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How to connect a gas cylinder to the burner

Choosing a gas burner

When hiking, traveling or camping, it is not always possible to cook food on the fire. While fishing a gas burner is necessary for quick preparation of coffee or tea, heating and cooking. This opportunity allows the fisherman to have a good meal, enjoy a fragrant drink, without wasting time collecting wood for the fire and other time-consuming processes.

Gas burners have not always been used. Up to about the mid-1950s, campers had to make do with kettles fuelled by liquid. In our country comfortable gas burners appeared only in the 90s, and since then they have been popular among our countrymen, who prefer active recreation.

Advantages and disadvantages

Tourist gas burners have their pros and cons. Therefore, when choosing an appliance for cooking in the field, the following points should be considered.

  • Ease of use to start cooking just connect the gas cylinder to the burner and light the flame.
  • Safety gas burner does not form soot, burns evenly, does not leak gas, it can be used even in a tent, of course, subject to compliance with elementary rules of open flame use.
  • Portability light, small-sized gas burners can be transported even in the. if necessary. They are also easy to use and require no cleaning.
  • Unstable operation in freezing temperatures in low temperatures, the gas cylinder must be heated. High altitude in the mountains and in severe frosts gas burners are ineffective. For such conditions, you need devices that run on liquid fuel.
  • Small power The amount of heat generated by a gas burner is significantly less compared to a gasoline burner. For this reason, gas appliances are suitable for cooking small amounts of food.
  • Ban on transportation in transport gas cylinders can not be transported in aircraft. So when you arrive in another country or city, you will have to look for a travel store or travel by car.

Continuing to talk about the disadvantages, it should be noted that the manufacturers are trying their best to eliminate them. For example, in order to use gas burners at low temperatures they are equipped with fuel pre-heating systems, such as Tramp TRG-012. There are also camping gas stoves that can be used to cook for large companies Kovea KR-2007 Portable Range.

Fishermen who prefer ice fishing in the winter and travelfishing is still better to look for a gasoline or a burner that runs on both liquid fuel and gas. For example, multi-fuel burner Kovea KB-N0810 Booster Dual Max. with high power and performance due to the wind shield and heat deflector. With such a burner you can travel without worrying about fuel reserves, because you can buy gasoline almost everywhere. But it is necessary to additionally purchase a container for gasoline and always have it with you when traveling. Get ready for the fact that the burner will need to be cleaned from soot and see that there are no fuel leaks. Also multifuel burners are larger, heavier, not easy to light, and expensive.

Separate burner is connected to a cylinder by a special hose: Tramp TRG-010. The advantage of this design is the ability to use different capacity cylinders, stability. In addition, in cold weather the cylinder can be heated on the burner’s fire. It can be turned upside down to use up all the gas.

Combination design The cylinder is connected directly to the burner with a collet or threaded connection: Campingaz Camping 206 Stove or Kovea TKB-9901 Maximum Stove. Collet cylinders are cheaper, more compact, easier to use. Threaded burners are more reliable, more efficient, safer, and can be used at lower temperatures.

Cooking systems are a burner with integrated cookware: Kovea KB-0703 Alpine Pot. This design allows you to cook food in a shorter time, while consuming less gas. However, it is more bulky, which can be an obstacle, especially when hiking.

Fuel consumption and power

When deciding on a gas burner, you need to consider how much fuel it consumes in a certain amount of time. Most manufacturers indicate the consumption in grams per hour. Thus, knowing the flow rate, you can easily determine how much gas you need to take with you on a trip.

Closely related to fuel consumption is the power output. Low-power burners are considered to be up to 2 kW. Burners from 2 to 3 kW are medium-powered, and burners from 3 to 7 kW are high-powered. In the tourist environment there is the following formula for calculating the necessary power 1 kW is needed for cooking 1 liter of food. For three people 2 liters is enough. So, if you plan to cook for three people, a 2-kilowatt burner is enough.

Some manufacturers in the specifications of burners indicate the boiling time of 1 liter of water. Note, however, that this parameter is calculated on the basis of a normal ambient temperature of 18-20 degrees. In the wind and at lower temperatures the time to boil will be longer.

When choosing a camping gas burner you should pay attention to the equipment. It is good if the device is sold together with an adapter for collet burners, additional hose, carrying case. If the burner is not equipped with a piezo igniter, pay attention to whether it comes with a piezo lighter. The folding design of the burner will make it even more convenient to transport. The presence of wind shields, heat reflectors, heating systems will ensure a higher efficiency of the device.

Basically any gas burner will work fine from spring to fall. With it you can brew coffee on the shore and even in the boat, cook food in the field and avoid health problems caused by the need to eat empty stomachs.

Type Overview

The classification of gas cylinders for burners is influenced by different parameters. An important indicator in this respect is the way of fixing the cylinder to the burner. There are the following types of cylinders.

Threaded

Cylinders with a thread are considered universal because they are widely used in camping, road trips, cottages, hunting and fishing. Such containers are threaded on the neck, and the connection is made by screwing directly a burner or a hose from a gas device to a cylinder. In this case the connection is vertical.

Starting and adjusting the gas mixture is manually adjusted with a special valve located on the portable burner.

Therefore, threaded cylinders can be disconnected at any time if needed.

These models are generally made from high quality and durable metal. They are compact, easy to use, very safe and come in different capacities (from 110 g to 500 g). Usage time depends on the cylinder volume: a 230 gram can works for about 4 hours on average.

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Allowed temperature of use. from.5 to 35 degrees Celsius. The composition of the gas mixture in such cylinders is very diverse.

Collet

Collet (or nozzle) cylinders have a push-on (clamping) connection method. These models are equipped with a special cylinder-shaped part, which acts as a clamp when connected to a gas appliance. In order to connect a burner to a cylinder, a special adapter is often required.

The collet method of connection is most commonly used in higher cylinder models. They are designed for use in the home with various gas appliances: burners, stoves, cutting torches. Collet Cylinders for 5 liters are often used at camping sites. This type of cylinders is also very popular in rural areas. Some Russian manufacturers produce cylinders with gas mixture for winter use.

Small collet sizes are designed for camping. The disadvantage of this type of attachment is the fast loosening of the latch, which causes gas leakage. In addition, when transporting there is a risk of accidental pressure on the valve. it is triggered and releases gas. This is why collet cans are not very popular with fans of outdoor activities.

Valves

Valve models can be used for a limited range of appliances, namely Coleman and Campingaz. They are completely unsuitable for other manufacturers’ products.

Maximum safety is provided by the firm fixation of the hose to the burner. This type of fixing is characterized by great reliability and guarantees a high degree of protection against gas leaks and a longer lifetime.

Pierced

These gas cartridges are single-use burners, which can only be disconnected from the gas appliances once the gas has been completely used up. However, improved models of pierced cylinders are equipped with a system called SGS, which allows you to turn off the container that still contains gas. At the same time gas leakage is blocked. Usually such models are used at picnics, summer cottages, at home for soldering and lighting lamps, portable stoves.

Composite

In addition to conventional metal, a new type of gas cylinders appeared recently. the plastic composite. All elements. cover (casing), the vessel itself and locking mechanisms are made of modern materials of high quality and durability, safe for people and the environment.

Such cylinders are easy to use, because they have less weight (about 70%) compared with metal models. Composite cylinders are transparent that allows to visually monitor the level of the gas mixture in the tank and provide timely refilling. The outside of the transparent container has a protective plastic cover, which, if necessary, can be replaced with a new one.

Composite cylinders are explosion-proof, because stop valves have check valves, equipped with a melting insert. As the temperature rises, it melts, the gas slowly escapes from the cylinder, and the pressure inside drops, which eliminates the risk of explosion.

These cylinders can be used with various types of household appliances: stoves, burners, grills.

How to choose for a burner

So, you want to buy a gas cylinder for your burner, but you do not know which one you need, you need to understand a few things:

  • What you need the cylinder for (burner for tourism, burner for work).
  • What conditions will it be used in?
  • Decide on the budget.
  • What size cylinder is right for you.

What size cylinders do you prefer to buy?

Burners are most often used for two purposes. camping and as a blowtorch. If you need a cylinder for a blowtorch, then just buy a regular cylinder with propane or butane. They are cheap, there are no special requirements. The main thing is to choose a cylinder that will fit the size and shape of attachment to the blowtorch.

In the case of tourist cylinders, everything is more interesting. Choose on the basis of how long you will camp or travel and what climatic conditions await you. On the basis of the distance and duration of travel you need to choose the size of the cylinder. the longer the trip, the more cylinder is needed. The exception. trips to “civilized” places, where you can find a store with gas cylinders. In self-contained hiking in remote locations is worth taking along spare cartridges.

In the case of the climate, you need to look at the marking of the cylinder model. There are universal cylinders, which are designed for 4 seasons, but too extreme temperatures they will not stand. If you will be traveling somewhere where the temperature will be lower.15 degrees, then you need to choose winter cylinders. Same for very hot, humid climates.

Pavel Maksimovich Torsunov, expert opinion

connect, cylinder, burner

On a budget: choose only those cylinders that will not burden your budget too much. The main thing is that they are not some kind of homemade or uncertified. It is better to take one more spare cylinder with you than to spend all your money on one expensive one. The composition of the mixture in the extremely expensive and medium-price cylinders rarely change so much that it affects the quality of the burners.

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Gas burner. Types and operation. Applications and features

The gas burner makes it possible to obtain a controlled flame to perform various tasks. It is widely used in the home for welding, soldering, repair and household works, as well as cooking in camping conditions.

Where to use a gas torch

This equipment is suitable for the following tasks:

  • Softening of plastic elements to give them the desired shape.
  • Bending PVC pipes.
  • Melting of non-ferrous metals.
  • Warming up welds.
  • Glowing workpieces.
  • Thawing ice in the pipeline.
  • Disinfestation of wooden structures.
  • Rapid hearth ignition.
  • Burning animal carcasses.

Gas burners provide a controlled flame with an even flare, whose power can easily be adjusted using the available valve. Thus the actual heating temperature can be adapted to the material to be heated or scorched. It is useful to have such a device in almost any house or apartment. Even if there is no need to use it as a soldering or welding tool, the torch will be useful for elementary light fires at picnics. Its use is much more economical than a special liquid for lighting the brazier. Gas burners are used by beekeepers for disinfecting wooden hives. It is also used for treating pet cages, which is much safer and cheaper than using chemicals.

Methods of ignition of burners

The ignition of burners can be carried out by using a lit match, lighter, or directed to an open flame source. This option is fail-safe and can be found on lower-priced devices. Slightly more expensive, but more convenient, is the presence of piezo ignition. In the construction of such devices there is a piezo element that operates when the button is pressed. It produces a spark that can ignite the gas jet. The principle of operation is the same as that of an ordinary push-button lighter. Often the life of a piezo igniter is less than the burner itself. If it is out of service, you can use ordinary matches or a lighter in the future. Piezo ignition is an expansion option, which does not affect the performance of the burner in any way.

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Types of mini burners

Gas burner is a very popular device, so many manufacturers are working on improving this design for certain tasks, which can be performed using it.

connect, cylinder, burner

Now you can meet the following varieties of this equipment:

Tourist burner

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Gas burners for tourism or camping have recently become very popular. They are connected to a miniature gas cylinder. They can be used to cook food or heat water for tea and coffee. It is much more convenient than using a regular hearth. Burner does not emit any smoke or unpleasant odors. As a result of combustion is formed only carbon monoxide in small amounts.

Tourist burners come in three types with:

Gas burner with installation on a cylinder is the most common. It is a compact, trouble-free design. But it is not without its disadvantages. Often its burner is very small, due to the design. This is because creating a large flame source will result in critical heating of the cylinder itself, which can cause an explosion. When using such a burner, it is forbidden to install wind shields close to the flame. To light a burner in windy conditions, it is necessary to find a secluded place. The stability of such a design depends on the width of the can. Given that camping uses compact cooking utensils that rarely exceed 2 liters in volume, the risk of tipping over is minimal. Still, the burner must be watched carefully, as it does not go out if it falls on its side. If the flame stops burning in windy weather, the gas will continue to flow until it runs out.

Burners with side connections of the cylinder are the cheapest. It is not the best option, but it has its advantages. First of all, it is the compactness of the canister itself. Its size is identical to a hairspray, which is not much at all. If you plan to cook food once or several times, it is a wise decision to use this type of burner for camping. One advantage of this design is its high resistance to tipping toward the cylinder, which enables installation even on a slight slope.

A gas burner with a long hose is the best option. This design is less impact-resistant than previous ones, as it has more delicate elements. At the same time, thanks to the hose, you can install the cylinder further away from the burner. This allows the use of a windbreak closer to the flame. This keeps the heat in one place, which significantly increases the speed of boiling water or heating food, while reducing the amount of fuel burned. When using such a torch, you must be careful with the hose to prevent it from breaking. Such devices have a temperature regulator, which is fixed on a cylinder.

Torches

Gas torch torch is of pistol type or so-called L-shaped. The device is attached directly to the cylinder and creates a narrow flame torch. Of course, the actual power of combustion does not allow using the device as a real cutter capable of cutting ferrous metal. The burner’s capabilities allow you to burn through an aluminum can. These are inexpensive devices that can be used as an effective tool for lighting a flame. With their help it is possible to heat plastic pipes in the place of their bend, as well as to heat the sting of a large soldering iron with solder.

All of the torches you can find on the market have a piezo ignition. The combustion temperature of their flame is quite high, and due to the fact that the torch is narrow, the desired point on the workpiece is heated with minimal dispersion of fire, which saves fuel.

Blowtorch

Soldering lamp torches are in high demand. They are directly attached to the cylinder, like torches, but their flame is more dispersed. Such devices are used for heating workpieces more evenly, roasting pigs and poultry carcasses, as well as disinfecting beehives, dog cages and animal cages.

Soldering torch has no piezo ignition. you must have a match or lighter to hand when using it. It is designed with an extension tube that keeps the direct flame away from the cylinder and your hands. Thanks to it, you can work longer without risking to burn or overheat gas cartridge.

Gas type soldering irons

Unlike lamps, this design is less universal, but more convenient for soldering. Often the device does not have a fastener to attach directly to the cylinder, and it needs to be refilled, just like an ordinary lighter. This gas torch has two tips. One creates a torch-like flame, and the other is a stinger.

Such gas torch is very economical in terms of fuel consumption. It creates a targeted, thin flame torch that heats the desired spot. With such a soldering iron it is quite possible to kindle a flame in a hearth or brazier. But the main advantage of this design is the installed stinger. Once the flame is lit, it heats up and can melt the solder and lay it on wires and microcircuits. The device has a wheel to adjust the power, but it is impossible to set the exact temperature, so you have to navigate by your own feelings and observe the behavior of the solder. Gas soldering irons are often called pencil irons. This design rarely provides for piezo ignition. If you use a stinger attachment, you can turn off the flame after preheating to save gas. After a few minutes of reopening the gas, it will ignite spontaneously from contact with the glowing tip.

Differences of burners according to the type of cylinder used

The gas torch can provide different ways of connecting to the fuel cartridge. There are four versions of cylinders:

The threaded cylinder is the most common variant. Its neck has a thread, which is screwed on the burner. It is very convenient. This option is most often found on touring burners, which involve installation on top of the cartridge. It is a reliable and durable design.

Collet connection of the cylinder is also a common option. Unfortunately this construction is not the most reliable. Cylinder retainer often fails, after which the connection begins to leak gas. The good thing about these burners is low cost and low weight of the cartridges. This option can be found on torches and blowtorches.

Cylinder burners of the valve type are reliable in terms of gas loss at the connection point. To install it, you just need to press the pressure reducer firmly against the cartridge, and make a turn with a special retainer. This way of mounting is more used on touring burners.

A burner to be mounted on a piercing cylinder is a rare design. The disadvantage is that the gas cartridge cannot be removed until the fuel runs out.

Special adapters are available on the market. They can be used to connect to various burner designs cylinders that are not designed for them. It allows you to use cheaper cartridges instead of expensive.

How to connect the gas cylinder to the gas stove: standards and guidelines for connection

Cylinder gas allows for serious savings on cooking in the country house. But you have to admit, the blue fuel is source of serious danger. The slightest break in a connecting pipe or the slightest fault in a cooktop, and a fire is inevitable.

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In this article we will describe in detail how to connect a gas cylinder to a gas stove perfectly and qualitatively. We will tell you about the rules, following which will ensure safety at the time of connection and during operation. Our tips help you avoid mistakes when hooking up propane.

Using a portable gas stove

In addition to stationary household models, there are also portable models. They can be used for camping or in the country house if you don’t live there for a long time. With its small size and weight (about 2.5 kg), the device has a capacity comparable to a stationary stove. You can easily boil water on it or cook a meal.

Fuel for portable stoves is contained in aerosol cans. To connect, insert the nozzle of a small gas can into the adapter. Press on the drum with a little effort. After aligning the grooves, rotate. If after that you hear a characteristic hiss, it means that the container is properly installed and the propane flows into the stove. Appliance is ready to use.

If there is no hiss after connecting, try again.

Which is of higher quality: professional or budget??

So, professional contractors usually buy expensive professional gas burners, which are reliable and safe to use. But a small handy tool without additional demands will do for a domestic handyman to equip and repair the roof of his own house. Will the quality of work be worse? Not at all! Such gas burner is just not suitable for industrial works, where it is used nearly every day, and where the first place is the continuity of processes and absolute safety.

It is also not acceptable when the team goes to a new site (and, of course, the terms are sure to burn), and the burner. with a defect. There is no time or reserve to stop everything and go out to buy new equipment. While with the careful handling in the hands of a home handyman, even the most Chinese unit will serve you with good faith and fidelity for decades. Especially, if it is used no more than once a season.

In the end, you get the same result whether you use a solid professional burner or an ordinary burner. But no matter how expensive and professional a gas torch may be, before each use be sure to check its connection hose, tightness of joints and nozzle clogging. Such problems are not common, but if you miss a defect, there is a risk of serious consequences.

Although, if you have the idea to buy the cheapest lighter (how much is the roof of the garage?), we will hasten to dissuade you. The thing is that if the gas burner has a weak reducer, then the fire will be no more useful than the same blowtorch. Work will go very slowly. by the time you heat up one part of the plate, the other will have cooled down. In the end, you just have to remove the reducer and work without it at your own risk.

Equipment: Universal set of gas hoses and adapters.

Hi all!I decided to write about my universal gas adapter kit that allows me to use any camping stove with any gas cylinder, which is very convenient for travel.

To start a little bit of theory.In Russia, the most common three types of gas cylinders. collet, aka “dichlofosnik” threaded EU and household, aka Soviet, aka “country”.All cylinders are designed for propane-butane mix, depending on the proportions of gas has a different evaporation temperature, respectively, depends on the ability to use gas in the winter.For example, the ratio of propane/butane 60/40 is a summer mix, 80/20 is a winter mix. The more propane, the “winterier” the gas.

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About Cylinders.Collet cylinder, aka “dichlofosnik” is the most common in terms of points of sale, you can buy it at gas stations, small stores by the road, automotive, hardware, construction stores. Characterized by low cost and frankly shitty gas, which at 10 degrees almost does not evaporate, and therefore does not burn. Also characterized by the fact that the cap from the cylinder is always lost and when transporting the valve is pressed on the neighboring things and the gas leaks.Threaded cylinders can be found in special tourist stores and are used by most hikers and hunters. Gas is usually good, you can use it in winter, but the price is 2-3 times higher than the price of dichlorfosnik. Are available in different sizes. 110g, 230g, 450g, buy really 230g and 450g.Household cylinders. Heavy. Volume. But refillable at many gas stations. But the gas is cheap. And they are capacious, such as me for two weeks expedition with cooking 3 times a day enough to one 12-liter tank, while filling such a cylinder can be for 350r, which roughly corresponds to the price of a threaded cylinder at 450g.Cylinders are available in metal and composite, in volume. from 5 to 50 liters.

Now for the stoves and torches.Stoves for collet cylinders. Most popular among hitchhikers. The collet slips inside the stove, all in a handy plastic box. Convenient, but quite bulky. The flame is wide, so it’s good for cooking. Cannot usually be used with threaded cylinders (described below how to get around this), with domestic cylinders only if there is a separate entrance (but again described below that this is not the case).Burners for threaded cylinders. Popular with regular hikers, climbers and other extreme climbers. Characterized by compactness and a small flame source, which makes cooking over low heat very difficult, for example porridge will almost certainly burn in the center of the pot. Through widespread adapters can be used with collet cylinders.Stoves for domestic cylinders. Usually it’s a dacha version, very bulky but very handy. Good for base and stationary camps, you can cook anything, just like at home.

Theory over, let’s move on to the crossing of different types.Most of the described hoses and adapters for some reason are not sold in Russia, but they can be found on AliExpress.

Connecting a gas cylinder to a portable stove

There are a large number of mobile heaters for various purposes, which use household gas as source of energy. The most common are portable cooking stoves, which are used by dacha residents in the absence of mains gas on the sites. Among fishermen, tourists and geologists are popular heaters and lamps. Portable gas burners are in demand for finishing, welding and soldering work.

Author

Kerariel

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