What’s not allowed
Limitations due to the fact that a number of materials can not withstand prolonged exposure to hot water, high humidity, aggressive components of tablets or gels.
Lightweight and inexpensive cookware made of this metal is prized by many housewives. Aluminum pots, pans, mugs are in circulation along with modern, expensive utensils. But they’re not suitable for washing in a washing machine.
The surface of aluminum products is covered by a special protective film, which is instantly washed away under the influence of alkaline compounds of detergents. Unprotected metal reacts actively with water, oxidizes and darkens.
If you load a set of aluminium crockery into the trays, the inner walls of the machine will change: they will be covered with clay, and metal particles will fall into the spray nozzle.
The result is sad: the darkening of kitchen objects, as well as the breakdown of expensive household appliances. Therefore, aluminum items are washed only by hand, using gentle means.
Another material that refuses to “get along” with the dishwasher. Colorful wooden sets of plates, spoons, barrels, convenient and practical chopping boards, glasses, after being in the washing machine’s chamber, swell and become worthless.
The reason is simple: prolonged exposure to water and hot air during drying. The pieces of wood increase in size, become cracked, and when glued together from separate parts, they fall apart and are good for throwing away. That is why pots, pans with wooden handles are not loaded into the dishwasher.
Not so long ago, sets of shot glasses, flutes and goblets were in great demand among consumers. Dishes and vases made of fragile and transparent material were considered to be indicators of wealth and prosperity, belonged to scarce commodities and were rather expensive.
Nowadays, there is no such fuss, but those who have crystal in their households, be sure to put luxury sets on the table during the holiday lunches and dinners. And it is clear that there is a question of washing fragile shot glasses, salad bowls and tumblers.
Long-term exposure to hot water and alkaline compositions leads to the darkening of glass, the appearance of stains, yellowing, and microcracks.
That’s why it is allowed to load some items into the dishwasher, but at the same time setting a gentle mode.
Permission is granted for mid-range products which can withstand temperatures up to 50ºC. Expensive Baccarat crystal is washed only by hand, with warm water and gel, which does not contain abrasives and aggressive components.
What to do with massive pans, frying pans, cauldrons, woks? After cooking, the inside of the crockery is covered with grease, dirt which is not easy to clean. It would seem that a “smart” machine would be able to wash everything!
But in fact, experts do not recommend loading cast iron products into the dishwasher. Why you should not wash such dishes? Theoretically, pans and cauldrons will stand the test in a gentle mode of rapid cycle, but under the influence of hot water, plenty of detergents will “lose” the protective film.
The grease layer formed during cooking is not washed off by hand, but dissolves in the dishwasher. For cast iron it is a disaster, as the metal will quickly begin to rust, and the product will be unsuitable for further use.
For details on the care of cast iron pans, boilers, cauldrons, cauldrons, see the article on our website, and for yourself make a stop list for the dishwasher.
So beloved by housewives pots, molds, fry pans, jars for bulk items made of unglazed clay will also have to be washed by hand. Coated ceramics are easier to care for, but unprotected vitreous layer of natural material absorbs water, is sensitive to temperature changes, alkaline compounds.
Such clay is not suitable for loading into the dishwasher. When washing by hand, it is advisable to use only natural products (mustard powder), avoiding “chemicals. For heavy soiling, soak pots and molds in advance and then gently scrub away grease and plaque.
Cups and plates made of noble materials are not strictly prohibited, they can withstand a washing cycle in the washing machine, but only under a number of conditions:
Almost all models of the last series have programs of delicate washing for glassware, ceramics, faora. If you do not have this regime, it is recommended to wash objects by hand.
Please note! Do not load items with gold ornaments into the dishwasher!
Also, do not wash fluoro products that have a pattern on top of the glaze. If such utensils end up in the washing machine, the paint will wash off and the gilding will disappear.
A variety of polymer dishes are used in the home, as well as accessories (trays, containers). Suitability for the machine is determined by a single parameter. the melting temperature of the material.
Some plastics can withstand very hot water (food-grade polypropylene, polyethylene terephthalate), others. polystyrene, PVC. begin to melt. That’s why you can load and wash reusable plastic dishes, but not disposable plates, cups, trays for greens, cutlery. Disregard of the rules leads to deformation of dishes, as well as machine breakages, putting household appliances out of order.
Exclude the use of dishwashers for washing utensils made of precious metal, which after the procedure loses its shine, gets cloudy and covered with dark stains. Particularly affected are items with delicate openwork patterns. Alkaline components of detergents and prolonged exposure to hot water are detrimental to them.
Expensive and beautiful sets of silverware are carefully washed by hand after use, using mild detergents or special preparations for cleaning silver.
Frying pans, sauté pans, baking pans and non-stick pans are present in every kitchen. Capricious coating, requires gentle handling, so it is desirable to wash dishes with hands.
Some manufacturers allow loading such products in the dishwasher, but the washing should be done on a delicate mode and with gentle compositions.
On products put a special marking. If there are no such signs, it is better not to risk, otherwise the expensive set of pots and pans will remain uncoated and will lose important functions.
In the stop list for the washing machine (what should not be washed), in addition to the above, also include:
- Melchior, copper, brass ware. In the process of washing loses its presentable appearance, stains appear. Metals react with alkaline compounds of detergents, luster is lost.
- Meat grinders (metal darkens, chrome coating deteriorates).
- Knives. Despite the fact that almost all machines have trays for cutlery, it is undesirable to wash knives in the oven. Dull blades, because of the cutting parts can damage the walls or some nodes inside the machine.
Cookware with small, removable items should also never be loaded into the dishwasher. During washing, parts may fall off, get caught in sprinkler or drain holes, causing breakage.
Gorenje Dishwasher. How to wash large pots
Do not load any containers (jars, bottles) with labels into the machine: the pieces of paper can peel off and get into the working mechanisms of the machine, which will inevitably lead to a breakdown of household appliances.
Which washcloth is right for the dishwasher??
First, carefully examine the set and recall how many years it has been in the family. If it is an inheritance left by great-grandmother, then you have to forget about machine washing: fragile dishes simply will not survive it.
Set aside cups and saucers with gold-plated, fine colored designs. Under the influence of a strong water pressure and a detergent with abrasive particles all the beauty will fade and wear off quickly.
Suitable for the dishwasher, products made of bone faora, marked “Bone China” or with a special sign that permits machine washing. As a rule, such sets are relatively recent, within the last 10-15 years.
In most apartments now you can find this device. Microwave oven greatly simplified the life of housewives, because it can quickly heat up food, cook original dishes, boil water and much more. But can you put a clay pot or cup in the microwave?? Will not damage the oven or cookware?
The answer is yes, it can. Clay is not a conductor of current, which means that dishes made of this material (unlike metal, which in no case can be placed in the microwave) will not cause any harm to the microwave. The dishes themselves will not be bad either, and the dishes in the clay pot, cooked in the microwave, will have an original taste. The only problem is, since clay conducts heat very well, it would cause the cookware to become very hot. Take it out of the microwave with a towel or an oven mitt, otherwise you can get a serious burn.
The dishwasher is quite a severe test for the dishwasher. They must be able to withstand the high temperatures of the water during the wash cycle and the hot air that dries them. Severely active chemicals also affect the tableware in a less-than-good way. Also affected are the length of time spent in water: this process can take up to 4 hours.
Among ceramics there are items that are contraindicated to automatic washing:
- Cookware with patterns on the surface, but no glaze coating. The pattern is sure to deteriorate over time. It is possible that improper washing can spoil not only the cookware itself, but also the machine: chipped fragments cause damage to the equipment.
- Terracotta crockery and fireclay products.
- Products with gold-plated or silver-plated inlays (after a while, the coating will lose its former appearance, and then it will be completely washed off).
- Thin antique faience. Even a single wash can ruin an expensive item.
- Majolica. glazed ceramics made of baked clay. Washing in the machine will cause it to lose its original appearance very quickly. After just a few washes, a gorgeous-looking plate or cup will start to crack and clog your machine’s filter.
Violating these prohibitions, you can damage not only the ceramics, but also the dishwasher. It’s one thing to buy a new plate, but it’s quite another to repair your dishwasher or spend money on a new one.
Choosing a dining set for the washing machine
Of course, we want indescribable beauty at home, but reality makes its adjustments. If you go to the site of the Imperial Porcelain Factory and read the recommendations for the use of tableware, it becomes clear that products with gilding and overglaze painting are not suitable for the dishwasher and microwave oven.
This is especially true for the fine bone faora. The paint and gilding will wash off the plates and teapots after a few wash cycles, and the thin, exclusive bone dor can get cracked.
We conclude that you can not wash porcelain tableware decorated with overglaze painting, precious metals, as well as bone china in the dishwasher, unless you want to lose an expensive thing.
When choosing a dining set for everyday use, it is better to give preference to products with underglaze painting. Such mugs and plates can be put in the microwave and washed in the dishwasher, which makes life much easier.
Such items can be extraordinarily beautiful. Agree, the table set, painted cobalt blue, will bring a special atmosphere to everyday life, while it safely tolerates a microwave and dishwasher.
Another option is to choose other ceramic or earthenware kitchen utensils, which can also be very elegant.
Sharp objects are contraindicated in the dishwasher. First, you can forget or simply do not know about the cutting objects, if the dirty dishes were not laid by you, and severely injured.
Secondly, such washing can ruin good appliances. Strong detergents often used over time dull the sharp edges of expensive knives. This is especially true for regular housewives, who don’t often bother to sharpen them. Knife handles and carbon steel blades can become damaged in the dishwasher. rust over time.
Third, carelessly placed knives can simply damage parts of the dishwasher, leading to breakage.
All this, of course, does not apply to common cutlery knives, but their steel will inevitably tarnish with time due to frequent washing.
Conventional dishwasher detergents are not used for hand washing dishes in the dishwasher. There are special detergents for dishwashers. It can be divided into 4 groups:
Dishwasher detergents come from many manufacturers. It’s hard to choose the products you need. Many people choose products based on price. That’s not right. It happens that inexpensive products clean dishes better.
Before buying a new household detergent for the dishwasher, you should read the reviews, and pay attention to the composition.
The choice of detergent is critical. Not only the cleanliness of the dishes depends on its quality but also their preservation.
- Detergents containing chlorine will wash even very dirty dishes. Additionally, they have disinfecting and bleaching properties. But delicate dishes can be damaged by their use.
- Oxygen bleach and enzyme preparations. Gentle bleach and stain remover. Suitable for short cycles and work well at low temperatures.
- Eco-friendly detergents (biodegradable). Do not pollute, safe for allergic persons. Often used in families with small children. They clean harder dirt worse than the previous two types.
- Multi-ingredient detergents. Contains detergent and rinse aid, sometimes also salt. Mostly available as tablets. Easy to use for beginners. But they are more expensive to use.
Experienced dishwasher users pay attention to the following point:
Dosage of dishwasher tablets is not possible. If the cycle is too short, it can leave traces of sludge on the dishes.
Removes detergent residue, speeds up drying and makes it easier for water to drip off surfaces. It’s the rinse aid that makes the dishes look so clean. No drips or smudges on it. The product is usually available as a gel. Spends sparingly. One bottle lasts for a long time, about six months.
Advice. If you put rinse aid in the dishwasher and want to use a multi-component product, set the rinse aid to the minimum.
In most apartments now you can find this device. The microwave oven has made life much easier for housewives, because it can quickly heat up food, cook original dishes, boil water and much more. However, can you put a clay pot or cup in the microwave?? There is no danger of damaging the cookware or the appliance?
Answer: yes, you can. Clay is not a conductor of current, which means that dishes made of this material (unlike metal, which can never be placed in the microwave) will not cause any harm to the microwave. The crockery itself will not be bad either, and dishes in a clay pot cooked in the microwave will have an original taste. The only nuance: since clay conducts heat very well, the dishes will get very hot. You must remove it from the microwave with a towel or glove stick, or you could get a bad burn.
Dishwasher wash peculiarities for different materials
It would be logical to start with what kind of dishes you can wash in the dishwasher. This includes, as standard, cutlery, glassware, porcelainware, heat-resistant plastic, and non-gold-plated earthenware.
Separately, it is worth considering which pans can be washed with a dishwasher:
When asked if you can wash cast iron pans in the dishwasher, the answer is unequivocal. you can’t. For the rest, to find out if you can put pans and other kitchen utensils in the dishwasher, it’s a good idea to consult the instructions on the dishwasher.
Thin glassware should be washed in gentle mode and at a temperature not exceeding 50 ° C. If the dishes are sturdy and thick, then any program is fine. All objects are placed at a distance of 5 cm from each other, so they do not touch, otherwise chipping may occur on the utensils.
Articles made of this material can be perfectly machine-cleaned. The only thing you need to consider is the delicate program and room temperature water, if the dishes are decorated with gilding or glaze.
The technique perfectly washes heat-resistant containers, boards, silicone forms. If the dishes are light, it is necessary to fix them securely, so that when washing they do not move. Hand wash plastic containers if the packaging does not indicate that the product is heat resistant.
Ceramic dishes should be washed in the dishwasher, such products respond well to hot water, they do not develop cracks, the pattern and other decorations are preserved.
Having found out whether you can wash a pot made of ceramic, it is worth remembering about the need to clean large-sized items in a special compartment, separately from small plates, cups, other options of dishes.
crystal glasses and other crockery made of this expensive material can be cleaned, but only at temperatures below 50 degrees. Under the influence of hot water, products will begin to darken, with time cracks will appear. When washing crystal, you need to add 1 tablespoon of vinegar to the machine to make the products shine.
Clay utensils are not suitable for processing under the influence of steam, vibration and high temperatures, because very soon will be covered with cracks. The material also absorbs detergents, which are difficult to rinse off the surface. Modern earthenware can be washed in the dishwasher on a delicate setting only if it has a protective layer.