with horizontal rows or cage. A distance of 9-15 mm should remain between the logs to exit pyrolysis gases and the flow of oxygen inside the masonry.
The firebox should not be clogged with wood. To the top of the camera should remain a space with a height of at least 18-20 cm.
The height of the bookmark depends on the size and quality of the fuel. The following recommendations should be taken into account:
- firewood prepared more than 2 years ago and previously dried in the room-28-30 cm;
- firewood of a one-year blank or old fuel without a drying-18-22 cm;
- recently prepared firewood. no more than 14 cm.
If everything is done correctly, then firewood begins to burn. Next, the blower door completely opens, providing maximum access to oxygen air. The combustion process is controlled by partial covering the door and valves.
- Normal burning is characterized by a flame of golden-soil shade.
- Excessive air flow causes a sharp increase in the brightness of the fire (the flame becomes almost white) and the appearance of the rumble. In this case, it should be covered.
- The appearance of smoke from the pipe and soot, sluggish burning (reddish tint of flame) indicates a lack of oxygen. It is necessary to increase the traction, opening the furnace valve.
Features of the flood
Sometimes for the normal operation of the furnace you need to load fuel (submarine).
Such a need may arise due to the insufficiency of the first laying, rapid combustion of firewood, slowing down with incomplete combustion of the bookmark, insufficient heating of the furnace.
In order to prevent the stove from getting out of the working mode, the furnace door can be opened for no more than 25 s. If it was not possible to load the firewood in the right volume, then the door is re-opened no earlier than after 3-4 minutes.
Drugging of firewood is carried out similarly to the main bookmark, t.e. rows. Additional fuel should save the minimum allowable gap to the top of the furnace chamber (at least 20 cm). When conducting a subcutka, the recommendations should be taken into account:
- The load is carried out no earlier than 25-35 minutes after the stove exits to the operating mode and when it is recruited with a sufficient temperature;
- The main bookmark should be completely sore, and the middle of all logs is charred;
- The work begins with the laying of one log diagonally, with waiting for time until its good ignition;
- Only after ignition of the first log is laid in rows the rest of the fuel;
- 6-7 minutes after laying, the regime is adjusted using a blower and a bit.
The long-term operation of the furnace is not limited to one bookmark, which may be enough for 6-8 hours. Without waiting for the bluish flame until the bluish flame disappears, the fuel is re.laying. The process is not much different from the floodplain, but it takes more time.
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In the process of the next bookmark, it is necessary to provide 2 main conditions: preservation of residual heat to facilitate kindergarten and prevent the entry of carbon monoxide into the room.
Methods of kindling
How to drown a Russian stove correctly? In winter and in the offseason, the stove is drowned once or twice a day, in the warm season-as needed. First, the internal space is released from the remains of coals and ash, remove the dishes, other extraneous objects. To understand how to melt the Russian stove, you need to know some nuances. For kindling, they usually use one of two ways.
Kindling in the fuel container
The most economical way is the filling of firewood in the fuel container. The walls of the Russian furnace in this case are evenly warmed up, and the fuel is consumed economically.
How to drown a Russian stove with wood? The logs in the fuel are laid tightly, filled with firewood almost the entire volume. After the firewood is engaged, you should tightly close the mouth of the mouth.
Firing the fire with such styling is more convenient in the upper way. Prilction from birch bark, paper and beams is placed on top of the stacked logs.
If smoke is observed in the room, then to improve traction, literally two to three centimeters, the ventilation valve is pushed back. When the smoke dissipates, the valve is returned to its original position.
For stable combustion, it is necessary to control the constant access of oxygen to firewood. Therefore, the logs of the poker periodically turn over. Then oxygen penetrates to the lower layers, the combustion process intensifies. Before opening the damper, they closed the blow. Such cunning reduces the flame and the likelihood of smoke of the room.
Когда первая порция дров прогорит до состояния углей, их отодвигают кочергой в сторону. Now the second bookmark is carried out, its volume is less than the first about one third.
Prompting “In Russian”
The second method is called the kindergarten “in Russian”. This method is suitable if there is no need to quickly warm up the room, you need the effect of fireplace burning or when cooking is prepared by languishing.
The process of ignition in this case begins on the. They covered a bit, and the ventilation is kept open. Floys are folded in the shape of a well on the front edge of the crucible
The structure is set on fire and carefully move to the center
Watch the video, it tells in detail about each method of kindling, and the third version of the kindergarten will be a bonus:
Remember that the Russian stove can be drowned as long as you like, you can’t only overheat it. Let warmth and comfort reign in your house!
How to drown the stove with raw wood: basic techniques
Dry firewood is an important detail of a successful furnace of any, even the most obstinate stove. They quickly flare up, providing a stable flame. It remains only to put new logs, and to turn the formed coals. But for some reasons, dry firewood may not always be available, and raw contains too much moisture and do not light up. Using igniting liquids like gasoline or kerosene is not always effective and very dangerous for roding. How to melt the stove with raw wood?
The algorithm of actions depends on the following factors:
Raw aspen does not burn, but “melts”, and at the same time does not emit sufficient heat chips for drying. Firewood firewood is easier, since they contain resins and essential oils. Birch burns best in raw, although it takes time for ignition.
One of the options for solving the problem ─ in addition to raw firewood to buy a little dry, and drown the oven mixed. You can kindle fire with a chip, tanned from dry logs.
How to drown with raw wood? We need to do the following:
- Luchin from the middle part of raw firewood and fold it in the form of a hut, and, on top is larger, and smaller is inside;
- In the presence of birch firewood, remove birch bark from them and light the flame with its help.
In this case, thin wood chips or birch bark dry out a little, and causing a fever, under the influence of which moisture from firewood gradually evaporates and they ignite, without even completely drying out.
Subtleties and nuances
There are some secrets of successful receiving fire from raw firewood, which we would also like to share:
- Worst of all, if you have raw firewood from aspen. This tree breed emits a small amount of heat, so aspen firewood will be very difficult to light up. The logs under the influence of temperature will slowly smolder, secreting very little heat.
- A good option for fast kindling of raw logs will be birch or spruce. Despite the fact that these breeds of trees are distinguished by a lot of soot and soot, they are optimal for fast kindling. Fire on chips and birch bark grabs literally in seconds.
- The original way of rapid drying wood was invented by our ancestors. Salt should be poured on raw firewood in large quantities. Salt will eliminate part of the moisture, and firewood will become suitable for use.
- If we incite a bonfire in nature and in our arsenal there are combustible liquids, for example, diesel fuel, gasoline, kerosene, then it is quite possible to pour chips with these compositions. If we want to use combustible liquids in the furnace, then you can moisten a rag with their help and put it between the logs. A characteristic smell from such liquids after fingering the fire will disappear quickly enough.
- Some experts recommend putting an empty bottle from vegetable oil in the furnace. With its help, it will be possible to quickly get the required amount of fire.
Note that firewood is always bought raw. It is most optimal to do this in winter, storing for the next season, when equipment easily enters the forest. In this case, before use, firewood will lie for you for a whole year. They are required to store them in a woodpile closed from precipitation and blown by the wind.
As you can see, there are no particular difficulties with the trampling of raw firewood, the main thing is to approach this issue thoughtfully, efficiently carry out preparatory work. A little patience, and at your disposal there will be a good intense fire that gives heat.