How much is a cast.iron battery
Now it has become obvious how the weight of the battery from cast iron popular among consumers of the series. But the characteristics of the original devices differ in relation to the cost and mass.
For example, one section of a three.channel floor.made French.made heating device Guratec Apollo 795 weighs 13.5 kilograms. The product is demonstrated on sale with 7-sequent batteries, the total weight of which is 94.5 kilograms. When transporting it, unloading and installation, several employees will need the help of.
Foreign radiators before implementation in domestic markets should undergo a procedure for mandatory certification regarding the compliance with the GOST, but at the same time the weight of the part is not taken into account
The advantages of cast iron
If we do not consider how much a cast.iron battery weighs, you can note a whole range of advantages of heating devices of this type, which include:
- Corrosion resistance;
- Resistance to chemically aggressive environments. the material is undemanding to the characteristics of the coolant;
- high heat radiation indicators. the larger the number of sections, the higher the heat transfer of the heating device.
The appearance of standard cast iron batteries is simple and concise, but today manufacturers also offer radiators made under the old days. The advantages of such models include a stylish and respectable appearance.
Various options for radiators
Heating power power is an indicator of its heat efficiency. When calculating the heating system, the needs of the house in the heat are taken into account
It is important to know the power of the 1st section of the cast.iron radiator to determine the size of the batteries for each heated room. Incorrect calculations lead to the fact that the room will not warm up qualitatively or vice versa. you will have to often ventilate it, removing excess heat
In an ordinary standard radiator of cast iron, a power of 1 link is 170 watts. Cast iron batteries withstand heating over 100 ° C and successfully function at a working pressure of 9 atm. This allows you to use this type of product as part of central and autonomous heating networks.
Manufacturers offer lightweight options for gray cast iron batteries. If the weight of 1 link of the Soviet radiator MS140 is 7.12 kg, then 1 section of the Viadrus Styl 500 Czech production model weighs 3.8 kg, and its internal volume is 0.8 liters. This means that the Czech radiator of 10 links filled with the coolant will have a mass (3.8 0.8) × 10 = 46 kg. This is 40% less than the mass of the filled battery of MS 140, consisting of a similar number of elements.
Cast iron heating devices of a lightweight model are also produced in Russia. Under the EXEMET brand, Modern batteries are available, 1 section of which weighs 3.3, and its internal volume is 0.6 liters. These tubular cast.iron radiators are characterized by relatively low heat transfer, which requires an increase in the number of links. Heating devices are designed for the floor installation.
Vintage radiators from cast iron are popular with growing popularity. These are floor models made using art casting technology. Due to volumetric complex patterns, the weight of the cast iron radiator section is significantly increased, it reaches 12 or more kilograms.
Cast iron vintage floor radiator
In houses built before the revolution, cast iron radiators are still working, installed more than 100 years ago. Modern heating devices from this material are also designed for decades of unconscious operation.
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Durability is explained by the strength of cast iron, resistance to heating and pressure. Cast iron heating devices do not rust during the period when the coolant and the inner surface of the batteries are in contact with the air from the network.
The weight of the section of the cast.iron radiator depends on its height, configuration and wall thickness.
Manufacturers offer models with various characteristics:
- The depth of the battery is from 70 to 140 mm in standard performance;
- The width of the link varies from 35 to 93 mm;
- Section volume. from 0.45 to 1.5 liters, depending on the dimensions;
- height heating device in standard design-370-588 mm;
- Intercessor distance. 350 or 500 mm.
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The situation in the modern market
Although not on a scale as from the time of the USSR, cast iron radiators are produced today. For example, in Minsk and Lugansk, cast-iron radiators MS-140 are produced in high demand. Radiators have almost the same characteristics, with the exception of one. color. Minsk residents produce red radiators, Lugansk plant. gray.
Modern cast.iron radiators are produced from high.quality cast iron. This largely determines their parameters and stability of characteristics, including weight. In particular, regardless of the Party of Supply, the weight of 1 section of the cast-iron radiator of MS-140-7.1 kilograms. Thanks to this, in the process of design calculations, you can determine the load that the walls will experience, to which heating batteries will be attached.
Belarusian and Ukrainian factories, of course, are not the only enterprises that produce cast.iron batteries. Since recently such products are in higher demand, radiators of various colors and sizes have been produced. In addition, recently, batteries decorated with casting and imitating ancient products appeared on the market. This significantly increases interest in products of this type.
Nowadays, it is possible to choose a cast.iron heating device in relation to different installation conditions, including by weight. Thanks to the floor installation, too heavy vintage batteries do not even need brackets for fastening, except as an additional fixation to the wall.
Technical characteristics of cast.iron radiators MS 140 How to fold a brick bath oven a review of heating radiators: which batteries are better to put?
In order for the heating system to serve for many years, you cannot ignore parameters such as the weight and volume of the radiator section. Only by correctly calculating the load on the fasteners, you can guarantee the reliability of installation, as well as the uninterrupted operation of the entire heating network.
About cast.iron batteries
Cast iron radiator belongs to the classic of the genre. It has been used for more than 100 years and not a single modern model is still incapable of displacing from the market. Cast iron radiators are in demand due to the characteristics of the material itself.
Important advantages of cast iron are:
- Corrosion resistance,
- Long.term operation,
- Injected to the quality of the coolant,
- Great heat transfer,
- UNSUMENTION in application.
Everything cannot be so smooth, and two shortcomings are still located.
- One lies in the mass. How much does a section of a cast.iron battery weigh? Weight 1 section of a cast.iron radiator is approximately 7.5 kg. Thanks to simple conclusions, you can conclude that a standard battery of 7 sections will weigh 52.5 kg. To provide a comfortable temperature in the room, one section of the heating element, as a rule, is not enough. Based on these circumstances, carrying out the reliability of the design, you have to think over the methods of attaching radiator elements to the wall. Let’s calculate by example. Soviet model MS 140. which is still present in the market, has a considerable mass. 7.12 kg. The volume of its one section is 1.5 liters of water, the total mass is obtained equal to 8.62 kg. Thermal power is approximately 170 watts. How many sections are needed to heat a room with an area of 20 m2? If it is necessary to heat a room of 20 m2, then 12 sections will be required, then the mass will be 85.4 kg, plus water. 103.4 kg.
- The second negative moment of cast iron is its fragility. Therefore, in order to carry the product with a large mass and its fastening, it is necessary to do all the manipulations with it as carefully as possible, preventing the slightest blows to avoid microcracks invisible to the eye. Since in the process of working with the inevitable growth of pressure in the heating network, the cracks formed will begin to increase, which will end with radiator leaks.
Modern heating radiators from cast iron
For wall mounting, there are new products from gray cast iron from various manufacturers, whose mass is much less than traditional MS 140. For example, the Czech heating radiator Viadrus Styl 500, shown in the figure.
Its characteristics are as follows: mass 1 section. 3.8 kg, capacity by water. 0.8 l, the total comes out 4.6 kg. With a located heat flow of 140 watts, a 20 m2 will require 14 pcs on our room, which will be 64 by weight.4 kg with water. This indicator is 40% less than that of MS 140, and dividing it into 2 parts (32 kg each device), it becomes clear that it is possible to install cast.iron radiators on walls of porous concrete without special additional inventures. An even lighter design is offered by a Russian manufacturer selling its heating devices under the EXEMET brand, namely Modern model.
Here one section of the radiator weighs only 3.2 kg during heat transfer 93 watts, 22 sections with a total mass of 70 are required in the room of 20 m2.4 kg. This indicator is also quite good, especially if you consider that the company makes these batteries with the possibility of flooring.
It is impossible not to say a few words about a product such as a vintage cast.iron battery, whose weight is even more than the Soviet MS 140 and in some cases reaches 14 kg. These heating devices with their appearance resemble ancient, installed in residences and estates in the distant XIX century.
The Exemet Fidelia model depicted in the figure has a weight of 12 kg with a heat transfer of 156 watts, which makes the total weight of a cast.iron radiator for our example is simply monstrous. 154 kg. But as can be seen in the image, here the installation issue is solved differently: the first and last sections have the legs for placing the heater on the floor.
Installation of a heating system
The heating system is installed on batteries mounts. Since mounting cast.iron batteries is performed on walls or partitions, it is necessary to make accurate calculations of the total weight load of the heating system. And if it is impossible to install heating batteries on the wall, mounting under radiators, then you have to install floor models.
When installing cast.iron radiators, care must be observed, since the main feature of cast iron is its fragility. When working with cast.iron heating systems, all sorts of blows that can provoke the appearance of microcracks and depressurization of heating devices in the future.
The mass of the heating device
There are no absolutely accurate information about the mass of the device from cast iron. such a value can be indicated only for each specific model separately. But the average or closest values can be brought.
The main meaning that you should know is the weight of a cast.iron battery with 1 section, since this indicator allows you to calculate the approximate weight of the radiator with a large number of ribs. A classic standard model with a single section weighs about 7-7.5 kg (for comparison. among equipment from other metals it is difficult to find 1 section weighing more than 2 kg).
Now, based on this average indicator, you can calculate, for example, how much a cast.iron battery of 10 sections weighs. Thus, the approximate mass of this heating equipment is 70–75 kg. It should be remembered that such calculations are only of an indicative character. the real meaning can be different (both in smaller and in battle).
Choose the radiator correctly!
The heat capacity of modern radiators does not always depend on its mass and size.Thus, the weight of one section of the cast-iron battery collected from 2K60P radiators (Minsk) is 5.7 kilograms, however, due to a flat, and not ribbed heat transfer surface and increased thermal power to maintain heat in the room, 8-10 sections are sufficient. Collected from 10 sections of the Termo Czech.made battery is even easier: the minimum weight of the section is from 4.45 kg (maximum. 6.8 kg).
These radiators are produced in various modifications (height-560-673 mm, thermal power 146-290 W/section), which allows you to easily calculate the necessary dimensions for any room. Könner radiators (China/Germany) are also slightly weighty: a 365 mm height weighs a little more than three kilograms, while its heat transfer is 120 watts. For comparison: Thermal power of the MS-140-500 radiator at a height of 588 mm and weight 7.1 kg is 160 W/section, and the weight of the section with heat transfer 120 W (MS-140-300 radiator)-5.7 kg at a height of 388 mm.
In the calculation of the heating radiator, it is necessary to take into account how much the section of the cast.iron battery weighs and whether it is collapsible or unlimited, but also whether it is possible to independently compose it from the sections, or the radiator is sold in the assembly. For example, the mass of one section of Könner radiators (China/Germany) is approximately 4 kg, but these radiators are produced in a staffed form (4-12 sections).
If the calculation shows that to maintain the required temperature regime in the room, you need to set a battery of 10 sections, it is better to select a 12-sequator, and adjust the air temperature by reducing the temperature of the water-beam, shut-off cranes, etc. D.