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# How many kilowatts one solar battery gives

## How much energy produces a solar panel with a capacity of 400 watts?

400 watts solar panels will produce approximately 1.2 and 3 kilowatt hours (KWCh) per day, of course, depending on their effects of sunlight and other factors, including geographical position and inclination.

Similarly, how many solar panels I need 500 kWh per month?

How many solar panels do you need depending on energy consumption?

Monthly consumption of kWh typical size of the system of panels (315 W)
500 3.58 kW 12
600 four.30 kW fourteen
700 5.02 kW 16
800 5.73 kW 19

How many solar batteries do I need to power the refrigerator? How many solar batteries do I need to work the refrigerator? The average refrigerator takes about three or four medium solar panels for launching. The average refrigerator in the United States consumes approximately 57 kWh per month, and the average freezer consumes 58 kWh. Having folded them together, we will get 115 kWh.

From this, how many solar panels are needed to start the house?

According to our estimates, typical home needs from 20 to 24 solar batteries to cover 100 percent of electricity consumption. The actual amount that you need to install depends on factors such as the geographical position, the effectiveness of the panel, the nominal power of the panel and your personal preferences regarding energy consumption.

## How great the solar panel is 1 kWh panel?

The vertical arrangement of the solar panels on the roof will mean that the total height (with two rows of solar panels) will be 2132 mm, and the total width (with 5 solar panels next to each other) will be 2540 mm. This means that the total installation of the solar panel with a capacity of 1 kW will be 5.25m 2.

How many solar batteries are needed for power supply at home? The middle house with one bedroom requires six solar panels, a typical house with three bedrooms requires panel 10, and for a house with five bedrooms you usually require 14 panels. An annual electricity consumption is measured in kilowatt hours (KWCh).

### Now let’s pick up the required number of solar panels for the Krasnodar Territory:

We choose solar modules, the power of which is 280W, then select the angle of inclination proposed as an optimal program, that is, 45 degrees.

Next, we should choose the required number of batteries.

Having reached three modules, we will see that we can block the power consumption of our devices from April to September. This will be enough if the operation of the house occurs only during this period (that is, the summer time). For year.round operation at home, you will need at least 6 panels with a capacity of 280 watts each. At the same time, it will be better to take 9 pieces so as not to experience deficiency on cloudy days.

The production schedule is very convenient for visual assessment and choosing the optimal number of solar panels. Under it is offered an informative summary table, which presents data on the production of a solar power plant and the planned load.

### Do not forget to fill out the form and get a commercial offer for your solar power plant.

The calculation of the solar power plant using our calculator is a preliminary. It is necessary to take into account the individuality of each object, and in order to form a turnkey proposal, taking into account installation, technical and economic justification, you need to consult with our specialists. You can do this by phone or order an engineer’s departure to you. Based on the results of the conversation, specialists will make an offer that will meet your requirements to the maximum. The complex sentence will include the cost of the power plant itself and its professional installation.

So that we can make a preliminary calculation, send us our data using a special form. If any information is missing, our experts will contact you to clarify the details.

## What must be taken into account when calculating a solar generator

Sunlight, like any other physical quantity, has a number of parameters. They should be used when calculating the generator. These include:

• Lighting level or solar radiation power per square meter. It means the average value of solar radiation. It is measured in the upper layers of the atmosphere of the Earth and located perpendicular to light flows. For the example of Sochi, this value is 1365 watts.
• Maximum sun radiation power. This is a useful light energy. It reaches the surface of the earth at sea level at the equator and on a cloudless day. On average, it is 1 kW/m kV.
• Insolation is an average time during which the sun illuminates the surface with maximum intensity. Usually it is in the range from 3 to 5 hours in the territory.
• General radiation energy. the value measured during the day of irradiation of the surface. It is defined as a work of 1 kWh and the number of insolation watches.
• The power of solar energy is the amount of energy calculated per day (24 hours). This indicator is calculated as the ratio of general energy per day by 24 hours.

## Placement of panels

Installation of solar panels

In our climatic conditions, it is important to provide a system of automatic correction of the position of the panels. Since the intensity of solar energy changes over the day, very

### Automatic correction of the position of the panels

It is necessary that the rays fall on the receiving elements perpendicular. Thanks to this, knocking out more charged electrons out of them. But to ensure this will have to organize a turn or tilt of solar panels with the progress of the sun. With an angle of falling rays of 30 degrees, the coefficient of reflection of rays is at least 5%. And 95% of light energy is useful. With an increase in the reflection angle to 60 degrees, losses double. And with an angle of reflection of 80 degrees, the loss coefficient is at the mark of 40%. But besides the angle of reflection, the effective area of ​​the panel of the panel is important is important. This value is estimated. And be from the relationship of real area to the sinus of the angle between the plane and the direction of sunlight. As a result: to obtain a constantly high.quality flow, the panel must be turned from time to time to the sun. And this will, accordingly, will require certain technologies, which turns out to be a very expensive pleasure.

### Panels orientation in one plane

You can go in a simple way, orient the solar battery in one plane at a certain angle. For example, for 56 degrees of latitude) the angle of inclination to the horizon will be 56 degrees. And the angle of deviation from the vertical 34 degrees. Then you only need to provide the panels with rotation in one plane and its return to the starting point. All this will increase the system and makes it less reliable.

When constructing a panel rotation system, the weight of the frame on which photocells will be located is of great importance. And as a result, it turns out that the power of solar energy is unjustified to rotation. And this reduces the amount of useful energy.

## Calculation of solar panels for giving

By the same principle, calculate the consumption of TV, pump and other devices. Having folded everything, you will receive daily energy consumption, multiply by the number of days a month and get an approximate figure. For example, you received a consumption of 70 kW/h, add 40% of the energy lost in the inverter and the battery. So, you need batteries that produce 100 kW/h (100/30/7 = 0.476 kW per day). Need a set of batteries with a capacity of 0.5 kW. But this array is enough only in the summer, even in autumn and spring on cloudy days there may be interruptions in electricity. Therefore, you need to double the array of panels.

Home solar panels

Having the calculation of the cost of the system, you can easily and quickly calculate whether the costs of its acquisition will pay off.

## Estimated calculation

In order to preliminary calculation of the required power of the system, it is necessary to summarize the power of electricity consumers, which are included simultaneously. This value characterizes the load power (PNAGR), knowing which you can calculate the power of the inverter (PINV) by the formula: PINV = 1.2PNAGR. For example, with a load power of 1 kW, the inverter power should be at least 1200 W. The correct calculation of all the components of the system will allow you to get the maximum benefit from its installation of the house and avoid unnecessary expenses.

The calculation of the required number of solar batteries (n) will require knowledge of several more indicators:

• energy intensity of the house;
• Insolation coefficient for your region (Kins.);
• Nominal power of solar panels that you plan to use (PNO.).

An indicator characterizing the energy intensity of the house is the average daily consumption (WSR.day.). The insolation coefficient is determined according to statistics that take into account the duration of daylight hours, the number of cloudy days and other indicators. This coefficient is located on special solar insolation maps, its values ​​for some cities of Ukraine and Belarus are given in table 1.

 City Solar insolation coefficient, kWh/m2/day Jan Feb March Apr May June July Aug Saint Oct November Dec In a year 0.50 0.94 2.63 3.07 4.69 5.44 5.51 4,26 2.34 1.08 0.56 0.36 2.62 Yekaterinburg 0.64 1.50 2.94 4,11 5.11 5.72 5.22 4.06 2.56 1.36 0.72 0.44 2.87 St. Petersburg 0.35 1.08 2.36 3.98 5.46 5.78 5.61 4.31 2.60 1.23 0.50 0.20 2.79 Kyiv 1.69 2.56 3.15 3.49 4.71 4.19 4,48 4.40 3.14 2.44 1.39 1.44 3.09 Yalta 1.27 2.06 3.05 4,30 5.44 5.84 6.20 5.34 4.07 2.67 1.55 1.07 3.57 Kharkiv 1.19 2.18 3.42 4,48 5.65 5.89 5.83 5.05 3.71 2.24 1.27 0.93 3.49 Minsk 0.81 1.64 2.76 3.75 4.94 4.95 4,86 4.32 2.73 1.55 0.82 0.57 2.81 Vitebsk 0.72 1.50 2.70 3.87 5.20 5.24 5.21 4,24 2.75 1.52 0.80 0.51 2.86 Brest 0.88 1.61 2.69 3.80 5.00 4.97 4.78 4.34 2.86 1.65 0.87 0.68 2.85

## A good example to help

For a small country house, the average daily electricity consumption is about 2-5 kWh, for a country cottage this value can be 10-50 kWh and even more. Table 1 shows the main power consumers that are found in every house. Based on the data presented and we will calculate.

 No Energy consumer Power, W Quantity Average daily time of operation, h Power consumption per day, kWh one Incandescent lamp 100 3 3 0.9 2 Incandescent lamp 60 3 3 0.54 3 Television 150 one four 0.6 four Pump 500 one 2 one 5 Fridge 1000 one 2 2 6 A computer 400 one 2 0.8 7 Satellite antenna thirty one four 0.12 Total: – – – 5.96

It turns out that the energy intensity of our house is 5.96 kW, and taking into account losses for the discharge/charge of the battery 5.961.15 = 6.854kvt. Suppose that our house is in Yalta, and we plan to use the installed solar system throughout the year, then the insolation coefficient will be 3.57. The nominal power of the solar batteries that we purchased is 100 watts. One module for a day will be able to produce 1003.57 = 357 W. We calculate the quantity: 6.854/0.6426 = 19.2, round the most and we get 20 solar batteries will be able to provide a house that consumes about 6,000 splash/day.

As can be seen from the calculation, the most gluttonous devices are incandescent lamps and refrigerator. To reduce energy consumption recommend:

• Replace incandescent lamps with LED energy.saving ones, consuming only 4 watts, they radiate a light flow similar to 90 watts of incandescent lamp.
• If you glue the refrigerator with polystyrene and push away from the wall by 15 or more centimeters, this will reduce its energy consumption by 15%.

## Masterok

Summer will begin very soon. it’s time to reduce electricity costs in your apartments and houses.

To do this, you can install solar panels, but how many of them are required to cover all costs?

Solar panels have already become a rather mundane thing: they are installed to power pedestrian traffic lights, in garden farms and enterprises. over, back in 2015, a technology appeared to turn windows into sunny elements. It will reduce electricity costs even for people living in apartments.

for solar panels fall every few years, which means that their payback is also reduced. However, so far these figures have been at the level of more than 10 years. Nevertheless, with solar panels in the summer cottage, you become independent from the mains and you can even give electricity to the network or use it to charge batteries, which you can then use at home. So how many such panels do you need to make a plot or apartment self.sufficient in terms of electricity?

Of course, it all depends on the energy consumption of households and the area available for installing panels. The amount of energy (kW h), which the solar energy system can produce, depends on how many sunlight falls per unit area in your region., For example, this number ranges from the December minimum at 11.7 kWh/m2 to the July maximum in 166.7 kWh/m2. But even if you live in the region with a small specific power of solar radiation, you can still cover your energy costs. you just have to install panels of a larger area for this.

So, in order to calculate the number of solar panels to ensure uninterrupted nutrition of the garden or apartment, you need to carry out several simple calculations. The average power of the solar panels with an area of ​​1.6 m2 is 320 W, and the monthly electricity consumption in an average apartment with an area of ​​50 m2 is approximately 100 kW h (the exact number depends on the specific case), and for a private house. an average of about 1000 kW h.

Now you need to find out the number of peak sun hours for your region. For example, for this indicator is approximately 144 sun-hour per month. Now you need to divide the monthly need for electricity by the number of sun-hour and multiply the result by 1000 to obtain the necessary combined power of the solar panels. In our case, for the apartment it turns out 700 watts of power or approximately 2-3 panels with an area of ​​1.6 m2. For the house we get a number of 7 kW and 22 solar panels. Now you can calculate for your specific case.

## How much a solar system with a capacity of 12 kW produces per day?

However, if we assume that a solar system with a capacity of 12 kW is facing south, a system of this size will produce on average from 45 to 65 kWh energy per day. This amount of energy corresponds to approximately 1400-2000 kWh of a monthly energy production.

How much kWh draws a solar system with a capacity of 7 kW per day? As a rule, a solar system with a capacity of 7 kW usually generates from 28 to 40 kWh (kilowatt hours) of energy per day, which corresponds to 850-1200 kWh energy per month. However, the average amount of energy that produces a solar system with a capacity of 7 kW will mainly depend on the place in which it is installed.

How much does a 12 kW solar system cost in Australia? 12 kW solar system. key numbers

System 12 kW
Result 45 kWh on average per day (see. below)
Potential savings 900–1200 US dollars due to the cost of electricity.
The average payback period 3 to 6 years old
Price From only 13,000 to about 18,000 XNUMX dollars

How much does a solar system with a capacity of 11 kW produce? A 11 kW solar kit requires up to 800 square feet of the area. 11 kW or 11 kilowatts. it is 11,000 xnumx packed waters. This can lead to an assessment of 1.500 kilowatt hours (kWh) of alternating current capacity (AC) per month, assuming that the sun shines at least 5 hours a day, and the solar battery is facing south.

## How many solar panels do I need for 1,500 kWh per month?

The size of the house is average energy consumption per month (in KWC) the required number of panels
1500 sq. Feet 633 kWh 14. 17
2000 sq. Feet 967 kWh 19. 25
2500 sq. Feet 1.023 kWh 24. 30
3000 square meters. Feet 1.185 kWh 27. 38

How much energy does a solar system with a capacity of 50 kW produce? A 50 kW solar kit requires up to 4,000 square feet of the area. 50 kW or 50 kilowatts. it is 50,000 xnumx packed waters. This can lead to an assessment of 6,200 kilowatt-hour (KWh) of alternating current power (AC) per month, assuming that the sun shines at least 5 hours a day, and the solar battery is facing south.

How many kWh draw a solar system with a capacity of 6.6 kW?

1 kW of solar batteries = 4KVC of electricity produced per day (approximately). For each kW of solar panels, you can count on about 4 kWh per day of electricity production. Thus, a solar system with a capacity of 6.6 kW will generate about 26.4 kWh on a good day (which means a lot of sun, but not too hot).

How much energy does a solar system with a capacity of 7 produce.2 kW? Firstly, a typical solar energy system has a power of slightly more than 7.2 kW. The average American household usually uses 1.000 to 1.100 kWh electricity per month or from 12,000 to 13,200 per year. System with a capacity of 7.2 kW will produce approximately 9,500 kWh per year compensating for about 75% of the costs of households.

## Aspects affecting how much energy the solar battery produces

First of all, the performance of solar panels depends on the material of manufacture and production technology. Of those presented in the market, you can find batteries with a performance from 5 to 22%. All solar panels are divided into silicon and film.

Silicon.based modules performance:

There are also mixed types of panels that advantages of the same type allow you to block the shortcomings of another, which increases the efficiency of the module.

Also, how much energy gives a solar battery, the number of clear days a year affects. Известно, что если солнце в Вашем регионе появляется на целый день меньше чем в 200 днях в году, то установка и использование солнечных батарей едва ли будет выгодной.

In addition, the panel efficiency is also affected by the temperature of the battery heating. So, when heated by 1 ° C, performance falls by 0.5%, respectively, when heated by 10̊ C, we have half a reduced efficiency. To prevent such troubles, they set cooling systems, also requiring energy consumption.

To preserve high performance indicators during the day, the monitoring systems are installed during the movement of the sun, which help maintain a right angle of falling rays on the solar panels. But these systems are quite expensive, not to mention the batteries themselves, so not everyone can afford them to provide them to ensure the energy of their home.

How much energy is the solar battery produces also depends on the total area of ​​the installed modules, because each photocell can take a limited amount of solar energy.

## How to calculate how much energy gives a solar battery for your home?

Based on the above moments that should be taken into account when buying solar panels, we can derive a simple formula by which we can calculate how much energy will produce one module.

Suppose you chose one of the most productive modules with an area of ​​2 m2. The amount of solar energy on a normal sunny day is about 1000 watts per m2. As a result, we get this formula: solar energy (1000 W/m2) × performance (20%) × Module area (2 m2) = power (400 W).

If you want to calculate how much solar energy is perceived in the evening and on a cloud day, you can use the following formula: the amount of solar energy on a clear day × sinus of the angle of sunlight and the surface of the panel × percentage of transformed energy on a cloudy day = how many solar energy As a result, the battery transforms. For example, let’s say that in the evening the angle of fall of rays is 30̊. We get the following calculation: 1000 W/m2 × sin30̊ × 60% = 300 W/m2, and we use the last number as the basis for calculating power.

### Individual needs. defining factor.

The solar battery of 1 kW has found application in small summer cottages, where power consumption is reduced due to a rare inclusion, since in such houses, as a rule, they do not constantly live. Such a kit is designed to use only extremely necessary devices and small lighting, not more than 1 or 2 bulbs. The solar battery for 1 kW will be a good help in the country or country house, only material investments in the installation of such a battery can overshadow the whole picture.

A set of solar batteries 2 kW is designed for houses with permanent residence. Of course, in such a house you are not walking around in terms of the presence of electrical appliances, but all the elements of life mandatory for everyday use can be freely operated. The only undesirable component of such a house will be electric heaters, such as an electric stove or boiler boiler. To ensure illumination in such a house, it is better to choose LED bulbs, they have the lowest energy consumption. The solar battery of 2 kW will help you feel comfortable in the house without thinking about peak consumption, that is, it will allow you to include not 1 or 2 devices at the same time, but use the entire necessary spectrum of devices.

### Design features of complexes.

The installation kit, both 1 and 2 kW, owes its uninterrupted work by the presence of batteries that align the flow of current and help to provide the house with energy on cloudy days and dark days of day. The power of any system can be increased by replacing the inverter with a more powerful. So power from 1 kW can be increased to 2 kW, and 2 kW of the solar battery can be increased to 3 kW.

powerful solar installations are sometimes used together with collectors with which the solar battery heats the water that further goes to heating.

This allow only solar modules of sufficient size, which can provide electricity with more than one family.

When used in extremely distant areas, it is advisable to have 1. 2 reserve power sources at hand, for long periods of bad weather, in which light modules will be useless.

### Author

#### Kerariel

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