How to clean a dishwasher at home: the best mechanical and chemical methods
In order for the dishwasher to regularly cope with its duties, you need not only to comply with the operating rules, but also to regularly care for technology. Otherwise, you may encounter such troubles as the smell of musty, fatty, mold. And in particularly neglected cases. and with breakdown of the equipment itself.
All about how to clean the dishwasher at home and extend its service life, you will learn from the article we have proposed. We described in detail the methods and steps for the maintenance of the dishwasher, listed the funds checked in practice. Given our tips, you exclude any problems in the work of the machine.
How to prevent the appearance of blockages?
In order not to repair equipment, prevent the appearance of blockages. Adhere to the operating rules, even the manufacturer calls on the instructions.
- Carefully clean the dishes of food residues, napkins.
- Clean the drain filter at least once a week.
- Once every six months, clean the pouring filter-mit.
- Carry out the car from mold and fat.
- Install additional filters to reduce the concentration of salts in water.
Watch a useful video for maintenance of a dishwasher:
Do not forget, the life of the equipment depends directly on us. How you will take care of the dishwasher, so much it will last. If your car is under warranty, contact the service center.
Blockage in a dishwasher
Typically, blockage in a dishwasher is found when you open the door of the washing chamber, and there is water in the dishwasher. Do not be upset, because in most cases, if your Bosch dishwasher is clogged, you can eliminate the blockage yourself. Your “dishwasher” can clog for several reasons:
First check if there was really a blockage. It is possible that the reason that water does not leave the dishwasher was large objects that prevent her from doing this. Often, in practice, Bosch repair masters are found cases of film or polyethylene packages into the filter system at the bottom of the washing chamber. Check if some items have come into filters.
Next, inspect the filters themselves. Frequent cause of a blockage car Bosch is blocking filters. Rinse the mesh filter of thin cleaning (microfilter) counterclockwise, then rinse it under the tap, if necessary, use the brush for cleaning. It is recommended to clean filters regularly. So you exclude the risk of blockage, as well as the appearance of unpleasant odors in the dishwasher.
Another popular reason that the dishwasher was clogged is the clogging of the most drain pump. The instructions for your device described in detail how to clean the drain pump. To do this, turn off the dishwasher from the network, take out all the baskets for dishes and filters, scoop up the water. After that, lift the pump cover (white) with a teaspoon, take this lid by a special tongue, lift it, tilted inside, and completely remove it. After that, check the impeller for the presence of extraneous objects that can block it, preventing rotation, and, if there are such, remove them; Then set the lid in place to the click, and finally place the filters and baskets back into the dishwasher.
If the blockage in the dishwasher and after that cannot be eliminated, also check the siphon itself, where draining from the dishwasher is made. Perhaps the siphon itself was clogged. You can clean the siphon and drain pipe using a special cleaning cable, or seek help from plumbing.
If you independently eliminate the reason why the blockage arose in the dishwasher does not work. Contact the service from the manufacturer Bosch. Our experts will quickly help you.
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The dishwasher clogged. what to do?
If you do not know how to clean the dishwasher, if it is clogged, use this detailed instructions.
- Disconnect the drain hose from the body of the dishwasher.
- If the filter mesh is clogged, immerse it in a container with a special tool.
- Hold for about 20 minutes.
- Wash the filter under the crane.
- Install in place.
To prevent the formation of blockage, repeat these actions at least 2 times a year.
How to clean the dishwasher if it is clogged and washes poorly? Perhaps the problem is in spray elements, an oblong bar with holes in which fat often accumulates, food remains and lime deposits. Cleaning them is very simple:
- Unscrew the nozzles and soak them in soapy hot water for about half an hour.
- Wipe all the surfaces under them thoroughly with a rag.
- Run the nozzles under the tap, removing the remaining dirt with a soft brush or toothpick.
- Rinse the holders who hold the sprayer itself. scale can also accumulate in it.
The “dead zone” is called the space near the lower part of the door. the water does not reach here, but the garbage accumulates quite quickly, so this area needs regular cleaning. As for the baskets, they are easily laundered by an ordinary kitchen and dishwasher.
To eliminate the blockage of the drain, follow the following actions:
- Pull out all shelves and baskets from the camera.
- Put the device on the floor.
- Remove the lower cover (unscrew the screws or unfasten the latches).
- If a float sensor is attached from the back of the lid, unscrew the mounting bolt and unfasten the wiring.
- Find the pump inside, turn off the wiring chips and remove the pump from the place.
- Check holes for garbage.
- Additionally, inspect all nozzles, hoses and other parts.
- Collect everything in the reverse order.
If the blockage is formed in the drainage filter:
- Pull the lower box out of the dishwasher.
- Disconnect the filter and metal mesh.
- Wash them under running water. Particularly complex contaminants can be removed with a brush, match or toothpick.
- Wipe the water in the pallet.
- Remove the pump damper. for this you need to pull the lid first to the side, and then to yourself. If the damper is on the screws, they will have to be unscrewed.
- Wash the impeller in hot soapy water.
For the purpose of prevention, repeat these actions 2 times a month.
To eliminate problems in the operation of the sewer system, you can call the home repair master at home or try to eliminate the blockage on your own. You can do this in 3 different ways:
- Clean the contaminated area with a thin ruff on a wire or cable for cleaning the sewer system;
- Disconnect the siphon and wash it with water;
- Fall asleep into the drain hole a special tool type “mole” and use a plunger.
A good cleaning will be needed by a drain hose. it can be cleaned with a ruff or washed under a large pressure of water.
To wash the dishwasher inside, treat the entire inner surface of the chamber with a wet soap sponge. It is advisable to use funds designed to combat strong fat deposits.
Important! When I am going to eliminate the blockage in the dishwasher, be sure to turn it off from electricity and block the water supply. If you checked and cleaned everything that is possible, and the device did not start working, then most likely we are talking about a more serious breakdown requiring the help of a professional master.
Why does the dishwasher not drain the water? How to check the drain of the dishwasher?
If during operation you notice that your dishwasher does not drain water. Do not worry ahead of time. There may be several reasons for this. First, if water remained at the bottom of the dishwasher. This is not always a sign that there are problems with the drain. Perhaps you opened the door of the dishwasher ahead of time.
In this case, the cycle is interrupted, and the water will remain below. Until the washing cycle is over. Either there was a shutdown of electricity and a washing program failure. In any case, first you need to figure out how it works and the drain of the dishwasher is arranged
For what reasons, water remains in the dishwasher?
To understand why there is water in a dishwasher. You need to deal with such questions as. Was a dishwasher turned on? The sink cycle was only launched or came to an end. Was there a shutdown of electricity or water.
Whether the dishwasher completed the dishwasher and left the water at the bottom or stopped in the process? If your dishwasher is squealing and flashes indicators. Most likely the problem has already been identified at the stage of washing or launching the dishwasher. There may be several options. The main ones are below.
The dishwasher does not drain water and is worth
If after starting it is found that the dishwasher does not make the characteristic sounds of the sink. And opening the door found that there was water in the dishwasher. In such cases, the following often occurs. The dishwasher flies water as usual. But for some reason the circulation pump does not start. The sink does not happen. Water can heat up in the process.
In this case, it is necessary to cancel the program and close the door. If the water merges, but with repeated starting, the same. It is necessary to deal not with the drain of water, but with the cause of which the pump does not start
The dishwasher clogged
Blockage in a dishwasher is not such a rare phenomenon. Non.compliance with operating rules often leads to the fact that the remains of food are clogged by nozzles. Shards of broken dishes can also lead to plum clogging.
But there is a probability of damage and drain pump. Both the dishwasher itself can be salted, and the place where the drain hose is connected. This is usually an ordinary siphon. When connecting the drain of the dishwasher directly into the main pipe.
The probability of blocking the blockage is noticeably reduced.
To eliminate the blockage, it is necessary to clean the drain filter.(mesh under the sprayer) and check the output place to the sewer. If these procedures are unsuccessful. Most likely you can’t do without the help of a master. After all, in some cases. Even to eliminate blockage. Dismantling and partial disassembly of the dishwasher will be required.
The pumping machine pump is faulty
Discharis of the drain pump is also not a rarity. This is due to the fact that it has great loading and is constantly in water.
For modern dishwashers age 3 or more years. The probability that the pump was out of order is quite high. It will require certain skills to check it. Or replacement for a deliberately serviceable part.
Which is suitable specifically for this model of the dishwasher.
The main feature of a malfunction of the drain pump can be considered the absence of sounds when the drain is launched. Or interruptions with a drain of water, provided that there is no blockage in the dishwasher. It is also impossible to exclude the fact that the pump is launched only when the command is obtained from the control unit. If the food does not come. Replacing the pump in a dishwasher, of course, will not give a result.
Water at the bottom of the dishwasher
You will also be interested in why it costs water in the dishwasher, at the bottom. If you look at the filter, you can see that at the bottom at the bottom. There is a certain amount of water.
The norm (for different models) can be considered from a barely noticeable level to several centimeters. (5-7) The presence of water under the filter grid.
Due to the fact that during the drain, part of the water inevitably gets back from the drain hose.
At the output of the drain pump there is a check valve. If it does not close tightly, or does not close at all. Water will form at the bottom. Streaming from the drain hose. In this case, it cannot be said that the dishwasher does not drain water. A small amount of its residues can be taken as normal. But if the water in the dishwasher is above the filter grid. It is worth dealing with the problem.
How to check and start draining water in a dishwasher?
Ate the dishwasher did not drain the water. And it is necessary to enable forced drain. This procedure is performed, depending on the brand and model in different ways.
For dishwashers Bosch, Siemens, NEFF. You need to drop the program and close the door. For models older. This reset of the program is performed by pressing two sink programs at the same time.
On the panel they are highlighted by the line and the inscription Reset.
For modern models. Press and hold the start button for a few seconds and close the door. If there is no blockage and the pump is in good. Water for 1.5 minutes should merge.
KitchenAid Dishwasher Clean Water Wash Filter Replacement and Circulation Pump Replacement
For dishwashers of other manufacturers, forced plums can be done by the cancellation of the program and launching another. (water drain at the beginning of any cycle) The program cancellation is often carried out by holding the program selection button. Or another combination.
(see instructions) in some dishwashers. For the cancellation of the program. It is enough to turn off the dishwasher and turn it on again.
How is the drain of the dishwasher
All water that remains at the bottom of the dishwasher. When starting a drain pump. Pumping occurs. Water passes through the filter (if it does not score) further through a special hole at the bottom of the dishwasher.
Tighten in the drain pump itself and already on the other side of the drain pump enters the pipe. A check valve may be on the pipe. (Rubber plug that prevents water from the drain hose.
The drain hose may consist of several small hoses. But ultimately water enters the main hose. And already goes directly to the Sifon. If any of these areas accumulates the remnants of food. There is a blockage. The pump works. But the water does not leave. Or leaves very slowly.
How to Diagnose Draining and Motor Problems in a Dishwasher
Washing a mesh filter
Let’s start by cleaning the mesh filter, which must be cleaned once a week. After all, on it quickly forms a plaque of fat, which clogs small cells, which is why an unpleasant odor appears, and most importantly-leak.
To remove the filter, the lower basket is carefully removed and disassembled as shown in the photo above. It is enough to rinse the extracted filter under a stream of water with ordinary dishes for washing and installed in place.
Why is it important to clean the filter in time
Before loading into a dishwasher, dishes and devices must be cleaned, ideally, rinse in warm water.
But, since riding the dishes completely from all pollution would mean washing it, the further use of the dishwasher loses all meaning.
Small particles of dirt will remain on the dishes before loading into the dishwasher in any case. But large ones must be removed in advance!
After starting the program, dirt from plates and pots is washed off with water with special detergents to the bottom of the washing chamber. There is a drain cleaning filter, which is often called “garbage”.
Having detained particles of food, fat, napkins and other garbage, as well as detergents, a cleaning filter is very often and quickly polluted.
Given the importance of maintaining the cleanliness of the drain filter, some manufacturers of household appliances already produce dishwashers with self.cleaning filters.
The usual filter is recommended to be cleaned independently every time after completing the next washing cycle!
If you do not have excess free time, clean the filter at least once every 2 weeks. 2 months (if you use the unit rarely).
Pollution and clogs in the filter provoke such malfunctions of the dishwasher:
- The water drains slowly, the washing cycle is extended,
- water does not merge at all, remains in the unit,
- water flows through the door,
- the dishes are not washed out, it remains dirty, in spots and divorces,
- The machine makes noise louder, makes abnormal sounds,
- An unpleasant odor appears, malicious microorganisms multiply in the rampant chamber.
Timely cleaning is saved not only by the filter itself, but all the other parts of the unit! After all, the motor, pump, het and other important components, in the case of improper functioning of the filter, have to work for wear.
So, cleaning the garbage filter and cleaning of clogs in it is a preventive measure that prevents most of the possible breakdowns of dishwashers! This is why it is so important to clean the filter in a timely manner!
Cleaning the garbage filter of a dishwasher
In different dishwashers, a drain.cleaning filter located at the bottom of the washing chamber looks approximately the same.
The filter is not one detail, but a whole filter node. Usually in its design there are several details:
- Fine.masculine internal filter of thin cleaning,
- Inner filter of rough cleaning,
- External filter network,
- Supporting details.
It is not difficult to detect the filter if you get all the baskets for dishes from the car. It is located under the sprayer of water, resembles a glass inserted into the bottom.
It is also not difficult to extract the filter. it without problems is twisted clockwise or simply stretches out of the nest.
Attention! Before you remove the cleaning filter, turn off the equipment from the electricity! If there is worked out water at the bottom of the car, collect it with a rag.
After extracting, the filter is easily disassembled into components and washed under running water.
If the pollution is significant, it is allowed to use chemical and natural detergents:
- laundry soap,
- gel or powder for washing dishes,
- Food soda,
- Salted salt,
- citric acid solution.
The remaining food and fat are well removed with brushes (including an old toothbrush), toothpicks. You can pre.soak the filter in a cleansing solution for several hours to facilitate the task.
The more often the garbage filter is cleaned, the easier and faster it is.
After the filter is washed, it is installed in the reverse order in the nest.
Together with cleaning the filter, it is recommended to clean the entire beating chamber (especially its bottom) from dirt and all the water spray.
All manufacturers of dishwashers in the instructions for the unit describe the procedure for cleaning the filter node. If you doubt your actions, roll up with the instructions.
note! If you notice damage on the filter (chips, cracks, otherwise), it is advisable to replace it with a new.
Cleaning a bulk filter of a dishwasher
The filter of the water supply valve is clogged much less often than the trash, but this detail also needs to be paid attention to.
The more dirty and “hard” water flows through the pipes, the more often they remove and clean the bulk filter.
Due to the clogs in the filter and the intake valve of water supply often provoked by them, the dishwasher stops to pick up water or does it very slowly.
To clean the bulk filter, you need:
Where is the circulation pump in the dishwasher?
The circulation pump is located under the bottom of the dishwasher. To repair the pump of the dishwasher, it is necessary to extract it from the machine and replace the graphite bushing with new, the same type, brand and size.
To diagnose the heater, attach to the contacts of the probe of the multimeter to measure the resistance they fasten the heating unit.
- Put the PMM body to one side or turn upside down.
- Dismantle the lower panel.
- Scroll through the pump and remove. Disconnect the sensor from it.
If you want to entrust the pumping of the pump to professionals or found a problem in your dishwasher, you can invite our specialist at home, and we will find and eliminate the problems that have arisen quickly and professionally.29 61 29 61 round.the.clock support
A round.the.clock support service of household appliances Bosch will answer all your questions.
Make a call of a specialist in repairing large equipment at any time convenient for you.
Download the instruction manual or get answers to frequently asked questions.
Learn more about our expanded service program for the next year or two years after the end of the factory guarantee.
Когда нужно обращаться в сервисный центр по ремонту посудомоек
Of course, the simplest problems in the work of the dishwasher can be eliminated independently. For example, fix the overhang of the hose or remove the resulting blockage. But with the change of the pump, the installation of a new module or a press start, not everyone will cope. If you are not confident in your abilities, it is better to turn to the masters.